The criminal investigation process, to a significant extent, balances the rights of victims, suspects, and society. The balance of rights within any criminal matter is paramount to ensuring the vital aspects of fairness, equity, and access are upheld within the contemporary Australian legal system. The procedures with regard to search and seizure, police powers, detention, and interrogation consolidate the notion that the criminal investigation process, to a significant extent, balances the rights of victims, suspects, and society. Protocols and procedures...
Technological advancement in the criminal investigation system. Technology is present everywhere in life and it became part of our life. Jobs related to criminal justice today involves GPS, advanced camera, robots, etc. all these technologies improve investigation system and made it easier. Some details about technologies are given below. Database & information exchange The computer database system is an important technology for criminal investigation systems. There are many database systems that deal with the profiling of criminals. They can also...
The effectiveness of the Criminal Investigation process as a means of reflecting the moral and ethical standards of society is debatable as it can be seen that although the law incorporates some standards, there is still room for improvement. The Criminal Investigation Process is a stage where investigation and detection are carried out, and evidence is gathered so offenders can be brought before a court. It also includes the elements of police powers, bail and remand, and reporting crime. These...
There are many investigative techniques used in a criminal investigation. Each technique is different in providing evidence that can be used in the courtroom to prove someone guilty or innocent. Some of these investigative techniques are intelligence databases, forensic techniques, profiling techniques, surveillance techniques, and interview techniques. The use of intelligence databases has been used in criminal investigations. This refers to information that has been obtained and recorded. This can be stored in a variety of different databases. One is...
The researchers studied the existing crime predictive and reporting tool used in Uganda police force to identify its strengths and weaknesses. A number of techniques and tools such as observation and interview guides as well as document reviews were employed by the researcher to acquire information that was used to give the basis for the design of the system. The researcher carried out face-to-face interviews with 4 managers in the directorate of criminal investigation (CID) whose age ranged from 18...
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Cloud computing involves potentially greater exposure to security threats and privacy breaches, since the cloud is based on the Internet and all the user’s resources are handed over to the cloud without any security during travel and rest. Because it is a vulnerable medium lots of investigation is needed when the crime is happened. Computer forensics has emerged in recent years as an important tool in the fight against crime. It is defined as the application of computer investigation and...
The purpose of criminal investigations in Wales has changed, where at one point its initiative was to bring criminal offenders to justice with the investigative section simply being about gathering evidence to assist in the prosecutions of these offenders, where now crime risks such as intelligence gathering, victim care, and community reassurance are seen just as vital (Stelfox, 2009). Forensic advancements over time have played a massive part in aiding criminal investigations in Wales. Examples of forensic advancements since the...
“Law and Order are primarily maintained by the police. The other parts of the legal and criminal justice system are less essential.” Discuss the extent to which this statement is true. The gradual modification of the Common Law system over the years has led to the creation of professional police as holders of criminal investigations in most criminal offenses, inaugurating the existence of a procedural phase prior to criminal activity. Recently, new reforms in the English criminal system have transferred...
Most people assume they were born this way, with the instinct to kill; but that’s not true, genetics, environment and trauma can all be factors in making a murderer. For example, most serial killers experience some sort of trauma as a child which can cause a huge impact in their adulthood. Different types of trauma can be linked to the 4 types of serial killers visionary, mission-oriented, hedonistic and power. Researcher Abbie Maroon worked with ex-FBI profiler Joe Navarro to...
Chromatography is the best technique for identifying different chemicals within a mixture. Rationale Forensic chemistry is the application of chemistry, forensic toxicology, in a legal setting. A forensic chemist can assist in the identification of unknown materials found at a crime scene. Forensic Chemists have a wide array of methods used to identify unknown substances including HPCL chromatography, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, atomic absorption spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and thin layer chromatography. These different types of methods is important due...
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a double stranded molecule made up of two chains that bend around each other forming a double helix. DNA carries the genetic/ hereditary material that makes us all unique, unless you are an identical twin. DNA was first discovered in the 1860s by Swiss chemist Johann Friedrich Miescher. Johann was researching the vital components of white blood cells, which is part of our body’s immune system. To test the cells, he decided to collect bandages from...