Cultural And Economic Background Of Child Labor In India
Child labor is illegally using children under the age of 17 to work in an industry or business. These labors tend to be dangerous to the ethical, social, physical, or mental development of a child. Additionally, work becomes an obstacle to a child’s right to education as working prevents the child’s ability to focus on school work. Children are often required to work long hours in dangerous conditions receiving very low pay and little protection causing illness.
Throughout history, children have been slaves and apprentices to complete tasks, particularly during the Industrial Revolution; the transition to new manufacturing processes in Europe and in the United States (Lumen Learning, The Industrial Revolution | Boundless US History). Children were quite useful as laborers considering they could fit into tiny spaces in mines and factories where adults could not fit due to their size, children were effortless to manipulate and most importantly, children could be paid less than adults for the same job. Countless children, from poor families, began working below the age of 7 in factories and coal mines. A child might work 12 to18 hours a day, 6 days a week, to earn a dollar at a factory job or in coal mines leaving them no time to play or go to school, and little time to rest. At times, children were turned over to a factory owner as parents could not support their children. Children often became sick due to the poor, dangerous conditions of labor as they were damp, dark and dirty. Later on, in the nineteenth century, several labor organizers attempted to restrict child labor and improve working conditions, however, it took a market crash to finally influence public opinion (Wikipedia, Child labour). Britain was the first to take action in improving child labor as they enforced a series of laws concerning shortening the working hours and improving working conditions, as well as, raised the age restriction at which children could work. This influenced other European countries and prompted them to adopted similar laws. Although such laws are still enforced nowadays, there are countries where child labor is still ongoing.
You might assume that child labor is banned yet it occurs every day around the world, even though we do not see it in operation. We tend to purchase child labor finished products, like t-shirts and other garments, which might have been made by a child in India who earned very low wages. These products would then have been sent to other countries where the company who owns the factory would have boosted the price up in order to make huge amounts of profit from selling each product. Another example of child labor involves the famous US footwear manufacturing company, Nike. Around the 1990s, Nike has been utilizing child labor to produce their shoes providing salaries thoroughly inferior the poverty level and seized to work overtime. Child labor is pretty common in underdeveloped countries such as African and Asian counties until today as many families are distressed and not able to support their children. These children usually work in the agricultural sector, such as fishing and, at farms plucking cotton and coffee beans.
India, in particular, is home to one of the most extensive child laborers in the world, holding over 60 million child laborers. It has been judged that nearly 30 percent of the world’s operating children are found in India. Child labor in India is chiefly due to poverty and lack of social security. As a situation, the working circumstances of the children are effectively unregulated and oftentimes are driven to work without food, receiving very low wages, resembling conditions of slavery. There are yet cases where children get physically, sexually and emotionally abused. All these struggles are due to the poor lifestyle of the Indian people. A significant real-life case of child labor in India concerns a 13-year-old Lakshmi girl who was kidnaped from her village in North-East India to work in people’s homes across West Delhi- cooking, cleaning and nurturing children in 2014. According to BBC News, the Lakshmi girl was handled very crudely; ‘I was not allowed to rest,’ she says. ‘If I did something wrong or it was not what they wanted, they hit me. If I wanted to sit down for a bit because I was so tired, they would scream at me. I was never allowed to leave the house, so I didn’t realize that I’m in Delhi. My employers told me that we are in Madras in South India.’ (Kannan, Child labour: India’s hidden shame). She also reveals to BBC News that she was sexually violated by the men who seized her and was threatened that if she told anyone about it, they would report it to everyone back home in her village and her honor would be destroyed. Certainly, there are laws imposed against abducting children, but, the law is uncertain on when they can legally work. Child labor law does not allow children to be operated beneath the age of 14, still, anyone under the age of 18 is legally considered a child. Furthermore, the government body in charge of children’s rights in India reveals they are incapable of helping; ‘Unfortunately our child labor prohibition and regulation act is totally outdated,’ says Kushal Singh, head of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights. ‘It says children below the age of 14 cannot be employed in hazardous occupations. Does that mean in non-hazardous occupations a two-year-old child can be employed? So obviously it’s a very regressive act. This issue has been raised and now an amendment is pending in the parliament. However, it has been pending for a very long time.’ Changing the laws will somewhat smoothen the fight against child exploitation. Now, whether or not child labor in India should be forbidden is a common question asked by many individuals. Genuinely speaking, those who consider emotion, particularly empathy, believe that child labor in India should be outlawed as it has rather more harms than benefits. Children are being treated harshly, working long hours in dangerous states earning extremely very low salaries which generates sickness. Additionally, extended working hours take away children’s education time that they could spend going to school, as well as, takes away their childhood since they have no time to play. Furthermore, it negatively affects their ethical, social, physical, and mental development. Notwithstanding child labor’s downsides, some may argue, based on reasoning, that child labor should not be banned as children working can help support their families since they are poor and suffering financially. Working children could accommodate their family with more money enabling their family to pay more bills, get out of debt, and have a genuine life. Further, it furnishes the opportunity to provide food and more suitable conditions to families, plus keeps children away from criminal organizations.
