Big Bang Theory Proofs
In stars the nuclei of Hydrogen and Helium is fused into heavier elements. It is also believed that the relative high abundance of Hydrogen Helium and Lithium is because they were all created during the Big Bang by something known as Big Bang Nucleosynthesis.
Elements heavier than Lithium are all synthesised in a star (Wollack, 2010) that means that the first three elements of the periodic table (Hydrogen, Helium and Lithium) were all synthesised before the stars were made which means that they could only have been produced when the Big Bang happened. It takes nearly 10 million years to burn through all the Hydrogen in a star and then a further 1 million years in order to turn all the Helium into heavier elements up until Iron (Refer to Figure 1) (Jones, 2019) this massive time frame does not fit into the creation theory which deals with thousands of years not millions of years. On the other hand though Physicist Lawrence Krauss notes that it takes 100 000 years for Carbon to burn into Oxygen, then 10 000 for Oxygen to burn into Silicon then 1 day for Silicon to burn into Iron and collapse the star (Jones, 2019) this does fit in a bit more with the creation theory but is still too large a time frame for the creation theory to deal with. There are eight physical processes involved in stellar nucleosynthesis Burbidge et al., 1957). However only one process gives us a time scale. The s process is a process of neutron capture that emits gamma radiation (Burbidge et al., 1957). This takes place over a long time scale ranging from ~100 years to ~105 years for each neutron capture (Burbidge et al., 1957, pg 5). This mode of synthesis is responsible for the production of the majority of the isotopes with an atomic mass in the range of 23 ≤ A ≤ 46 and for a considerable proportion of the isotopes with an atomic mass in the range 63 ≤ A ≤ 209 (Burbidge et al., 1957). The isotopes that the s process produces are Ne22, Na23, and P31.
Redshift is the displacement of the spectrum of an astronomical object toward longer (red) wavelengths. (Augustyn et al., 2019). It is generally attributed to the Doppler effect, a change in wavelength that results when a given source of waves (light or radio waves) and an observer are in rapid motion with respect to each other. (Augustyn et al., 2019). Redshift shows that the universe is expanding at an ever increasing rate (Drayer, 2016). This was observed by Edward Hubble in the 1920’s when he used the 100-inch Hooker telescope in southern California to observe the Andromeda galaxy. (Study.com, 2019). According to the Big Bang Theory the universe used to be a hot sludge of plasma too hot for atoms to be made but the ever expanding of the universe cooled the plasma down below the ~3000K mark which allowed atoms to be formed but in the instant before the plasma cooled it let out a massive amount of energy in the form of orange light that travels across the universe forever but the expansion of the universe redshifted the orange light into infrared over the course of a few million years (PBS Space Time, 2015) and then eventually to microwave wavelengths. This radiation is now called the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMB) Redshift can be calculated by the formula z = (λobserved – λrest)/λrest where z is the redshift value (Lco.global, 2019) so for example if we were to take a wavelength of 400nm and we observed it at 500nm using that formula we get:
z = (500 – 400)/400
z = 0.25
Since the z value is 0.25 the light source has been travelling for 2.916 billion years and is now 3.620 billion light years away (Lco.global, 2019). To calculate the redshift of the CMB we will need to use another formula since we don’t know the original wavelength of the CMB. This formula is: z=Original TempCurrent Temp (Evans, 2015) where the temperature is in Kelvin (K). Using this we get the equation:
This means that according to the scale used earlier with that the time for the light to be redshifted this much is around 13.7996 Billion years which is about when the CMB is thought to be created. A creation view of redshift is that the galaxies that are outside our galactic group have redshifts one one side of the nucleus and blueshift of the other side indicating that the galaxy is spinning and the speed at which it is spinning close to the nucleus is slower than the speed on the outside and that the rotational speed at the outside of the galaxy is too fast for the galaxy to hold itself together and after around a 100 million years (Hartnett, 2015). This means that the creation view of only having a universe of around 6000 years old fits in. If the galaxies were to hold themselves together they would need a halo of dark matter to keep them stable for the tens of billions of years that they have existed in the Big Bang Theory (Hartnett, 2015).
