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DNA Essays

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Circulating Tumor DNA Cancer Detection Method

Over 8.2 million people die of cancer each year due to the bad accessibility to detection methods and treatment. The problem is that people are finding out they have cancer too late which makes it harder to treat. Cancer is the 4th most leading cause of death between adults 20-39 years old in the United States. Nearly half of people who have cancer aren’t diagnosed early enough. This makes it harder for the treatment to succeed, making it more likely...
2 Pages 1054 Words

DNA, Selective Breeding And Mammal Cloning

Humans have been breeding dogs for at least an estimated 14,000 years, it is said to believe that the evolution of the domestic dog evolved from the wild grey wolf (Canis Lupus.) As humans began domesticating dogs, they had begun to favour specific traits such as dogs with particular physiques and temperaments, hunting skills, intelligence, behavioural traits and even the simple companionship between man and dog.By selecting the most favourable dogs to breed, humans were unconsciously using artificial selection to...
6 Pages 2715 Words

Human DNA Quantification And Forensics

Human DNA is present in every cell except RBCs and can be found in body fluids like saliva, blood, semen, vaginal fluids, bones, teeth, hair and sweat. DNA has its individuality and DNA typing methodologies are subjected to scientific and legal scrutiny. DNA has been used as unique investigation material in forensics since Alec Jeffrey introduced RFLP in 1985 for identifing the unique markers in the genetic material.[4] DNA Quantification estimates the amount of DNA present in the source of...
2 Pages 979 Words

DNA-Genetic Encryption Technique

Abstract In this paper , we propose the technique of DNA-Genetic Encryption (D-GET) to make the technique more reliable and less predictable. In this process, any form of digital data is binarized and transformed into DNA sequencing, reshaping, encrypting, crossover, mutating and then reshaping. D-GET ‘s main stages are repeated three times or more. Encrypted data is transmitted in a text or image file format. On the other hand, the receiver uses D-GET to decode and reshape the obtained data...
4 Pages 1809 Words

Quantum Mechanics: The Solution To DNA Mutation

Quantum mechanics is a dimension of science that describes the behavior of energy, waves, subatomic particles and the uncertainty principle mathematically. It was founded by a group of scientists in the 1920’s to uncover more about the physical properties of nature. One of the founders, Erwin Schrödinger, published a book titled ‘What is Life?’ in 1944 where he claimed that there is a radical difference in the random motion of atoms at the molecular level between living things and nonliving...
2 Pages 710 Words

How Can RNA And DNA Advancement Be Implemented To Work Towards An Effective Vaccine Of The Covid -19

The Covid-19 is the Coronavirus it is an infectious diseases caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-Cov-2 It was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, and has spread globally, resulting in an ongoing pandemic. The impact on society has been immense from complete lockdowns to people socialising to business closing and fear for the safety of people everywhere in the world. Lock down for business all over the world The Covid-19 outbreak has become one of the...
3 Pages 1521 Words

The Importance Of DNA Amplification And Analysis

The key goals in performing this study in-lab was to determine how PCR can be used to amplify desirable segments of DNA, examine how agarose gel electrophoresis can separate DNA fragments via size, and analyze DNA fragments on agarose gels to determine our PTC diplotypes. The collection of this data was done by gathering a sample of cheek cell DNA, then combining said cells with an InstaGene™ matrix (BioRad Laboratories) to isolate the cheek cell DNA (Lintott 4). It was...
2 Pages 732 Words

How DNA Clock Can Help Predict Your Lifespan

DNA is the inheritors and carriers of the organism. DNA plays a unique role in the flow and evolution of heredity. Originally DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) is composed of three types of material. These are Phosphate, Deoxyribose sugar and 4 types of Nitrogen Alkaline. The Nitrogen Alkalines are Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, and Thymine. DNA contains our primitive generation, our previous history, and stories. How do we relate to our familiar faces, other than human beings, our relationship with other natural ecosystems...
3 Pages 1266 Words

Data Analysis In DNA Sequencing

Abstract In conceptual view of big data, some living data is selected and that data is called medical data, this data contains a crucial piece of details that used for analysis purpose, after performing such kind of analysis methods the biologists can easily know the outcome of bioinformatics science more efficiently. This research is like an outline of the data sequencing and method of analysis by providing details about the DNA. It also shows the dissimilarity between the two analysis...
4 Pages 1894 Words

The Historical Evidence That Confirmed DNA Is The Hereditary Material

DNA which stands for Deoxyribonucleic acid is the basic unit of hereditary. DNA is a molecule that consists of the information an organism needs to develop, live and reproduce. It is also known as the life instruction of the cell. These instructions are found inside every cell and are passed down from generation to generation. DNA is mainly found in eukaryotic cells. Most DNA is located in the nucleus of the cell which is also termed as nuclear DNA and...
6 Pages 2601 Words

