A recent study about the levels of integrity and fair play within the middle school HPE classes at Palm Beach Currumbin State High School (PBC) has been researched and analysed with the help of a survey. The survey conducted has been used to gather primary data on student engagement within the Middle School HPE classes at Palm Beach Currumbin State High School with an objective to recognise ethical issues that impacts the integrity and fair play of students. The survey focuses on the issues that influences of the dilemma such as, ability in performance of students, going beyond the rules of the game and negative coaching. A strategy will then be devised and then will be put in place to ultimately combat this dilemma. The data collected has been reviewed and has shown a significant issue with students having regular disregard for the rules and going outside of protocols, in goals of winning the game. The data also indicates that when trying to win beyond the rules of the game it has a negative impact on student’s engagement, participation and performance. Formal and informal fair play has a huge influence in the dilemma of cheating. Formal fair play is following the written rules of the game, whereas informal fair play is, the rules that aren’t written but they are still expected that all players follow them such as, behaving in a sporting spirit. It also demonstrates attitudes and behaviours in sport consistent with the belief that sport is an ethical pursuit. It does not include acts of violence, cheating, drug abuse or any form of exploitation in an effort to win (olympic.org). The ethical dilemma that is being focused on is trying to win beyond the rules of the game. I have decided to define my ethical dilemma using the following question.
Does emphasis on fair play, rather than winning, increase the student’s engagement and performance in Palm Beach Currumbin middle school HPE classes?
A survey has been created and distributed to Middle school HPE classes and students at Palm Beach Currumbin State High School (PBC). The survey included questions regarding ethical dilemmas within lessons. The survey will be used as primary data and will then be analysed to create a strategy to combat any ethical dilemmas to ultimately increase student’s involvement and performance within lessons.
The data graph is shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2 below.
In Figure 1, Data was gathered on how often students experience witnessing other students trying to win beyond the rules, such as cheating, to analyse/identify the ethical dilemma that influences the lack of student engagement and performance in middle school HPE classes. The data has been collected by the help of a PBC survey that all students in middle school HPE classes have participated in and has been shown as a data graph. Figure 1 shows that there is an evident ethical dilemma within PBC middle school HPE classes in relation to students witnessing other students trying to win beyond the rules, such as cheating. 227 middle school students in HPE classes have been surveyed. The results from the data graph shows that this dilemma is occurring in HPE classes, almost more than 40% of students have ‘sometimes’ witnessed other students trying to win beyond the rules, such as cheating. Nearly 13% of students ‘always’ witness this occurring, in comparison to students ‘Never’ witnessing this occur. As it can be seen, a considerable number of students have been witnessed trying to win beyond the rules of the game at least once. This is a clear indication that an ethical dilemma exists as it is witnessed that, more students are ‘always’ trying to win beyond the rules of the game rather than ‘never’ trying to win beyond the rules. There is a trend that most people have seen someone else try to win beyond the rules of the game at least sometimes if not more.
In Figure 2, it shows the results from Question 4 in the PBC survey. The data was gathered on how does ‘Question 3’ impact students involvement and performance in the lesson. When it is witnessed that other students are trying to win beyond the rules of the game, it does not have a positive impact on majority of the class with under 10% saying that it has positive impact in their involvement and performance. But it clearly has negative effect on a lot more students with over 40% of students being negatively affected by most of the class. Even though 50% of the students said that it has no impact on their involvement and performance. This indicates that even though the majority of students are trying to win beyond the rules of the game it still negatively affects their involvement and performance in class. It is concerning that most of students in middle school HPE lessons are trying to win beyond the rules of the game because it impacts their integrity and positive engagement in HPE lessons.
In addition to the PBC survey that assessed if any ethical dilemmas were present in PBC middle school HPE classes, other research and data has been gathered by organizations and websites such as, AUS sports and Play By the Rules which both have set code of conducts to ensure fair play is followed and valued in all sports.