Most of the sources found were made by atheists who believe the Big Bang theory therefore there is little evidence for the creation theory in the research found. The only source that gives a creation view on the topics discussed is unreliable as it biased because taking a look at the sources of the article reveals that the author has cited his own work to prove his points which means the source is unreliable. The sources that are by the atheists don’t give any view into the creation side of things or don’t show ways that their research is wrong or can’t be proven.
BIG BANG THEORY The Big Bang is a hypothesis of how the cosmos began, which then created the stars and galaxies that we see today. The Big Bang is the term used by physicists for the most popular explanation of the universe from the very early stages to the present day. The universe started as a very hot, thin, and dense super force (the combination of the four fundamental forces), with no stars, atoms, shape, or structure. Instead space grew...
The origin of everything is important and worth knowing. You will know where, when and how everything around us began and formed. Where exactly did it all start?. When did this happen?. How did this happen?. Most people say that Big Bang Theory is the beginning of everything. Is it true that the origin of all is the Big Bang Theory that happened in n unexpected time?. Are there any other answers where is everything started that science couldn’t explain....
The Big Bang Theory is an American sitcom by three exclusive creators Steven Molaro, Bill Prady, and Chuck Loree. It is called a sitcom because they shot it in live spectators setting; the series has a total of two hundred and seventy-nine episodes all in twelve seasons.. The last episode of the series was released in May this year. It has five key actors and actresses and other supporting characters. The primary focus in the series will be on one...
We all live on a beautiful universe surrounded by beautiful stars and galaxies, but how did this happen. This will lead us to the Big Bang theory, that happened billions of years ago and created this beautiful universe. According to my knowledge about Big bang is the oldest theory that took place many years ago, it was a Cosmo that contained fundamental particles of electrons, protons, and neutrons and it exploded into the space and created this beautiful universe. Big...
The whole universe is expanding in all directions; however, everything was closer together 13.8 billion years ago and at one point all the galaxies converged to a single point (Howell, E. 2017). It is said that the universe has expanded to get as large as it is now, and that it will continue to expand. When the universe started as one point, it was just hot, light and energy combined with miniature particles. Nothing like what we see now as...
What is the big bang? The Big Bang Theory was introduced in 1927 by George Lemaitre. The theory explains that over 13.8 billion years ago the world started at one small point, then it started to expand and stretch. The size of the small point continued to enlarge until it became known as earth. What evidence is there to support this theory on the origins of the universe? In 1929, after The Big Bang Theory was introduced a scientist named...
It has been theoretically calculated that the Universe would have originated from a single mass of about 13.798 ± 0.037 billion years ago. This single mass suddenly exploded and the fragmented particles flying in all directions as a result of this explosion formed stars, planets, and galaxies. This theory that explains the formation of the universe due to the explosions of a single mass is known as the Big bang theory. To begin with, there are major pieces of evidence...
There are thousands and thousands of explanations on how the universe was created or formed; the most popular one being – The Big Bang Theory. Although there are thousands of explanations, I will only be going over three. The three theories are: 1.) The Big Bang Theory, 2.) The Steady State Theory, and 3.) Creationism. First I explain these three theories in my own words, so that way you can understand them. After I explain them I will then go...
New scientific theories are developed every day all around the world. For these theories to be accepted and recognised, it must go through a range of different testing. This testing allows for the theory to bring more facts which therefore bring more evidence and the more evidence you have from tests the more strength your theory holds. However, there may still be resistance to new scientific theories. This may be because of religious bias and belief, conflict of interest, lack...
01 / 09
Fair Use Policy
EduBirdie considers academic integrity to be the essential part of the learning process and does not support any violation of the academic standards. Should you have any questions regarding our Fair Use Policy or become aware of any violations, please do not hesitate to contact us via email@example.com.
We are here 24/7 to write your paper in as fast as 3 hours.