DNA Technology In Criminal Justice

DNA analysis is one of the greatest technical achievements for criminal investigation since the discovery of fingerprints. Methods of DNA profiling are firmly grounded in molecular technology. – Committee on DNA forensic science, National Academy of Sciences. For this project I chose to do DNA in the criminal justice field. What is DNA? Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA for sure, is the chemical in cells that specifies the composition of proteins along with other cellular components, contributes to their synthesis. DNA...
7 Pages 3270 Words

Forensic DNA Analysis: Strengths And Limitations

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis is becoming more common in criminal investigations to characterize forensic biological specimen. This paper will examine mtDNA analysis in the forensic field, the expertise and training required and its strengths and limitations. The strengths of mtDNA analysis are the following: mtDNA has a high copy number, it provides an alternative option when nuclear DNA (nucDNA) is not viable, better recovery from degraded samples, confirms maternal relatedness and some discriminatory power using hypervariable regions. The limitations of...
8 Pages 3670 Words

The Necessity Of DNA Confidentiality

The DNA of every individual is unique. Even identical twins have variations in their DNA that makes it unique. DNA can not only be used to identify a person but can also reveal medical issues and project potential health problems that may arise in the future (“DNA test company 23andMe now fueling medical research”, 2018). Law enforcement has been using DNA to help identify criminals for many years and has created a very large DNA database (Dedrickson, 2018). The military...
3 Pages 1335 Words

The Ethical Consequences Of Newly Developed DNA Tests On Individuals’ Privacy And Security In Society

Abstract This paper examines the negative ethical consequences that newly developed DNA tests have on individuals and their privacy within society. Although DNA testing has beneficial uses, there are a wide variety of negative effects in using, unregulated at home testing kits known as LTDS. Many companies do not have clear privacy policies for customer’s privacy when using their services. This puts their information at risk to be sold to third parties or stolen. Use of these kits can also...
6 Pages 2696 Words

The Peculiarities Of DNA Replication Process

Introduction Cell division is important for an organism’s growth. However, DNA must be replicated before the cell divides. DNA is the hereditary molecule that stores instructions to make proteins.1 Since DNA is the hereditary material, it must be copied from a cell to its daughter cell and this is done by the process of DNA replication. DNA replication is a process of copying DNA to produce two identical copies of the original DNA.2 It occurs in both eukaryotic cells and...
3 Pages 1251 Words

DNA Technology And Society

New technology is being used and integrated into society in the area of forensics using DNA. A profile of an individual is created when any physical traces are left behind at a crime scene, like blood, tissues, hair, or anything else harboring DNA. All of this information gets compiled, organized, and stored on computers to be cross-checked with the profiles of other individuals. Other techniques like “dusting for finger prints” (prints that are lifted from objects that have been touched)...
1 Page 647 Words

The Role Of DNA In Criminal Investigation Process

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a double stranded molecule made up of two chains that bend around each other forming a double helix. DNA carries the genetic/ hereditary material that makes us all unique, unless you are an identical twin. DNA was first discovered in the 1860s by Swiss chemist Johann Friedrich Miescher. Johann was researching the vital components of white blood cells, which is part of our body’s immune system. To test the cells, he decided to collect bandages from...
1 Page 472 Words

The Aspects Of DNA Exposure

Introduction Electromagnetic radiation is one way that energy travels through space. It is the light from the sun that offers humanity its energy when it comes to things such as, cooking food in the microwave, X-rays at the dentist, Television signal etc… Electromagnetic radiation is classified by wavelength, which ranges from gamma ray (smallest in wavelengths, but higher in energy) to radio waves (highest in wavelength, but lower in energy.) Another example of the energy that reaches earth is ultraviolet...
4 Pages 1909 Words

Editing Human DNA, Is It Necessary?

INTRODUCTION A Chinese scientist’s claims that he has created the world’s first genetically edited babies. This has prompted global outcry and an investigation by Chinese health authorities into his work. He Jiankui, says his goal was to produce babies immune to HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. He says he altered a gene in the embryos that makes a protein called the CCR5 receptor, which HIV uses to enter cells. He accepts that his work in controversial but is willing...
3 Pages 1256 Words

Controlled Adsorption Of DNA Origami Nanostructures Studied By Atomic Force Microscopy

Abstract DNA origami nanostructures can be utilized as functional materials depending upon their arrangement into higher orders using molecular lithography process. DNA origami triangles and DNA origami 6-helix bundles (6HB) are synthesized under sodium and magnesium rich buffer solutions, adsorbed and desorbed on the negatively charged mica surface. The adsorption of origami depends upon Mg2+ that forms a salt bridge at the surface because of electrostatic attraction which further leads to a weak mobility of origami on surface and thereby...
4 Pages 1937 Words

