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Heart Attack Detection By Using Arduino Uno

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Abstract

Heart attack is a global leading cause for death among both genders men and women. However, occurrence of heart attack is not predictable. currently there are number of health monitoring system available for patient ,but all these system works mainly when there is emergency occurs. also not capable of transmitting data continuously. The proposed system continuously monitors the vital parameter, heart beat,, and concerned person by implanting chip on to the body. The chip perform a function of continuous sensing and comparing of sense data with standard threshold. If any abnormalities are present there then SMS will be sent with help of GSM module. The main aim of this paper is to develop a circuit for detecting a heart attack and if, so then alert to doctor and family members. If heart attack is detected this system can also automatically determine the current position of the user using GPS module .

Introduction

Rapid economic and industrial development leads to increased intensity in daily life, which brings people negative sentiments, such as nervousness, anxiety, and disturbance. These emotions along with changes of quickly lifestyle result that chronic cardiovascular disease become the major adult illness. Therefore, degenerative disease have increase rapidly and at the same time it has resulted in the increase in medical treatment cost. The main focus of this paper is to implement a model for the real time patient monitoring system. This project is useful in medical application and it has less cost and size. This paper is working model which incorporate sensor to measure parameter like heart beat rate and ECG; Arduino is used for analyzing the input from patient and any abnormality felt by the patient causes the monitoring system to give an alarm. In the case of emergency for people who are suffering with heart diseases continuous monitoring of the patient are required which is sometime not possible in the hospital or if patient location is far away from the hospital. In such case this circuit is helpful to measure the heart rate and ECG, the information is transmitted to doctor & family members for the precautions so that patient can be under control, and prevented from serious situation before reaching to the hospital.

The proposed system continuously monitors the vital parameter, heart beat , ECG, and concerned person by implanting chip on to the body. The chips perform a function of continuous sensing and comparing of sense data with standard threshold. If any abnormalities are present there then SMS will be sent with help of GSM module. The main aim of this paper is to develop a circuit for detecting a heart attack and if, so then alert to doctor and family members. If heart attack is detected this system can also automatically determine the current position of the user using GPS module . The proposed system is used to measure the physical parameters like body temperature, detect fall with the help of biosensors using Arduino microcontroller and to trace the location of patient using GPS.

There are number of techniques available for the patient‘s health monitoring system with wireless communication technology. In this system the patients position and location is continuously monitored and the acquired data is transmitted to an family doctor or family member of the patients . If any abnormality happened to the patient the message will be automatically send to patient‘s family members and doctors mobile by using GSM module.

HEART BEAT MONITOR

In this article, we are going to interface a pulse sensor with Arduino. The patients heart beat rate is monitor using photoelectric sensor which can sense the patients pulse rate. This method of tracking of heart rate is more efficient than the traditional method which derives same from ECG graph.A heart rate is a monitoring device that allows to measure heart rate in real time.

Heart rate is important parameter for heart attack detection. Heart rate is changes according to age. The pulse rate can Help to determine the various problem within the body.

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This sensor two sided, the front one which is heart shape is the side attach to skin. This pulse sensor has three pin GND, VCC and output. There is also LED in the center of this sensor module which helps in detecting the heart beat. Below the LED, there is noise elimination circuitry which is supposed to keep away the noise from affecting the reading.

GSM MODEM AND GPS MODEM

GSM modem operates by accepting the SIM card to the subscribed mobile operator .A GSM module is chip or circuit that will be used to established communication between mobile device and GSM system . The GPS is a satellite based navigation system mode up of at least 24 satellite & use to determine the current position of the user or patients. Whenever heart rate counts goes abnormal i.e bellow 60 and above 90 BPS then microcontroller active GSM and GPS module . GPS will tracking user position , then GSM will generate a message long with position of nearable health care center and previously save family member number in it.

Buzzer 5V DC

[bookmark: _TOC_250009]Buzzer is an audio signaling device that has many application includes timer and alarm device. Buzzer is turn on if there is any abnormality occurs in the patients body. In this project the buzzer is used to alert patients or creater during extreme condition. This sound indicates that the patient health is in risk.

