Essay on Solar Energy Vs Fossil Fuels

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Global warming has become a serious problem recently because the temperature of the world increased by 2 degrees since the industrial revolution and the weather is predicted to increase by 2-6 degrees by 2100 (Saul, 2012). Saul (2012) points out, that global warming resources are greenhouse gas emissions that cause the melting of glaciers and sea-level rises over 100 years. Solar energy is a clean energy that generates power with the lowest emissions. If it was applied to different aspects, the greenhouse effect would be controlled. This essay will argue that Australian solar energy usage can solve problems of global warming due to the reduction of traffic emissions, decreasing reliance on fossil fuels, and subsiding household emissions.

Traffic emissions can be controlled when solar energy is widely used for transport. In Australia, transport’ emission produces huge pollution to the air, which is part of the main sources of greenhouse gases, taking 13.9% of the total pollution(Saul,2012). the gases such as CO2, NO, and NO2 are all produced by people commuting and cause global warming in Australia. According to research by Saul(2012), one typical car could release 8 kilograms of CO2 into the atmosphere every day. Private cars are common in Australia and the amount of Australian families commuting use cars which are main factor of transport emissions. If each car produces 8 kilograms every day, large amounts of greenhouse effect will be released into the atmosphere. Solar energy could be an effective method for serious Australian traffic pollution because solar power is renewable and cannot run out as long as the sun exists (“Racing on Sunshine”,2015). When the sunray comes into the ground, the solar sectors can absorb the X-ray and transfer it into electricity, so that the production process is clean, without any greenhouse emission. According to the “Racing on Sunshine”,(2015) report, solar cars can set solar panels on the roofs of cars, hence the solar panels transfer sunray into electricity and give power to cars. For example, it was a solar car race that was held in Australia with 40 countries as participants. The Netherlands cars successfully crossed 1900 miles away only using solar power and won the championship (“Racing on Sunshine”,2015). Although solar power isn’t used in general driving, some technologies still need to be improved. Professor Koppen's “Racing on Sunshine”(2015) said that they have the confidence to make the technologies more mature and forecast that solar power will be used before 2050. Solar energy used in transport could decrease tremendous emissions of greenhouse gases and control global warming in this way.

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Solar power also can decrease the reliance on fossil fuels to produce electricity. According to Halava, Surovtseva, and Baig(2015), Australia is a large electricity production country that produces 253.851Gwh every year and the amount will increase by 0.5 percent every year. With highly developed electric industry producing, the colossal pollution will reach 5591.9 mt CO2, which is released into the atmosphere without disposal (Halava, Surovtseva&Baig,2015). The main structure of electricity production is 69% used by coal and 19.3% by gas and renewable energy is only 7 7percents(Halava, Surovtseva&Baig,2015). Fossil fuels are the main ingredients in Australian electricity production, and harmful gas emission in this process takes 60% of whole Australian greenhouse emissions. Solar power is the key to decreasing reliance on fossil fuels in producing electricity. Australia has abundant solar energy every year, especially in the Northern Territory, The sunray is extremely enough and most places can set up solar energy to apply in producing electricity(Halava, Surovtseva&Baig,2015). For instance, the CSP plan (concentrating solar power) for NT is a feasible plan for the Australian industry. These sustainable plants could gather solar and turn it into industrial electricity due to the abundant solar energy in NT, the NT's stable landscape, and CSP's long lifespan, which could provide electricity stably for a long time(Halava, Surovtseva&Baig,2015). Halava, Surovtseva, and Baig (2015) argue that the CSP plan has already been implemented in Kanbe and has an excellent reflection on the story, despite some pollution also exists in the producing CSP, whereas the benefits of CSP outweigh the pollution by using fossil fuels. If fossil fuels in producing electricity can be replaced by solar power, the amount of greenhouse emissions will decrease significantly and global warming will also decrease. It’s clear that solar power decreases the reliance on fossil fuels in producing electricity could be important to global warming.

Solar power also subsides households’ emissions in Australia so that could be an answer to global warming. Australian households could provide a huge emission in daily life, which takes nearly 7% of Australian greenhouse emissions(Saul et al.,2012). In OCED(Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development), Australia took measures against global warming as other member countries, setting up solar energy sectors and publishing policies to use them. According to Mozayeni, Pillai, and Wang (2019) opinions, the Australian government intentions to apply smart electricity to each home before 2020 so that clean energy will be used in each house. Another problem is the cost of setting up solar power devices which are huge burden on solar energy manufacturers, hence government gives tax advantages and price compensation to the producers(Mozayeni, Pillci&Wang,2019). Solar power with government support comes to market and becomes the main energy resource in daily consumption. Mozayeni, Pillai, and Wang(2019) claim that solar power consumption is divided by residents’ income, the lower the price of solar power is, the more people choose solar power. For example, most widely furniture is used to produce harmful gas into the atmosphere. Fridges and air-conditioners are used, and solar-assisted systems installed on them can save 40-50% of energy( Mekhilef, Saidur&Safari,2010). Solar panels are commonly used in Australian residents’ houses which increased by 40 percent from 2008 to 2014(Mozayeni, Pillci&Wang,2019). Residents' daily emissions also cause tremendous air pollution because household emissions are produced every day only if the people live in houses. The government supports solar power firms to produce clean energy and apply it to daily use, resulting in the subsiding of household emissions. Indisputably, the well-controlled household emissions will be a positive effect of global warming through solar power.

In conclusion, solar power usage could make traffic cleaner with the least CO2 emissions; the plants used in industrial production can reduce air pollution the least; Changes in household furniture also reduce living emission reductions, which are effective measures against global warming. Therefore, utilizing solar power in Australia can make some changes to global warming with its wide application list

    1. Saul, B. (2012). Climate change and Australia (pp. 16 17 18 19). Annandale, N.S.W.: Federation Press.
    2. Mozayeni,S., Pillai,Unni.,& Wang,R.(2019) Consumers Behind Solar Energy: A Case Study of Households’ Demand for Four OECD Countries. Journal Of Strategic Innovation And Sustainability, 14(1), 91-94 96. doi: 10.33423/jsis.v14i1.989
    3. Baig, M., Surovtseva, D., & Halawa, E. (2015). The Potential of Concentrated Solar Power for Remote Mine Sites in the Northern Territory, Australia. Journal Of Solar Energy, 2015, 1, 2, 5,6,7,8. doi: 10.1155/2015/617356
    4. Racing on Sunshine: Dozens of cars zoom across Australia without using a drop of fuel. (2015, December 7). The Scholastic News P4
    5. Mekhilef, S., Saidur, R., & Safari, A. (2010). A review on solar energy use in industries. Renewable And Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(4), 1781 1784. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2010.12.018


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