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Analytical Essay on Ancient Egypt: Events, Architecture, Technology and Culture

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It was an ordinary 1820 day for Jean-Francois Chamoolillom, that was until he had cracked the code to finding many secrets, in Ancient Egypt. The knowledge that had been locked away now was open. That is how they found out about Ancient Egypt culture, Architecture, technology, events, and the environment. Reading this text will hopefully give you a bit more background and will help you understand Ancient Egypt.

Ancient Egypt Events

Early Dynastic and The Old KingdomThe Early Dynastic and Old Kingdom was the beginning of something great, Ancient Egypt. At this time, there were major events that really shaped Egypt to what it is known for today. This age was from 2950 BCE to 2150BCE. This time was marked with important events. Some of these events were the first pyramid (called the Pyramid of Djoser)– and the Sun God Re. I will talk about that and more in the following paragraphs below in the Early Dynastic and Old Kingdom subheadings.

The start of the Early Dynastic was the beginning of Ancient Egypt. Joshua J. Mark in his Ancient Egypt article helps my reasoning by stating “THE WRITTEN HISTORY OF EGYPT BEGINS BETWEEN 3400 AND 3200 BCE WHEN HIEROGLYPHIC SCRIPT IS DEVELOPED BY THE NAQADA CULTURE III.” He stated . Pharaoh Djoser was the first Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. His passion for architecture was beyond small therefore he decided to make the first pyramid and it was called the Djoser Pyramid. This happened near the end of the Early Dynastic (end of early dynastic:2575BCE).

At this time Egypt was split in two. This event resulted in the capital being right in the middle of the upper and lower Egypt.No matter how interesting the Early Dynastic was, you can not forget about the Old Kingdom and the events. The civilization was not split anymore. This age was from 2575-2150 BCE. One of these events was the beginning of the 4th Dynasty(“Dynasty: a line of hereditary rulers of a country.” Oxford Dictionary) as a result of this new dynasty, Khafre ( the Pharaoh) made a Pyramid and the Great Sphinx. These huge monuments were very important to the Egyptians. Similarly like how in this time period, there was a new god in the Egyptian religion that was important to the people of Ancient Egypt. This god was called “Sun God Re”. This was a time of peace, but with all good, there must be bad and this was true for the Old Kingdom, as a result of government problems the old kingdom came to an end. The Old Kingdom came to an end at 2150 BCE.

First Intermediate Period

According to Ducksters Educational Site ™, The First Intermediate Period was a time of sadness and grief. All the events were disappointing. The government broke as a result and similar to Egypt splitting back to two, This Period was a short one. It lasted from 2150 BCE to 1975BCE. [informational]

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The Middle Kingdom and Second Intermediate Period

Turns out Ancient Egypt was not over not just yet– Pharaoh Mentuhotep was to thank for that. He helped Egypt get up again. Because of this, The Pharaoh made a choice to move all the royal tombs to Memphis. In this time they started to use irrigation. Therefore the period was calm, peaceful and in my opinion, boring. This age ended in 1640BCE (1975-1640 BCE) [Cause and effect] Similarly, the Second Intermediate was like the first one, but with one good event. This event was the creation of the Chariots ( “a two-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle used in ancient warfare and racing. From Oxford”). This Creation can lead to further travel. This invention will be important in the New Kingdom, differently, the rest was pretty dull. The dynasties ended. It was a time with relevant peace, but this period came to an end in 1520 BCE when it started shortly before in 1640 BCE.

The New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Period

The New Kingdom was changed for Ancient Egypt this period. They did not focus on pyramids. Ancient Egypt was concentrating on land, also the Pharaoh changed the religion, similarly, the religion was changed again by the Pharaoh Tutankhamun. Tutankhamun changed Ancient Egypt’s religion. Differently, the first woman to become Pharaoh became Pharaoh in this period. This Pharaoh’s name was Hatshepsut. This Age came to an end in 1075 BCE (and started in 1520 BCE). The Third Intermediate started in 1070 BCE and it was a painful time for Ancient Egypt. Egypt divided into two. Therefore Egypt’s army and the government got weaker and weaker. As a result, Ancient Egypt was conquered by the Assyrian Empire. This was the end of Egypt, at least for now.

Ancient Egypt Architecture

You might have been informed about Ancient Egypt’s high involvement with pyramids well then, you might not know involvement with high-quality information about these pyramids: Well, here you are in my Architecture Section to do just that, learn about the ancient Egyptian architecture. So in this section, you will be informed about the many Architectural monuments, houses, and more. First, let’s start with the reason you might have come here. Let’s talk about the pyramids. The first pyramid I would like to start with is the first pyramid ever. This pyramid was the Meidum Pyramid. This pyramid was made by Pharaoh Khafre. Next, we have the Djoser Pyramid. It was the tallest pyramid at its time standing at 204 feet. It had courtyards, living quarters with 40 acres. It was large.So what about the normal people the people with normal houses. Well, their houses were made from mud and brick. Stone was only used for temples and monuments. Such as the Khafra’s Great Sphinx.

