Some people argue that a majority of pressing global issues are engendered by population explosion. In my opinion, I completely agree with this point of view for some reasons. We need to control our population.
One vexing problem worth mentioning is the chronic shortage of housing in many major cities worldwide, especially in densely populated areas in the city center. The primary cause of such an issue is the massive influx of rural migrants who flock to cities in search of better job or education opportunities. Exemplary examples include Beijing or Hong Kong where government have made enormous efforts to combat the overcrowding issue but fall to gain a satisfactory result.
Another problem is pollution, triggered mainly by the burgeoning global population. When many residents inhabit a place, their daily activities tend to do great harm to surroundings, either accidentally or deliberately. For example, households can dump their waste directly into lakes and rivers, or consume too many plastic bags, which leads to an increment in the landfill site. Worse still, coupled with the ever-increasing size of population the problem seems to exacerbate.
If the population is controlled, then climate change can also be controlled. According to a journal, if the population keep growing, the need of food and accommodations will also increase with a large extend which means the government will develop more land, destroy more forests and feed more cows. In this way, a greater number of people means give rise to the climatic change. You probably would have heard about China’s 1-child rule. China has made a strict rule of having an only child. This policy certainly decreases the use in resources.
The most obvious issue of overpopulation is the low quality of life and illiteracy (if you live in a poor family or country). The rapidly growing population has kept the quality of life of the majority of poor countries at a very low level, like India. As what we know, India, with 1.35 billion people, it is the second most populous country in the world. And also, India has the largest illiterate population in the world. According to my first research, “the literacy rate of India as per 2011 Population Census is 74.04%, with male literacy rate at 82.14% and female at 65.46%”. And my second research from the World Development Report, it stated that “1999-2000 reveals that infant mortality rate in India in 1997 was 1971 per 1000, maternal mortality rate per lakh live births between 1990 to 1997 was 440, child malnutrition under age 5 during 1992 to 1997 was 50%, access to sanitation was 16% of population”.
Other global issues such as food security and poor healthcare are just among the many problems that are caused by the uncontrolled growth of population. If there were few people on this Earth, food supplies can be sufficient to feed the population and hospitals could adequately cater to the needs of patients when they are ill.
In conclusion, I totally agree with that we should control our population, you are not allowed to have babies unlimitedly. Overpopulation that triggers the many above-mentioned issues; therefore, actions should be taken to slow down population growth worldwide.