Is obesity a growing problem around the world? Obesity in the United States and around the world have increased and continue to do so. The most recent findings say roughly 34% of adults and 15%-20% of children in the U.S. are obese. The World Health Organization, (WHO), states from 1975 to 2018 that obesity worldwide has nearly tripled! Doctors are warning patients not to normalize obesity. Obesity can majorly strain the body, it also places those with it at a higher risk for health problems such as bone and joint damage, type two diabetes, heart disease, and more.
One health problem that can be caused by obesity is joint damage. When an excessive amount of weight is placed on bone and joints it wears down cartilage. When one takes a step, the force that is put on their knees is approximately 1 ½ their weight. The more extra weight you have the harder the impact is on your knees, and when your walking up and down stairs that amount is doubled or tripled! Joint damage cannot be reversed therefore maintaining a healthy body weight from childhood through the rest of one’s life will help prevent joint pain drastically.
Type Two Diabetes is a disease that can greatly decrease your quality of life. Obesity can greatly increase the chances of getting this disease. Scientist have found that strain in the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) caused by an excessive amount of weight, “… which in turn causes the Endoplasmic Reticulum to suppress the signals of insulin receptors which then leads to insulin resistance.”, as quoted from the article Why Does Obesity Cause Diabetes written by Serena Gordon. When we eat nutrition all of it has to be processed and stored by the ER, but when too much is digested the ER signals cells to dampen their insulin receptors.
Obesity can have many negative effects on your heart. The more someone weighs, the more blood their heart pushes which in turn increases cardiac output. When the amount of blood is increased the walls of the heart must dilate causing there to be tension. As tension continues over long periods of time the muscles in the heart thicken until it is unable to pump blood to the body. It is vital to take care of your body, but thankfully if you take the right precautions you can keep your body going longer.
Although obesity is a growing problem worldwide, we can all try to keep our bodies happy and healthy. Dropping just 5%-10% of your body weight, if needed, can improve your overall health and prevent diseases such as joint damage, Type Two Diabetes, heart disease, and more! There are many ways to start your weight loss journey such as only eating when hungry, avoiding stress, getting more sleep, eating healthy fresh foods, and avoiding fast food. You only get one, so it’s necessary to take care the best care of your body possible!
- 'Childhood Obesity.' Gale Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection, Gale, 2019. Gale In Context: Opposing Viewpoints, https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/KAJHYO545776248/OVIC?u=avlr&sid=OVIC&xid=c79c701e. Accessed 27 Oct. 2020.