Ancient Egypt Technology

Ancient Egypt is not only known for its artifacts but for its technological advancements created during the period. Ancient Egypt was a very advanced ancient civilization. Some of the advancements, the Ancient Egyptians had and the other civilizations didn’t have, were toothbrushes, toothpaste, and breath mints — which are very similar to the ones we have today–. This section will inform you more about the technology produced in the civilization of Ancient Egypt.One of the earliest inventions of the Ancient Egyptian’s time period was hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics was an early language that was developed by the early ancient Egyptians. Hieroglyphics was a language consisting of drawings that would tell about the moment. They would carve this on rocks or draw it on a Papyrus paper that they would make with paper. Speaking of paper, Egyptian’s would make ink of different colors that they would write on this Papyrus. Ancient Egyptians cared about appearance. They did not have the perfect white smiles that would be in movies but did care. Cared so much they made toothbrushes and used rocks, salt, mint, and dried iris for toothpaste. Supporting my reasoning [ on ancient Egyptians caring so much for appearance and hygiene]Joshua J. Mark a part-time Philosophy Professor Stated: “To cite only one example, the queen Hatshepsut (1479-1458 BCE) actually died from an abscess following a tooth extraction.” This concludes my reasoning on Ancient Egyptians caring about their appearance. This quote means that people cared so much about their appearance that a queen died to make her appearance better. Model of 14 Shaquille O’Neals the same height as a 100-foot obelisk.

Ancient Egyptian Culture

Ancient Egypt Culture was very strong and Joshua J. Mark in his article supports my idea, he declared: “THE MIDDLE KINGDOM OF EGYPT IS CONSIDERED ITS ‘CLASSICAL AGE’ WHEN ART & CULTURE REACHED GREAT HEIGHTS” Joshua supports by stating the middle kingdom culture was very big. For this reason, I will communicate. Their religion is quite interesting. First, they believe death is not the end: They would Preserve the Physical dead body but believe the soul is Immortal. Secondly, The Egyptians would keep their names a secret and only use their nicknames. They also believed in multiple gods. One of these gods was named Amun. The People of Egypt would ask for help through a hard time to Amun one example of this explained by Joshua J. Mark, “A famous example of this is when Ramesses II was surrounded by his enemies at the Battle of Kadesh (1274 BCE) and, calling upon the god Amun for aid, found the strength to fight his way through to safety.” Hieroglyphs were like the formal writing of Ancient Egypt but Egyptians did not make Hieroglyphs, it was passed down with trade from Mesopotamia. It was not easy to decode this writing. First, the writing used pictures as sounds. Secondly, there was no translation to anything we knew. Till the discovery of the Rosetta Stone, this stone helps a lot because it had the same text written in three languages (Hieroglyphics, Greek, and Dematic) and finally in 1820, Jean-Francois Chamoolillom crack the code. Comparing this to modern language is very interesting. Firstly Hieroglyphs are not a language you can speak. Secondly, the reason that separates Hieroglyphics from modern language is the fact that Hieroglyph is a language that has drawn symbols.As I stated many times Egyptians cared a lot about their appearance, I will tell you what the Egyptians wore: Men would wear a short skirt with bare feet or sandals, On the other hand the woman wore dresses barefoot or sandals. Both Genders wore makeup. All the clothing was white because of the heat.

Ancient Egypt environment

Ancient Egypt was only a thing because of the amazing environment. Archaeologists believe the first sediments took place near the Nile. the Nile river was a huge river that starts in the south of Sudan, but what made this river the choice for sediments. Well, one of the best parts of the Nile was the yearly flood. This was good because it took all the good black dirt that was in central Egypt and took it [ black dirt ] up to the Egyptians. This black dirt was great for framing grains and beans. This flood happened in summer or fall depending on the amount of rain that came from Ethiopia. It’s kind of funny knowing that one rock gave has the most knowledge on Ancient Egypt –but this was not true before Jean-Francois Chamoolillom found out what was written on the rock, so we thank him for his discovery and I thank you for your reading of my book.

Works Cited

  1. Ancient Egypt Online. “Ancient Egyptian Obelisks.” Ancient Egyptian Obelisks, 23 Jan. 2020,
  2. Cartwright, Mark. “Rosetta Stone.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 20 Jan. 2020,
  3. Ducksters Educational Site. “Ancient Egypt.” Ducksters Educational Site, 2020,
  4. “Erecting an Obelisk: A Monument of Egyptian Grandeur.” The Great Courses Daily, 16 Dec. 2019,
  5. Lexico, and Oxford. “Chariot: Definition of Chariot by Lexico.” Lexico Dictionaries | English, Lexico Dictionaries,
  6. Mark, Joshua J. “Ancient Egypt.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 21 Jan. 2020,
  7. Mark, Joshua J. “Ancient Egyptian Architecture.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 20 Jan. 2020,
  8. Mark, Joshua J. “Ancient Egyptian Culture.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 19 Jan. 2020,
  9. Mark, Joshua J. “Ancient Egyptian Writing.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 20 Jan. 2020,
  10. Scoville, Priscila. “Egyptian Hieroglyphs.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 19 Jan. 2020,
  11. Scoville, Priscila. “Egyptian Hieroglyphs.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 22 Jan. 2020,
  12. “Shaquille O’Neal.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 6 Jan. 2020,, Karen, and Dylan. “Egyptian Geography and Environment.” Study Guides, 27 Nov. 2018,

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Analytical Essay on Ancient Egypt: Events, Architecture, Technology and Culture. (2022, July 14). Edubirdie. Retrieved March 28, 2023, from
“Analytical Essay on Ancient Egypt: Events, Architecture, Technology and Culture.” Edubirdie, 14 Jul. 2022,
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