Individual and social sacrifices are prevalent in A Tale of Two Cities. Charles forgoes the family legacy to hide the stigma of his family’s immoral conduct. For the sake of his eventual dignity, Dr. Manette chooses to forgo his independence. Many French lives were sacrificed in the revolution to ultimately eliminate dictatorship. All in all, sacrifice guides both ordinary people and greater national businesses to greater prosperity and satisfaction. Although making sacrifices is difficult when only considering short-term benefits, in the long term, Charles conquers Lucie’s love; Dr. Manette, due to being a former Bastille prisoner, has taken a powerful place in the French Revolution; France will turn the violent revolution into a harmonic and booming prospect. In the novel, Dickens every now and again utilizes literary devices to fortify the topic of sacrifice and thusly sets up the positive outlook of making penances.
Dickens utilizes metaphors and euphemisms to convey a sense of distress yet favor during the process of making sacrifices. Upon giving up on his family properties, Charles confesses to his uncle in the family chateau, “This property and France are lost to me,” “I renounce them.”… “—I would abandon it, and live otherwise and elsewhere. It is little to relinquish. What is it but a wilderness of misery and ruin?” Upon his uncle’s demise he fled the nation and its station as marquis in light of the fact that, for the sake of riches and status, he lamented the indecencies his family had submitted. While Charles delineates this compensation as ‘little to give up,’ he indeed gives up a lot—his status, reputation, and wealth. This does not appear to him, regardless, since he would not prefer to be identified with the verifiable setting of his forebears. The euphemism Dickens uses here communicates Charles’ reconciliation with himself and the properties his family possesses. Not unreasonably Charles could not care less pretty much each one of those properties, but since of his yearning for the more noteworthy and more splendid—the equitable and right, the undertakings do not show up as critical to him as they appear to his family. Likewise, by metaphorizing those degenerate properties into a wilderness of misery and ruin,’ Dickens further strengthens Charles’ frame of mind of apathy and disdain towards the materialistic world. ‘Wilderness’ as of now passes on Charles’ perplexities towards his family’s assets, while ‘misery’ and ‘ruin’ include another layer of his scorn. They together play an extraordinary statement of Charles’ acknowledgment and the sacrifice he is going to make. In this manner, the euphemism and metaphor here together invigorate Charles’ assurance of making penance.
Imagery and diction are used to depict the soundness of Dr. Manette’s experience of sacrificing his freedom. Miss Pross tells Mr. Lorry about how Dr. Manette regularly gets up in the night “he gets up in the dead of the night, and will be heard, by us overhead there, walking up and down, walking up and down, in his room.” In spite of the fact that during the day he can work as he did before his detainment, his evening time wanderings show that he never genuinely left the jail, and the years he spent there will consistently be a piece of him. Dickens’ use of imagery here evokes a sense of anxiousness and tension, driving it simple to accept that Dr. Manette’s sacrifice of his freedom instigates his readiness and mindfulness in any event, even during the most loosening-up time. Furthermore, the diction of ‘dead of the night’ and the reiteration of ‘walking up and down’ further shows both the force of Dr. Manette’s evening wanderings and the ineptness of the environment. Since Dr. Manette surrenders his freedom and goes through years in jail, he gains the ability to remain alert throughout his life and is able to make extraordinary commitments in the French Revolution.
The allusion to slavery further makes it clear that the French individuals are under serious constraint such that they need to forfeit their lives for the nation’s future harmony and prosperity. Marquis speaks to Darnay, “The dark deference of fear and slavery will keep the dogs obedient to the whip, as long as this roof shuts out the sky,” implying that the best way to control individuals is through oppression. Marquis reduces average citizens into animals and thinks that they should be slaves. He bolsters the French aristocrats’ approaches to abusing the proletariat that individuals ought to be lashed like pooches to keep them dutiful. At the end of the day, he needs to state that the individuals are to be dealt with like creatures to make them live in dread of blue blood. However, what is most appalling is the allusion to slavery. As slavery is unpleasant and discouraging to anybody, Dicken’s work of reference to servitude conveys the setbacks the French should trouble. Hence, the French individuals, later on, choose to forfeit their lives for opportunity and bliss. It is the implication made here that makes it obvious the results pushed on the French individuals and their decision of sacrifice is increasingly reasonable.
Associated with the topic of resurrection is the thought that sacrifice is important to accomplish bliss. Dickens looks at this subsequent subject, once more, on both a country and individual level. The progressives demonstrate that another, with a substantial and horrendous cost the libertarian French republic can happen, yet individual lives must be relinquished to benefit the country. Likewise, when the guard captures Charles for the second time, he helps Manette to recall the supremacy of state interests over individual integrity. Dr. Manette’s sacrifice ultimately offers him an important role in the French Revolution. Accordingly, Dickens uses literary devices that effectively show the sacrifices those characters made, in a broader sense, are all totally supportive of a decent purpose.