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Coaching Psychology And Its Tasks

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Coaching Psychology Is a type of service that people can access and get professional help for if they feel that they may need the help to have a happier and healthier lifestyle. Coaching Psychology focuses on the positive aspects of ones life, and is based on ones positive and strengths and looks at ways that you can utilise these strengths to make an individuals feel more content about life, achieve goals and become more prosperous. Within Coaching

Psychology there are also different approaches, such as the humanistic, solution focused and motivational interviewing approaches. This essay will discuss why these three different coaching psychology approaches exist. The humanistic coaching approach focuses on the assumption that people can grow and develop. Motivational Coaching looks at trying to increase the intrinsic motivation for the coachee which in turn hopefully will help with behavioural motivation. And the solution focused approach, as in its name suggests, helping the individual to find a solution to the problem rather than focusing on the problem too much.

The Solution Focused approach as mentioned above will help the coachee find a solution and will put emphasis on focusing on the strengths of an individual rather than the weaknesses. Rather than trying to resolve the problem directly, the coach will put importance on the coaches skills, knowledge and experiences. The role of the coach is to make the coachee feel empowered and confident in oneself, which will In turn help the coachee find and execute solutions which will help them. The coach will try and help the client by teaching them techniques hoping that the coachee will use these techniques to their own benefit. There is an emphasis on ‘‘Solution Seeking’ rather than ‘Problem Solving’’ The historical influences of the solution focused approach include, John Weakland, Alfred Adler, and Milton Erikson. There does not appear to be a single founder where this approach originates from, however it did originate from Family therapy. Developed by a group of therapists working in a therapy centre in the USA in the 1980s, the leaders of this group were Steve de Shazer and Insoo Kim Berg. Family members would often argue about problems and who was to blame for the problems, this would then in turn make family members defensive about themselves, which would lead to the members of the family incompetent and unable to make the personal changes needed to sort the problems. Because of this the team of therapists decided to do a different technique and make the family members focus on what the solutions and the situation would look like if things improved. It was discovered that when the families were asked to focus on the more positive aspect, a better progress was made, so as the family focused more on the solutions, more problems were actually solved. From then, solution focused coaching has a vast following and is used by many practitioners for their individuals and groups including: education, mental health, and sexual trauma.

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On a whole solution focused coaching is a very minimalist and simple principle. It follows Occam’s principle which states that ‘it is vain to do with more what can be achieved with fewer’. A strategy built upon this will be more likely to be helpful to the coachee than bringing about something that may seem foreign to the individual, as SFC is focused on the own individual’s strengths and qualities. Some of the assumptions in SFC coaching are: Helping the clients establish solutions with little or no analysis of the problems. People have competencies and resources that they are sometimes not aware of. Clients already have many ideas about their preferred futures, and are also carrying out helpful actions in the present day. The focus is on the present and the preferred future, although the past is important as this is where we have learnt from our mistakes and successes. It is also not essential to understand the causes of problems although sometimes it can be helpful –

Looking for a reason behind the problem can lead to searching for something or someone to blame which is what this approach wants to avoid. Through the eye of the coach, the tasks of a SF coach does not assume that they know exactly how to fix the coachee’s problems, instead of doing this they will help their coachee on learning how to succeed when things have gone right, this will be done by focusing and building upon the coachees existing set of strategies they use to solve problems rather than introducing something that the coachee is not familiar with. The coach understands that ‘one size fits all’ does not work for most people. The coach must also have a positive outlook and explore the different paths for a preferred future is essential, this also means that the coach should be cost and time efficient. The coach’s role is not to provide solutions to help the coachee but more so being a facilitator who asks questions instead of providing answers. The questions that SF coaches ask are open ended which requires the coachee to give a detailed answer which then the coach can ask further questions. An example of a question would be ‘what are the differences that it would make to you when you achieve your goals’.

The key tasks for a solution focused coaching psychologist is to ask the client, or the coachee to focus on changing their short term goals into long term goals, managing to make exceptions for problems, looking at what resources they have (skills, strengths etc), the steps they need to take in order to succeed, strategies that need to be used to achieve progress. Coaches in this field see the coachee as the expert for their own lives.

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Coaching Psychology And Its Tasks. (2022, February 17). Edubirdie. Retrieved November 27, 2022, from https://edubirdie.com/examples/coaching-psychology-and-its-tasks/
“Coaching Psychology And Its Tasks.” Edubirdie, 17 Feb. 2022, edubirdie.com/examples/coaching-psychology-and-its-tasks/
Coaching Psychology And Its Tasks. [online]. Available at: <https://edubirdie.com/examples/coaching-psychology-and-its-tasks/> [Accessed 27 Nov. 2022].
Coaching Psychology And Its Tasks [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Feb 17 [cited 2022 Nov 27]. Available from: https://edubirdie.com/examples/coaching-psychology-and-its-tasks/
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