“There is no friend as loyal as a book.” ― Ernest Hemingway
During the 1950s–1960s, more and more literature occurred in people’s lives. Ernest Miller Hemingway was one of the most popular writers from then to now. He was an American journalist, novelist, short-story writer, and sportsman. Hemingway’s writing style was known for its simplicity, and had a profound influence on the development of 20th century literature; many of his works are still very influential today.
Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Illinois. His father, Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, was a physician, and his mother, Grace Hall Hemingway, was a musician. Hemingway’s mother frequently performed for the village; although Hemingway appeared to be hate his mother, he mirrored her energy and enthusiasm. From 1913, Hemingway attended Oak Park and River Forest High School. He participated in many sports such as boxing. He did well in his English class, which shaped his future success, that he took a journalism class. He became a reporter after high school, then became an ambulance driver as his applications to join the US Army, Navy, and Marines were rejected due to his poor eyesight. On his way to the Italian front, he stayed in Paris under German artillery bombing. He didn’t stat at a safe hotel, but, instead, he approached the battlefield as much as possible. Hemingway witnessed the cruelty of the war on the front line of Italy: an ammunition depot near Milan exploded, and a female corpse in a temporary morgue was more than a male corpse, which shocked him. On July 8, 1918, he was seriously wounded in the delivery of supplies, and was awarded the Silver Brave Medal by the Italian government. Later, Hemingway worked in a hospital of the American Red Cross in Milan. His early novel, “Farewell, Weapons,” was inspired by his wartime experiences, formed the basis for his novel. Hemingway regarded himself as the protagonist in the novel and carried out his own creation. “I remember that after we searched quite thoroughly for the complete dead we collected fragments.” Among his later works, the most outstanding is the short novel, The Old Man and the Sea: the story of an old fisherman’s journey, his long and lonely struggle with a fish and the sea, and his victory in defeat. In his life, he wrote many left him in pain and ill health for much of the rest of his life. Eventually, he ended his life in July 2, 1961.
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Hemingway has excellent language control ability. He often expresses the most complicated content in the simplest vocabulary, expresses specific meanings with basic vocabulary, short sentences, and uses nouns and verbs to reveal the true colors of things. Hemingway habitually used the word “and” in place of commas. From the sentence pattern, Hemingway often uses short declarative sentences for expression. Because he began as a writer of short stories, Baker believes Hemingway learned to “get the most from the least, how to prune language, how to multiply intensities and how to tell nothing but the truth in a way that allowed for telling more than the truth.” Hemingway thinks that it is not necessary to use words to modify the carvings to sing the public—as long as the description of things is clear, the others are decided by the reader. Garcia Marquez, author of ‘One Hundred Years of Solitude,’ wrote an essay about the encounter between Hemingway and his wife on the Saint Michel Avenue, Paris, in the spring of 1957, and listed his failure to “Across the River and Into the Trees” as Hemingway’s best novel: “Without ‘Across the River and Into the Trees,’ there is no ‘The Old Man and the Sea.’”
Hemingway has a profound influence on American literature. Today, American literature is still influenced by him. In fact, Hemingway’s writing style has a great influence on most modern novels. Many writers want to imitate his writing style. James Joyce called Hemingway’s short piece ‘A Clean, Well-Lighted Place’ is one of the best short stories. In 1953, “The Old Man and the Sea” was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, and won the award of the Nobel Prize in Literature to Hemingway in 1954.
“In a calm sea every man is a pilot.” Ernest Hemingway was one of greatest minds in the world of literature. His works guided many writers and readers to their dreams, places only for oneself and his sea.