DNA Advancement On Catching Criminals

It usually takes 24-72 hours for DNA to come in, what if that process was speeded up. Imagine how fast police will catch criminals in the future. There was a time where catching criminals was way more difficult and more time consuming. The usage of finding DNA makes it much easier to catch criminals with blood and other substances. A time went on many things changed for the better. Document analysis helped in many ways, but there was an upgrade....
2 Pages 842 Words

Tardigrade Protein Dsup Rescues DNA Replication Restart Defect Of FANCD2 Deficient Cells

Abstract We investigate whether a protein found in tardigrades called Damage suppressor, or Dsup, can help cells restart stalled replication forks in human cells. Tardigrades compose a phylum of microscopic animals known for their ability to survive extreme environmental conditions, and experiments have shown that Dsup prevents damage from accumulating in DNA (Hashimoto et al. 2016). Excessive stalled replication forks can result in DNA degradation and cell death (Ceccaldi et al. 2016). Human Fanconi anemia protein FANCD2 is required to...
3 Pages 1545 Words

The Structure Of DNA

In the late 19th century, there was a growing curiosity about the field of molecular biology and how things in our body worked at the molecular level. This led to extensive research in the early 20th century by upcoming scientists to know how genes present in our cells helped in the regulation and functioning of the chemical processes that take place in our body. In 1953, the discovery of the twisted, double helix, ladder-like structure of DNA by James Watson...
3 Pages 1223 Words

DNA Extraction In Examining The Relationship Between Biology And Behavior

Introduction Upon watching these week’s videos and reading the weeks course line, I find that the most useful method in my learning about the relationship of the brain and the behavior of people is the DNA extraction method. According to (Yoshikawa, Dogruman-AI, Balaban, & Sultan, 2017), in the recent years, Microbiology labs have been given access to facilities that can perform molecular diagnostics. Before the first publication on amplification of DNA by PCR using the in vitro method, particular DNA...
1 Page 544 Words

Limitations Of DNA Microarray

At their core, microarrays are simple devices used for measuring the relative concentrations of many different DNA or RNA sequences. While they have been incredibly useful in a wide variety of applications but they have a number of limitations. First limitation is that arrays provide an indirect measure of relative concentration. That is the signal measured at a given position on a microarray is typically assumed to be proportional to the concentration of a presumed single species in solution that...
1 Page 446 Words

The Process Of DNA Sequencing

The marine fisheries sector has a very important contribution to food security and economic prosperity, since fish is an important source of protein, vitamins, iodine, and omega-3 fatty acids. Identification of the proper fish species is important for fisheries management and food product certification. Identification of marine species using traditional taxonomic methods is often a taxonomic inconsistency. To understand, evaluate, and manage marine ecosystems, it is important to have information about the diversity of species that make it. Getting this...
1 Page 425 Words

Recombinant DNA Technology To Improve Health

Recombinant DNA technology is the combining of DNA molecules from two different species which are inserted into a host organism to produce genetic combinations that will be beneficial to medicine, agriculture and industry. This technology can and is already used in many ways to improve our daily lives and is used everywhere from the medicine we take to the food we consume. DNA Cloning In biology a clone is a group of individual cells or organisms descended from one father...
2 Pages 933 Words

Recombinant DNA Technology & Cloning

RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY Recombinant DNA Technology refers to the process by which DNA molecules of two different species are joined together and then inserted into a host for the production of new genetic combinations which are valuable to science, medicine, agriculture and industry. Steps involved in this process are: 1. Isolation of genetic material The genetic material in living organisms is generally nucleic acids. Whereas in most of the cases it is DNA and sometimes it is RNA. The first...
2 Pages 861 Words

DNA Computing For RGB Image Encryption With Genetic Algorithm

Abstract A combination of DNA computing and a genetic algorithm is announced for RGB image encryption. The model is strong based on the scrambling technique of DNA computing operations using the crossover and mutation process and establishing a dynamic key based on a genetic algorithm, including a set of parameters such as population size, number of generation and mutation probability. First, the decoding of the image GA selected DNA sequence encoding process and the random key for the three R...
3 Pages 1204 Words

DNA Purification From Kiwi Fruit

Abstract DNA purification is a process that can be done by different methods to extract a DNA from any living organism. The aim of this experiment was to purify a DNA from kiwi fruit, and once it’s extracted it can be used for molecular analyses, sequencing and fingerprinting. The main concept of purification a DNA is to isolate it from the cell and separate it from any attached contaminating compound, this happens under a certain steps which is all refer...
3 Pages 1334 Words
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