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Behavioral Psychology Essays

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Why People Might Do Harm to Others

After the events of the Second World War, the world was left in disbelief as to why or how so many seemingly ordinary people, were capable of committing such terrible crimes, excusing their actions and behavior as ‘following orders’. Psychologists sought to understand why people would act in the way that they did, but also how it happened on such a large scale. Shortly after the end of World War II, Nevitt Sanford and a small team of psychologists, including...
2 Pages 963 Words

Using the Humanistic Approach to Learning

There are different theories that explore the different ways in which we learn. However, there is not a set way that anyone learns. Moreover, there is a mix of different theories in which everyone learns. In this essay, using the humanistic approach to learning, I will explain how being motivated through grades, feedback, and pay has helped me and how it can be used in educational practice today. Humanism is “a paradigm that developed in the 1960s and it focuses...
3 Pages 1534 Words

Theories of Prosocial Behavior

Prosocial behavior occurs when people act to benefit others rather than themselves. So basically, prosocial conduct is described as acting in a way that benefits others or society as a whole. Prosocial behavior may come in many aspects, like helping others in need, comforting, sharing personal resources, and cooperating with others to achieve some common goals. Feeling empathy and concern for others and behaving in a way to help others are the behaviors that can be describe under prosocial. The...
2 Pages 820 Words

Role of the Accumulation of Adverse Childhood Experiences in the Health of Adults

Evidence from a rising number of epidemiological and neurobiological studies show that adverse childhood experience (ACE) such as abuse, neglect and related adverse experiences show long lasting impacts on brain function and physical health, resulting in a predisposition to physical and mental health disorders throughout their lives. Community surveys from Europe and worldwide show the great prevalence of physical (22.9%), mental (29.1%) and sexual (9.6%) abuse in addition to physical (16.4%) and emotional neglect (18.3%) (Sethi et al., 2013) within...
6 Pages 2950 Words

Advantages and Disadvantages of Returning to Education as an Adult

In this essay I am going to explain and analyze the benefits and drawbacks of returning to education as an adult. I propose that there are more positives than negatives. Starting with the negatives, listed in order of significance: stress time, social differences in thinking (due to age, maturity, etc.), and finances. The positives (also listed in order of significance) include: more life experience, employment outlook and skin in the game. Beginning with the dilemma of stress and juggling responsibilities....
1 Page 679 Words

Social Facilitation, Social Learning and Obedience to Authority within Educational Development

Social psychology is the study of people’s emotions, including their thoughts, behaviors and how they are influenced by actual, imagined or implied presence of others. Social psychology can be used within educational development to further develop the understandings of social facilitation, social learning and obedience to authority. Social facilitation is the question of whether the presence of others has the ability to improve an individual’s performance, whereas social inhibition is the question of whether individuals decrease within performance within the...
2 Pages 1010 Words

Religiosity as a Determinant for Prosocial Behavior

Prosocial behavior, or behaviors intended to help other people, is a research area for psychologists seeking to understand what motivates and under what contexts people engage in these behaviors. Religion is a phenomenon that is present in every culture, and most have an aspect of prosociality. Many religions have dominating notions of sharing, donating, and helping others support the image of righteousness. However, this may not be a universal phenomenon, as the relationship between religiosity and prosociality sometimes have contradictory...
1 Page 604 Words

Prosocial Behaviour Increases Happiness

Do you have some spare change or extra time on your hands? If so, deciding to spend it on someone else might make you happier than spending it on yourself. The following literature review addresses that topic: the effects of prosocial behavior on people’s happiness in light of three scientific articles. Simply put, the first article focusses on how spending money on others promotes happiness; the second shows that spending money on strong social ties increases happiness more; in the...
3 Pages 1365 Words

Media Influence on Young Adults and Their Identity

We live in a society where people, especially young adults, are constantly striving to be original. Many go so far as to denounce the original, classifying it as ‘mainstream’, while those perpetrating unoriginal acts are deemed as ‘posers’. Whether we like to admit it or not, we live in a society where almost every aspect of our lives is somehow influenced by mass media. One area that is particularly affected by media is self-image. Many people form their own standard...
3 Pages 1449 Words

