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Cosmetic Surgery as a Way to Improve a Person's Appearance: Pros and Cons

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Nowadays, physical appearance is marked as an essential part in our daily life. Men are attracted by beautiful women, women as well, are attracted by handsome, good-looking men. Therefore, many men and women are considering to make themselves look better by undergoing cosmetic surgery. Cosmetic surgery is known as a unique procedure for enhancing a person’s appearance through surgical and medical techniques. For instance, women undergo breasts enlargement while men often undergo nose jobs or face lifting. As a result, cosmetic surgery has become popular and has been accepted throughout the years. According to American Society of Plastic Surgery (ASPS), there is about 18 million people underwent invasive cosmetic procedures in the United State at year 2018 and it has been on the rise in the U.S. for the past 5 years. However, there’s still some criticisms about it. Cosmetic surgery is said as being a filter that covers up our natural beauty by achieve a better physical appearance. And also, it is unfair to treat people differently based on their looks. Meanwhile, people should aware of the consequences and the risks of undergoing the procedures. Therefore, cosmetic surgery should be banned.

According to the proponents of cosmetic surgery has helped people in many ways. Intuitively, most people seek cosmetic surgical procedure because they are not satisfied with their appearance. Over the past several decades, multiple research has demonstrated the importance of appearance in everyday life. With the enhanced appearance, people receive preferential treatment in interpersonal and social situations especially in work place. Most attractive people seem to surrounded by friends and are treated better compared to those who are less attractive. In terms of work place, attractive people such as higher chance of being hired and getting higher pay. Good-looking people tend to receive higher attention and have better chances in mating and studies showed that we often attribute connotations such as moral statue, productivity and intelligence of the people based on their physical appearances. By undergoing cosmetic surgery, it enhances one’s level of confidence and sense of vitality, which will automatically boost their self-esteem because they have the appearance that suits their preference. Furthermore, there is growing evidence to suggest that cosmetic surgery leads to measurable improvements in at least 3 areas of psychological functioning: depressive symptoms, quality of life, and body image.

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However, despite the few benefits highlighted above, there are some significant drawbacks that we should consider before undergoing these procedures. Firstly, we have to accept the fact that everyone is unique. The trend of cosmetic surgery has misled people into thinking that looks are more important. It is unfair to others by just treating them based on their physical appearance. Also, changing our looks is a form of cheating. There is a saying “True beauty lies in our personality”. Good looks fade in ages while character is far more important. By undergoing these procedures, we are giving ourselves an unfair advantage. In fact, there are many other ways that we can improve our looks rather than cosmetic surgery for example dressing smartly, removing acne, or even smiling and keeping a good posture will do as well. In addition, it is commonly known that cosmetic surgery is not so easily accessible to everyone. A single surgery procedure ranges from ten to hundreds of thousands. There is a report from American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) showing that American has spent nearly $16 billion on cosmetic procedure. Among the most popular cosmetic procedures are breast enlargement, liposuction and nose reshaping. Also, people often take loans towards cosmetic surgeries, which can lead to debts. Cosmetic surgery is defined as problematic procedure as it takes up too much time and resources of science medical personnel in spite of focusing on those urgent medical attention where millions are in need.

Moreover, we should be aware of the consequences of undergoing these cosmetic procedures. We should understand that sometimes mishap happens as well as the there are multiple risks of surgery failure. There are numerous health concerns that associated with cosmetic surgery procedures. The common cosmetic surgery complication includes blood lost, infection as well as seroma. Also, some people tend to get addicted to cosmetic surgery as they are constantly unsatisfied with their appearance or they did not get the outcome that they have expected after the surgery. This leads to an unrevealed mental health problem such as Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). Studies have should that patient with BDD often gets addicted by cosmetic surgery. They have a constant belief that they are ugly, unattractive and always not satisfied with their looks. These patients often have expectations towards the outcome of cosmetic surgery.

In short, cosmetic surgery may not be the smartest move for improving our appearance although it seems to have more positive aspects than the negative aspects. It is like a double-edged sword. Although cosmetic surgery can bring us the physical appearance that we desired, but it creates a false sense of confidence as well as it is an extremely expensive procedure points to its redundancy. We should learn to embrace our natural beauty rather than following the trend of beauty. And most importantly we should be aware of the consequences and the risks of surgical failure. Ultimately, real happiness is not depending on other people’s compliments about our looks, but the discovery of one’s identity and worth. One must remember, cosmetic surgery treats the symptoms, but not the cause.

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Cosmetic Surgery as a Way to Improve a Person’s Appearance: Pros and Cons. (2022, August 25). Edubirdie. Retrieved May 29, 2023, from
“Cosmetic Surgery as a Way to Improve a Person’s Appearance: Pros and Cons.” Edubirdie, 25 Aug. 2022,
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