In conclusion, each and every individual has their own way of perceiving things in life, therefore, leading to different decision making. Those who use emotion to evaluate whether child labor in India should be banned do not consider the cultural and economic background regarding reasoning in their decision. While those who use reasoning tend not to consider the country’s interest and the rights of humans.
On a news article published on the CTV News Vancouver, John Horgan, who is the British Colombian’s Premier, said that he wouldn’t allow Transit operators’ union to continue causing more disruptions on service (CTV News, 2019). While talking in a gathering in Vancouver Island, Horgan said that the union, together with the Metro management, should engage in collective bargaining to solve the matter (CTV News, 2019). The union advised its members to down their tool until they get a better...
INTRODUCTION In Latin America, women face discrimination at all levels of employment and management. Some studies have concluded that Latin Americans, as compared to Europeans and North Americans, are more likely to put up with the fact that power is unequally distributed within companies. This creates an environment that encourages the acceptance of labor inequality between genders (Vergara, 2011). This research project attempts to understand women and their inclusion in the workplace, as well as the ways they are limited...
In our world today, women and men are moving towards equal representation in many areas, from working outside the home and childcare to small household responsibilities like cleaning and cooking. Marriage is a partnership that in order to work successfully needs compromise and consistency, and if the couple splits the household responsibilities and keeps true to their promise they can easily create a stress free home environment. Through an interview with my mother Laureen, I was able to hear first...
ABSTRACT My research is all about child labor in Pakistan. What is Child Labor? And what is the price of child labor in Pakistan. Mainly children work in small ages because of their family’s poor economic condition. Also there is no concept of education. As the child grows, their parent thinks he should work for some money, so that they can live and eat. Also according to government research, there are average 8 persons in the home of child’s who...
Throughout history and as history has been studied, women’s labor is constantly overlooked. Whether it be European Americans, Native Americans, African Americans, or any other variation of person, it seems that men’s labor is always more appreciated and always given more attention when being studied. Whether or not a majority of people have learned about it, women’s history was an influential part of history, and it has been analyzed to an extent. Three major groups of women, the European American...
When reaching out to the Medical field for any type of health issues the patient expects the unsurpassed quality of care possible, but how is that possible in today’s society if we have a labor and skill shortage within our healthcare systems? The shortage of labor and skills are a compliance issue that are frequently happening. These shortages range from anything in between certified nursing assistants to doctors. The labor and skill shortage within the hospital systems across the nation...
Introduction Globalization has become an important and frequently asked question in the field of international relations which gets no response. It appears that globalization is an ill-defined concept which means different terms to diverse people (Hurrell & Woods, 1995). Above all, the general term that I know globalization to be is “the continuous interconnectedness of people through communication, transportation, trade and ICT. Similarly, “globalization” is coined as “a process aimed at improving international movement of goods, services, labor, and capital”...
There is a consistent pattern that if you have more flexible terms of work, then you are less secure. And this is the problem in nowadays world. Employers want to attract employees with such new types of “flexible contracts”, and employees agree because they can work almost as they like, but they all forget about social security. As for now, we need to find a way how to find that perfect balance between flexible work forms and employee’s security. Flexible...
Abstract The labor market is the market in which workers are assigned to jobs and employment decisions are organized. For about 150 million employees in the United States and about 8 million employers, thousands of career choices, recruiting, firing, benefits, and innovation decisions have to be made and planned every day. This paper offers a description of what the labor market is doing and how it operates. After seeing how labor market procurement and sales sides are structured at a...
01 / 09
Fair Use Policy
EduBirdie considers academic integrity to be the essential part of the learning process and does not support any violation of the academic standards. Should you have any questions regarding our Fair Use Policy or become aware of any violations, please do not hesitate to contact us via firstname.lastname@example.org.
We are here 24/7 to write your paper in as fast as 3 hours.