Humanistic and Psychodynamic Approaches in Understanding Psychological Distress

Psychological distress is a feeling or emotion which arises when external events or circumstances exert demands on an individual, who is unable to manage and is overwhelmed. Unpleasant thoughts and feelings influence a person’s level of functioning, which can lead to unfavorable opinions on his or her surroundings and daily activities. Unhappiness, anxiety, being distract, etc., are symptoms of psychological distress. The humanistic and psychodynamic approaches are fundamental in understanding human behavior. Psychodynamic theory, mostly associated with Sigmund Freud, explains...
4 Pages 1708 Words

Conformity and Obedience to Authority as Examples of Group Influence

Societies, groups, authorities, conformity, and nonverbal communication. Where we believe we stand within all those are usually far from the truth, however no one will admit to conforming because society now promotes individuality and uniqueness. What most aren’t aware of is the influence groups cause. Groups change the way a person thinks, react, and make decisions. Group Pressure Many factors come into group pressure. Social interaction, for example, is a daily dilemma every person faces. Social interaction is how a...
2 Pages 715 Words

Comparison of the Behaviorist and Humanistic Approaches

This assignment is going to compare and contrast behaviorism and the humanistic theory and find the differences in two different theories out of the four main theories. Also, there is an understanding on what the theories are and how they are used in present day. Behaviorism is a theory of learning based on the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Conditioning occurs through interaction with the environment. Behaviorists believe that our responses to environmental stimuli shape our actions....
2 Pages 846 Words

Behaviorism and the Humanistic Approach in Understanding Human Behavior

Using two psychological theories of behaviorism and humanistic, in this essay I will analyze how well they explain human behavior. It is difficult to pinpoint exactly when the study of psychology started, however, in ancient Greek times where philosophers would sit and debate topics of human thoughts and behaviors, this might be evidence of the earlier studies. Although the evaluation of behaviorism and humanistic theories will be covered, it is important to remember that there are many more approaches. A...
5 Pages 2088 Words

Addiction in the Context of Behavioral and Humanistic Approaches

According to the World Health Organization ‘health’ is described as “a state of complete mental, physical and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease”. The word ‘illness’ is defined by the Cambridge English dictionary as being “a disease or period of sickness that affects the body or mind”. These definitions will be used to explain health and illness through a psychological perspective and distinguish how addiction has impacts on a person’s day-to-day life. Addiction is a social and...
2 Pages 898 Words

Child and Adult Interaction: Discursive Essay

The way a teacher interacts with a student is important in every child’s life. Teachers have to be willing to be fair and to show equality, not just one kid should get something over another student. It’s either all or none of the students. Having a respectful tone of voice allows the child to be able to trust you as their teacher. Building a bond helps communicate with a child that the teacher is there to teach them and to...
2 Pages 978 Words

Critical Essay on Juveniles Being Tried as Adults

Age is just a number. This is a saying that has transpired through time, taking on new meanings every time it is used. It has gone from describing an age difference in a relationship to justifying actions where age is involved. But for some things, age is not just a number. In fact, age may be the biggest ally someone has against the death penalty. But how does one decide how age is used within our systems? In the juvenile...
4 Pages 1865 Words

Significance of Milgram's Study of Obedience for Social Psychology

Hogg and Vaughan (2017) have observed that “social psychology offers a special perspective on human behavior”. Undoubtedly, studies have shown that it is within human behavior to be influenced by the presence of others. Milgram’s ‘Behavioral Study of Obedience’ (1963), highlights in particular the impact of social roles on behavior, i.e., obedience. Obedience can be defined as “the act or practice of obeying” (Collins English Dictionary, 2012). During World War II, it was estimated that around 6 million Jews were...
1 Page 634 Words

