Throughout the past few weeks I have learned many things regarding the principles of empiricism individually and as a class. We, as a class have also discussed how these principles have been applied by different philosophers throughout history. In this reflection I will share the main principles of empiricism and how these principles were used by three key philosophers of the 17th and 18th century. I will also explore the conclusions that I have personally gathered from studying this topic....
A particular scene in the global franchise ‘The Hunger Games’ features the character ‘Peeta’ conversing with the character of ‘Katniss’ after being rescued from a facility that ‘conditioned’ him and used psychological torture to change his personality and beliefs, shaping him into an entirely different person with different values. In the scene he appears to be battling the things that he has been ‘taught’ and ‘conditioned’ to believe and the knowledge of the person he was before this. Rationalism is...
Both empiricism and theory are fundamental components that contribute significantly to the realm of sociology, however, I believe that more empirical research is needed within the discipline. To defend this position, I will be structuring this paper by: Firstly, discussing the limitations of sociology as a theoretically-rich discipline due to the increasing demands of advanced theoretical development and nuanced research put forth by Healy (2017), Besbis and Khan (2017); and 2. Argue that the discipline should consist of a more...
In art, the first lesson taught is to not focus on small details instead to stop and examine the overall structure and form of what is being captured. Focusing on a single detail can provide some information about the form, but it is not enough. To overcome this issue, artists study the fundamentals such as anatomy, lights, and perspective. Similar to artists, philosophers aim to see the overall form without getting too caught up on the individual details. In epistemology,...
On this assignment, I’m going to Exploration and research what is Rationalism, Empiricism and industry revolution. What’s the definition of these words? What’s the relationship with Social Science, how is that work is our Society? First, what is Rationalism? In philosophy, rationalism is the epistemological view that ‘regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge' or ‘any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification’. More formally, rationalism is defined as a methodology or a...
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Introduction Science, a combination of discoveries and mysteries, is undoubtedly one of the most visible manifestations of the human intellectual potential, but in the meantime, a lantern for mankind. If used wisely, science represents an unperishable source of knowledge and progress, but most importantly, a powerful weapon that permits man to be ahead of his time. The concern for such a rightful use of anything scientific certainly explains why Rabelais (2004) pointed out, “as the wise man Solomon saith, Wisdom...
Introduction The focus of this essay is the analyses of the case study (sitting under a tree in the botanical garden and taking in nature). What I encountered in the Botanical garden is plants, trees and etc, therefore I tend to analyse it from the three perspectives namely, the empiricist (or natural scientist), an intellectualist (or rationalist), the embodied perspective ( ala Merleau- Ponty) and in a phenomenological sense. lastly, the explanation and description of the three perspectives will be...
The age old debate of whether or not human beings are born with innate knowledge or if all knowledge is gathered through experience, found in Rene Descartes’ Meditations on First Philosophy and John Locke’s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, has raged on for as long as man has thought to question his own existence. As these two papers battle over the reliability of the senses, the purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the correctness of John Locke’s proposition that...