TEMPERATURE SENSOR

It is considered as a solid state sensor. The precision integrated-circuit temperature sensor output a voltage linearly proportional to the centigrade temperature. With LM35, temperature is measured more accurately than using a thermistor.

The temperature sensor used to measure temperature, is an electronic device which provides a voltage analogue of the temperature of the surface on which it is mounted. The LM35 series are precision integrated-circuit Temperature Sensors whose output voltage is linearly proportional to the Celsius temperature. The sensor circuitry is sealed and not subject to oxidation. The LM35 generates a higher output voltage than thermocouples and may not require that the output voltage be amplified.

LM35 is a precision IC temperature sensor with its output proportional to the temperature (in o C). With LM35, temperature can be measured more accurately than with a thermistor. Several temperature sensing techniques currently in wide spread usage. The most common of these are RTDs, thermistors, and sensor ICs. The right one for your application depends on the required temperature range, linearity, accuracy, cost, features, and ease of designing the necessary support circuitry.

CONCLUSIONS

We are design health monitoring system for patients who are suffering from heart diseases. In this project, we have design heart rate and ECG and then send SMS if any abnormality occurs in patients and through mobile phone. It portable and cost efficient system and very easy to handle and provide great flexibility and serves as a great improvement over other conventional monitoring and alert system. We believe that our system is a step towards promoting patient‘s autonomy and by providing Personalized monitoring and advice we hope that it will give the patients more confidence and improve their quality of life.

References

  1. Abid Khan, Ravi Mishra, ‘GSM & GPS Based Tracking System’, International Journal Of Engineering Trends & Technology-2012.
  2. Mrs. Rajashri Patil, Prof. Balaji Hogade, “On Line Real Time Health Monitoring of ICU Patients Using ARM”, International Journal of Computer Science and Network (IJCSN) Volume 1, Issue 3, June 2012, ISSN 2277-5420.
  3. B. Sirisha , T. Sraddha, K.Vijaynand “ Real-Time Multi Patient Monitoring System Using Arm And Wireless Sensor Network Security”.ISSN:22311882, Volume – 2, Issue – 2, 2013.
  4. Yashasar Yadav, Manasa Gowda, ‘Heart Rate Monitoring & Alert System Using GSM Technology’ International Journal of Engineering Tends and Technology- 2015.
  5. Sarvant Singh (2012) “Bluetooth Low Energy Based Mobile Electrocardiogram Monitoring System ”, In the proceedings of International Conference On Information And Automation, June 6-8, 2012 , Shenyang , International Journal Of Computer Network And Communication(IJCNC) vol.7, No.3 May 2015.
  6. K. Aziz, Saed Tarapiah , Mohamad Alsaedi , Salah Haj Ismail, and Shadi Atalla, “Smart Real Time Health Care Monitoring and Tracking System Using GPS/GSM Technologies”, 3rd MEC International Conference on Big Data and Smart Cities (ICBDSC) March 2016.
  7. Vandana Milind Rohokale, Neeli Rashmi Prasad , Ramjee Prasad, “A Co-Operative Internet of Thing For Rural Health Care Monitoring and Control”, (2011).
  8. Tae-Yoon Kim, Sungkwan , Youm, Jai-Jin Jung “Multi-Hop WBAN Construction For Health Care IOT”, (2015).

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Heart Attack Detection By Using Arduino Uno. (2022, February 21). Edubirdie. Retrieved November 27, 2022, from https://edubirdie.com/examples/heart-attack-detection-by-using-arduino-uno/
“Heart Attack Detection By Using Arduino Uno.” Edubirdie, 21 Feb. 2022, edubirdie.com/examples/heart-attack-detection-by-using-arduino-uno/
Heart Attack Detection By Using Arduino Uno. [online]. Available at: <https://edubirdie.com/examples/heart-attack-detection-by-using-arduino-uno/> [Accessed 27 Nov. 2022].
Heart Attack Detection By Using Arduino Uno [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Feb 21 [cited 2022 Nov 27]. Available from: https://edubirdie.com/examples/heart-attack-detection-by-using-arduino-uno/
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