Influence of Situational Factors on Obedience

Situational variables are depicted in a variety of ways for example they will often form an external explanation for obedience (when a person obeys an authority figure). In this paper I will carefully outline several situational variables that form a base for obedience, including location and uniform. A situational variable is often thought of as the catalyst for obedience, one of the most significant variables discovered in Milgram’s research was the idea of uniform having a massive turning point on...
2 Pages 913 Words

Character Analysis of Neil Perry from 'Dead Poets Society'

Disobedience often deems an individual as an aggressive revolutionist, an independent leader, or a rebellious outsider. The context of one’s obedience—or lack thereof—determines how the majority will see them. Whether acting out and defying expectations can be defined as audacious and reckless behavior or valiant and courageous, is in the eye of the beholder. Impulsively disobeying and blindly obeying are equally destructive in society. Mankind has always endeavored to understand the complexities of the human mind. For centuries psychologists and...
3 Pages 1263 Words

Essay about Obedience

Ever since we were children, we have been obeying a higher authority and conforming to what society wants us to believe. Growing up, we have been obeying some form of a higher power, whether it’s our parents, teachers, or guardians because that’s what society has been telling us to do throughout our childhood. When someone is being obedient, their listening to someone else that has some power over them, it could be one person being the highest authority over a...
4 Pages 1605 Words

Factors Affecting Person's Obedience

The main factor that influences obedience is ‘situation’. There are some other less significant factors which when combined, make obedience more likely. The situation can present obstacles to ethical decision-making. The current evidenced influential factors are nuanced and complex. There has been vast psychological research and literature since World War II on obedience, which will be analyzed and evaluated below. Obedience Obedience is to comply with an order from a person of higher status in a perceived hierarchy it is...
4 Pages 1995 Words

Can Obedience Lead to Corruption and Evil Actions?

Obedience, the idea that one should comply to the rules or wishes of another person or idea, along with its counterpart discipline, has been thought of throughout history to be the foundation of harmony and cooperation between individuals and society. According to Erich Fromm, a psychoanalyst and philosopher who studied Freud and Marx, “obedience is a virtue, while disobedience is a vice” (Behrens & Rosen, 574). In more recent times, psychologists have been asking if obedience can lead to corruption...
4 Pages 1692 Words

Juveniles Should not Be Tried as Adults: Essay

Convicting the Youth: Making a Worse Future The United States is one of the few countries where minors can be transferred from the juvenile court system to the adult court system. When working with juveniles, the question tends to revolve around knowing right from wrong. The legal system wants to know at what age can they assume children have fully developed their moral compasses. However, the problem is that there isn’t a definite answer to this question. Children learn at...
5 Pages 2250 Words

Issues Regarding Adult Obesity

One century ago, obesity was scarce. Today people all around the world are gaining weight, in America, over 35 percent of adults are currently suffering from obesity or overweight, it has become a serious problem in many countries. Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive consumption of food and lack of physical activity. Obese people consume more energy than the usual consumption of energy that what we really need. You can prevent obesity by changing your diet...
3 Pages 1318 Words

The Occurrence of Obesity Among Adults

Obesity among adults is a rampant problem worldwide. Being obese means a person has an excessive accumulation of body fat. It can be very dangerous and even life threatening to some. It’s not just being fat. Obesity is a major contributor to preventable, fatal diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and more. All of these diseases could have more than likely been prevented if said person took better care of himself or herself. People are consuming too...
2 Pages 1051 Words

Effect of Obesity on Perceived Affordances among Adults: Visual Guidance for Stair Climbing

Introduction The term affordance was introduced by the ecological psychologist James Gibson (1979) to describe the interactions between an actor and an object as action possibilities with respect to the actor. Nowadays, affordance-based design (ABD) is widely utilized to improve usability, minimize human errors and decrease their associated risks (Maier & Faded, 2009). The applications are in the fields of forensic science (Hartman, Whetsel Borzendowski, & Campbell, 2019), user interface design, artificial intelligence (Mi, Tang, Deng, Görner, & Zhang, 2019),...
4 Pages 1855 Words
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