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Analytical Essay on Cognitive Development: Jean Piaget and Nature Versus Nurture

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Cognitive development is that the construction of thought processes, together with memory, drawback determination, and decision-making, from childhood through adolescence to adulthood. Among the specifics of Cognitive Development are, information processing, intelligence, reasoning, language development and memory.

Learning Objectives are;

  1. Be able to establish and describe the most areas of psychological feature development.
  2. Be able to describe major theories of psychological feature development and what distinguishes them.
  3. Understand however nature and nurture work along to provide psychological feature development.
  4. Understand why psychological feature development is usually viewed as discontinuous and sometimes as continuous.
  5. Know some ways that within which analysis on psychological feature development is being employed to enhance education.

By the time you reach adulthood you have got learned a number of things concerning however the globe works. You know, as an example, that you simply can’t practice walls or leap into the tiptop of trees. you recognize that though you can't see your automotive keys they’ve ought to be around here somewhere. What’s additional, you recognize that if you wish to speak advanced ideas like ordering a triple-shot soy vanilla café’ latte with chocolate sprinkles it’s higher to use words with meanings connected to them instead of merely gesturing and inarticulate . individuals accumulate all this handy information through the method of psychological feature development, that involves a large number of things, each inherent and learned.

Literature Review

As the name suggests, psychological feature development is regarding amendment. Children’s thinking changes in dramatic and shocking ways that. think about DeVries’s (1969) study of whether or not young youngsters perceive the distinction between look and reality. to search out, she brought an extraordinarily placid cat named Maynard to a science facility and let the 3 to 6-year-old child participants within the study to touch and mingle with him. Then scientists placed a mask of a fierce dog on Maynard’s head, and asked the kids what Maynard was. Despite all of the kids having known Maynard antecedently as a cat, currently most 3-year-olds same that he was a dog and claimed that he had a dog’s bones and a dog’s abdomen. In distinction, the 6-year-olds weren’t fooled; that they had little doubt that Maynard remained a cat. Understanding however children’s thinking changes thus dramatically in only a couple of years is one in all the fascinating challenges in learning psychological feature development.

There are many main varieties of theories of kid development. Stage theories, like Piaget’s stage theory, specialize in whether or not youngsters progress through qualitatively completely different stages of development. social group theories, like that of Bulgarian monetary unit Vygotsky, emphasize however people and therefore the attitudes, values, and beliefs of the encircling culture, influence children’s development. informatics theories, like that of David Klahr, examine the mental processes that turn out thinking at anyone time and therefore the transition processes that result in growth in this thinking (Siegler, R. 2020).


Nature vs. Nurture

The most fundamental question regarding child development is how nature and nurture together form development. Nature refers to our organic endowment, the genes we acquire from our parents. Nurture refers back to the environments, social in addition to physical, that have an effect on our development, everything from the womb wherein we develop earlier than beginning to the houses wherein we grow-up, the schools we attend, and the many people with whom we interact.

  • Nature and nurture move to supply psychological feature development.
  • Nature: maturation of brain and body; ability to understand, learn, act; motivation
  • Nurture: – Adaptation: kids reply to the strain of the setting in ways in which meet their own goals. – Organization: kids integrate explicit observations into a body of coherent data

Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget

Sensorimotor stage - birth to 2 years, Preoperational Reasoning Stage – 2 to 7 years of age, Concrete Operational Reasoning Stage – 6 to 12 years of age, Formal Operational Stage – 11 years old through out the remainder of one’s life. The last stage has to do with the mastery of thought (Evans, 1973).

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Jean Piaget’s Theory

  • The first “cognitive” concept, developed by means of Jean Piaget starting in 1920.
  • Piaget determined and delineated kids at completely distinctive ages.
  • His idea is exceedingly broad, from birth through adolescence, and includes thoughts of language, clinical reasoning, ethical development, and memory.

Piaget’s Assumption About Children

  • Children construct their very own know-how in reaction to their experiences.
  • Children examine many stuff on their personal with out the intervention of older youngsters or adults.
  • Children are intrinsically encouraged to examine and do not need rewards from adults to inspire learning.

Jean Piaget believed in both nature and nurture. He also believed that we would not be here if it were only one or the other because nature and nurture are both of what makes us who we are not one or the other.

Benefits of Studying Cognitive Learning

The benefits of cognitive learning is that it is a form of learning that may be quite active, constructive, and lasting. It engages students within the finding out processes, teaching them to use their brains additional with efficiency to form connections once finding out new things.

This variety of finding out may be an effective chance to the standard classroom approach. rather than that specialize in committal to memory, psychological feature mastering builds on past data. Students find out how to form connections and replicate at the material—abilities that assist them find yourself higher learners.

Nature likewise as nurture will have an effect on the kids' development. There are numerous elements that confirm the event of a toddler. numerous theories which are projected by using men of technological know-how are wont to justify the technique of kid development. Berndt (1992) said due to the impact of the biological makeup of a person for the duration of development. Supported Kail’s (2010, p. 135) study, “research shows that constant biology has an effect on one's mental areas, all with temperament, capacity, psychological disorders, and perspective and interests”, inside which these characteristics are allotted by having maximum human beings near the center and a tiny low range at the tip of the time. Kail (2010) highlighted that the dispersion of the characteristics indicates similarities, which can be a pattern shown as a result of the combined hobby of diverse genes. this means that the genotypes are every now and then related to 2 (or normally three) well-describe.


Jean Piaget (1896–1980) is every other degree theorist who studied childhood improvement ([link]). Going in the other direction of improvement from a psychoanalytical or psychosocial perspective, Piaget focused on kids’ cognitive growth. He believed that the thought process is a central difficulty of development and that little ones are simply inquisitive. However, he stated that children do not reason the same as adults (Piaget, 1930, 1932). His idea of cognitive improvement holds that our cognitive skills increase through precise stages, which exemplifies the discontinuity method to improvement. As we develop to a new degree, there is a top-notch shift in how we think and cause.

After a few years of observation, Piaget concluded that intellectual development is the end result of the interplay of hereditary and environmental factors. As the kid develops and constantly interacts with the world round him, understanding is invented and reinvented. According to psychologist, the best level of psychological feature development is formal operational thought, that develops between eleven and twenty years previous. However, several biological process psychologists trouble psychologist, suggesting a fifth stage of psychological feature development, referred to as the postformal stage (Basseches, 1984; Commons & Bresette, 2006; Sinnott, 1998). In postformal thinking, selections are created supported things and circumstances, and logic is integrated with feeling as adults develop principles that rely upon contexts. a technique used to show the distinction between an adult in postformal thought and a teenager in formal operations is in terms of however they handle showing emotion charged problems.

It looks that when we tend to reach adulthood our downside determination skills change: As we commit to solve issues, we tend to tend to suppose additional deeply concerning several areas of our lives, like relationships, work, and politics (Labouvie-Vief & Diehl, 1999). along with this, postformal thinkers are able to conclude that past experiences to assist them solve new issues. Problem-solving methods mistreatment postformal thought vary, counting on things. What will this mean? Adults will acknowledge, as an example, that what looks to be a perfect resolution to a haul at work involving a disagreement with a colleague might not be the most effective solution to a disagreement with a big alternative.


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  17. Influence of Nature Versus Nurture on Child Development | Bartleby. (2020). Retrieved 15 February 2020, from
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Analytical Essay on Cognitive Development: Jean Piaget and Nature Versus Nurture. (2022, July 14). Edubirdie. Retrieved December 8, 2023, from
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