This research topic is about what are blood donation motivation, barriers and the eligible target market
Australian Red Cross Blood Donation administration was established in Victoria in 1929. At present, association budgetary is supported by the legislatures of Australia which incorporate the majority of the states and regions. Red Cross Blood administration center around the administration of blood donation with organ and bone marrow for transplantation
Demographic patterns influence size and age structure of the population. One of the outcomes will be an expanding requirement for blood items to treat age-related illnesses. Donation administrations depend on intentionality and beneficent inspiration. It may be addressed whether there will be adequate blood supply with deliberate donation. The present investigation concentrated on elicitation of inclinations for incentives and intended to add to the exchange on the best way to expand donation rates.
The Australian Red Cross Blood Service (ARCBS) gathers around 1.4 million blood donation every year. A large portion of this is utilized to help individuals with ailments that require blood or blood items routinely. For instance, 34 percent of given red cells are utilized to help treat individuals with malignant growth and blood ailments, for example, hemophilia.
Restorative analysts likewise need donated blood so as to grow new medications for some ailments, for example, blood clusters, heart attack, stroke and cancer.
Around eight out of every 10 Australians will encounter a blood-related health complication sooner or later in their lives. Blood clumps can cause heart attack or stroke, and blood cancer growths, (for example, lymphomas or leukemia) make up around 15 percent of tumors in Australia. New medicines for these hazardous conditions rely upon restorative research.
Research scientists need donated blood to explore the reasons for blood-related infections including:
Anti-clotting enzymes – ordinarily, specific proteins help to separate and expel blood clots from the circulation system. Understanding this procedure may grow new medications forever undermining blood clots
Platelet adhesion – exploring the synthetic substances that reason platelets to stick to vein ,can help decide why dangerous conditions like stroke happen
Blood undeveloped cells – these make blood parts, for example, red platelets, white platelets and platelets. Breaking down undeveloped cells are thought to cause blood-related sicknesses, for example, leukemia. Researching foundational microorganism capacities can prompt better medications
Myeloma – this is a malignant growth of the plasma cells in bone marrow. Given blood is utilized to test the viability of new medications
Characteristics of current target audiences
Ages to Australian donors
The data (Figure. 4) obtained below from WHO (2011) we can see that, in Australia the percentage of donation from donors between the age of (18-24) is 12.83% whereas people between the age of (25-44) donated 31.04% of blood in Australia people in the category of (45-65) donated 45.11% of blood. This clearly shows that youth is not participating in blood donation or maybe is not aware of the benefit’s that one donation can cause to the sick person, age between (25-44) is considered as adults and the percentage of blood donation is here is good compared to the young audience.
Gender of Australian donors
WHO gender distribution of blood donors (Figure. 5), 50.1% donor was male and 49.9% was female which shows the gender not a factor that affect donors’ decision making.
From the above data it can be clearly seen that the young generation has a great chance to become long-term donors. Confidence and self-actualisation are the main two stages of Maslow’s progressive system of requirements. Youthful ages are eager about regard and uncommon sentiment from companions (McDonald, Patterson, White, Butow and Bell, 2014-2015). Teenagers will in general demonstrate their distinction with different individuals from the group. Extraordinary and surprise behaviour conduct could be proof of their brave and mindful. On the opposite side, Young ages dependably hold a wary attitude to new issues despite the fact that they need to substantiate themselves. Long thought will deliver assortment of motivations to keep their orignal opinion.
Channels of communication
for this target segment the Red Cross should consider all the channels of promotions to attract target audiences. Social media, Poster in Billboard and bus station, Broadcast (television and radio), Sports and fashion magazine, video web and word of mouth. All the promotions should publish same information in the same period.
Basically, the Australian Red Cross Blood Service need enough influence on press media and customary media. Most campaigns rely upon web based life to motivate individuals, however, the effect of conventional promotion still influence a great many people’s lives, particularly the lifetime of data is short in the platform of social media .
Furthermore, data about social life channels ought to be transferred and changed consistently. Red Cross Blood Service needs to convey larger part of resources into a similar campaign or action rather than seprating them into various projects .
Ultimately, the human cerebrum will express blameworthy and compassion feeling when they realize someone is enduring (Trevithick, 2014). Be that as it may, this inclination is a sort of impermanent impulse which will vanish as times passes by. On different sides, the human mind will help human to delay their choice if their conduct will hurt them (Bubandt and Willerslev, 2015)
- Changing focus from social media to traditional media will increase more awareness because still traditional media is used widely
- Approaching middle age people to donate blood will not affect in the amount of blood donation as young
The objective of the research
- To make the young audience aware of the benefits of donating blood
- Encouraging More participation in donation,
- To determine the most effective communication channel to reach out target audience
When asked to the people Some of the Barriers for blood donation, that came up were-
Time and Convenience: the simplicity of getting to a donor focus or portable unit, finding the time to give and the time it takes to make an entire blood donation were ordinarily revealed obstructions to giving once more.
In this way, it’s generally simply time, and not necessary time in the seat, simply getting to the spot. The whole experience.
(Male, current rare donor, matured 24)
Arrangement adaptability and opening times: donors who worked unpredictable hours or move work thought that it was less advantageous to give blood as they couldn’t book arrangements ahead of time and couldn’t make it to a donor centr amid opening times.
All things considered, being a casual worker … it’s either the prior night or 6.00 am on the morning whether I’m working or not. So regularly, there’s been times when you think, well, I have a free day and I can’t get an arrangement at my preferred centre … .There’s a presumption everybody can see seven days ahead, which I can’t really. That is one obstruction.
(Female, s rare donor, age 55)
Motivation of donors
“Value and moral duty”; “Positive feeling and esteem”; “Self-benefits and external reasons”. Those 3 factors were come up by Karacan, Cengiz Seval, Aktan, Ayli and Palabiyikoglu (2013). Meanwhile, Misje, Bosnes, Gåsdal and Heier (2005) argue that 5 reasons may motivate people to become a donors which are empathy and altruism; people’s social influence; self‐esteem improvement; positive impression relates with the donation; and moral obligation to donate.
Based on the literature review What encourages a person to give blood? Answers to this inquiry make it workable for blood accumulation agencies to figure out which people are probably going to be new donors and empower to make forecasts of planned donors. The components that influence a person’s choice to give blood is an accumulation of a person’s particular recognizable attributes, for example, socio-demographic elements and inconspicuous qualities, for example, the level of charitableness. So as to encourage the procedure of change to non-compensated donation, it is basic to look at and understand donor conduct. As indicated by some examination discoveries, donor gender, place of birth, occupation and knowledge about donation as well as such social attitudes as such social demeanors as wellbeing related, auxiliary and social-monetary incentives.
- Karacan, E., Cengiz Seval, G., Aktan, Z., Ayli, M., & Palabiyikoglu, R. (2013). Blood donors and factors impacting the blood donation decision: Motives for donating blood in a Turkish sample. Transfusion and Apheresis Science, 49(3), 468-473. doi:10.1016/j.transci.2013.04.044
- McDonald, F. E. J., Patterson, P., White, K. J., Butow, P., & Bell, M. L. (2015;2014;). Predictors of unmet needs and psychological distress in adolescent and young adult siblings of people diagnosed with cancer. Psycho‐oncology, 24(3), 333-340. doi:10.1002/pon.3653
- World Health Organization. 2011. Gender distribution of blood donors. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/worldblooddonorday/media/blood_donors_gender_distribution_2011.pdf
- Australia Red Cross Blood Service Annual Report. 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.donateblood.com.au/sites/default/files/Annual-Report-2017-2018.pdf