In this project we are implementing a heart beat monitoring and heart attack detection system using the Heart Beat Sensor. Now a days we have an increased number of heart diseases including increased risk of heart attacks. The sensor is then interfaced to a arduino that allows checking heart rate readings and transmitting them over internet. The user may set the high as well as low levels of heart beat limit. After setting these limits, the system starts monitoring and as soon as patient heart beat goes above a certain limit, the system sends an alert to the controller which then transmits this over the server and alerts the doctors as well as concerned users. Also the system alerts for lower heartbeats. Whenever the user logs on for monitoring, the system also displays the live heart rate of the patient. Thus concerned ones may monitor heart rate as well get an alert of heart attack to the patient immediately from anywhere and the person can be saved on time.
In the new era of communication and technology, the explosive growth of electronic devices, smart phones and tablets which can be communicated physically or wirelessly has become the fundamental tool of daily life. The next generation of connected world is Internet . Which connects devices, sensors, appliances, vehicles and other “things”. The things or objects may include the Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) tag, Mobile Phones, sensors, actuators and much more. With the help of Internet, we connect anything, access from anywhere and anytime, efficiently access any service and information about any object. The aim of Internet is to extend the benefits of Internet with remote control ability, data sharing, constant connectivity and so on. Using an Heartbeat sensor which is always on and collecting data, all the devices would be tied to local and global networks. The Internet technology can provide a large amount of data about human, objects, time and space. While combining the current Internet technology and Internet provides a large amount of space and innovative service based on low-cost sensors and wireless communication. Radio Frequency and Cloud computing promote the development of integration of Internet.
It is providing more possibilities of data collecting, data processing, port management and other new services. Every object which connects to Internet requires a unique address or identification with IPv6. There are so many people in the world whose health may suffer because they do not have proper access to hospitals and health monitoring. Due to the latest technology, small wireless solutions which are connected to IoT can make it possible to monitor patients remotely instead of visiting the physical hospital. A variety of sensors which are attached to the body of a patient can be used to get health data securely, and the collected data can be analyzed (by applying some relevant algorithms) and sent to the server using different transmission media (3G/ 4G with base stations or Wi-Fi which is connected to the Internet). All the medical professionals can access and view the data, take decision accordingly to provide services remotely with the passage of time and development of society; people recognize that health is the basic condition of promoting economic development. Some people say that existing public health service and its supportability have been greatly challenged with respect to time. Worldwide the Govern ment and industry are investing billions of dollars for development of IoT computing, and some of these projects include China’s National IoT Plan by Ministry of Industry and IT, European Research Cluster on IoT (IERC), Japan’s u-Strategy, UK’s Future Internet Initiatives and Italian National Project of Netergit . The IoT applications in the field of medical and healthcare will benefit patients to use the best medical assistance, shortest treatment time, low medical costs and most satisfactory service. Health monitoring is important to be checked regularly in order to make sure our body constantly maintain in healthiness and excellent condition. Generally the vital parameters observed for health monitoring such as Heart Rate (HR), temperature, weight, blood pressure, glucose and ECG.
These parameters will interpret some important information regarding to body health, for example high temperatures indicate someone having fever while unstable heart rate is sign to heart problem. One of the methods to do health monitoring is to use remote patient monitoring. This device operates remotely by collecting and sends data to a monitoring station for display, interpretation and s torage for patient history record. Such “home telehealth” applications might include using telemetry devices to capture a specific vital sign. Such services can be used to supplement the use of visiting nurses or to get medical consult from the doctor In a time where hospital error is the 6th leading cause of preventable death, having sensors imbedded in equipment could serve as a line of defense and reliability. With the variety of wireless monitoring services now available, devices can work together to create a comprehensive information network. For e xa mple, sensors could be connected to heart rate, blood pressure, ultrasound, or any number of devices that could automatically relay the information it collects to healthcare professionals. It will make equip ment more effective by allowing real t ime monitoring of patient health. The internet of things (IoT) is the internetworking of physical devices, vehicles (also referred to as ‘connected devices’ and ‘smart devices’), buildings and other items— embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity that enable these objects to collect and exchange data. In 2013 the Global Standards Initiative on Internet of Things (IoT-GSI) defined the IoT as ‘the infrastructure of the information society.’ The IoT allows objects to be sensed and/or controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, and resulting in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit. When IoT is augmented with sensors and actuators, the technology becomes an instance of the more general class of cyber-physical systems, which also encompasses technologies such as smart grids, smart homes, intelligent transportation and smart cities.
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The Arduino Uno Board
The Arduino Uno is a microcontroller board based on the ATmega328 (datasheet). It has 14 digital input/output pins (of which 6 can be used as PWM outputs), 6 analog inputs, a 16 MHz ceramic resonator, a USB connection, a power jack, an ICSP header, and a reset button. It contains everything needed to support the microcontroller; simply connect it to a computer with a USB cable or power it with a AC to DC adapter or battery to get started. It’s an open source physical computing platform based on a simple microcontroller board, and a development environment for writing software for the board.
A Heartbeat sensor is a monitoring device that allows one to measure his or her heart rate in real time or record the heart rate for later study. It provides a simple way to study the heart function. This sensor monitors the flow of blood through the
finger and is designed to give digital output of the heartbeat when a finger is placed on it. When the sensor is working, the beat LED flashes in unis on with each heartbeat. This digital output can be connected to the microcontroller directly to measure the Beats per Minute (BPM) rate. It works on the principle of light modulation by blood flow through finger at each pulse. The Pulse Sensor is a well designed plug and play heart rate sensor for Arduino. It also includes an open source monitoring app that graphs your pulse in real time
Heart rate data can be really useful whether you’re designing an e xerc ise routine, studying your activity or anxiety levels or just want your shirt to blink with your heart beat. The problem is that heart rate can be difficult to measure. Luckily, the Puls e Sensor Amped can solve that problem The Pulse Sensor Amped is a plug-and-play heart-rate sensor for Arduino. It can be used by students, artists, athletes, makers, and game & mobile developers who want to easily incorporate live heart-rate data into their projects. It essentially combines a simple optical heart rate sensor with amplification and noise cancellation circuitry making it fast and easy to get reliable pulse readings. Also, it sips power with just 4mA current draw at 5V so it’s great for mobile applications. Simply clip the Pulse Sensor to your earlobe or finger tip and plug it into your 3 or 5 Volt Arduino and you’re ready to read heart rate! The 24′ cable on the Pulse Sensor is terminated with standard male headers so there’s no soldering required. Of course Arduino exa mple code is available as well as a Processing sketch for visualizing heart rate data arduino board using arduino compiler and the result is thus obtained in the serial monitor of the so called compile.
In These days we have an increased number of heart diseases including increased risk of heart attacks. Our proposed system users sensors that allow to detect heart rate of a person using heartbeat sensing even if the person is at home. The sensor is then interfaced to a microcontroller that allows checking heart rate readings and transmitting them over internet. The user may set the high as well as low levels of heart beat limit. After setting these limits, the system starts monitoring and as soon as patient heart beat goes above a certain limit, the system sends an alert to the controller which then transmits this over the internet and alerts the doctors as well as concerned users. Also the system alerts for lower heartbeats. Whenever the user logs on for monitoring, the system also displays the live heart rate of the patient. Thus concerned ones may monitor heart rate as well get an alert of heart attack to the patient immediately from anywhere and the person can be saved on time. In our proposed research, we tried to propose a complete paper for detecting heart attack using two ways. However, we have some plan about this research. Time of India, a leading newspaper in India published that “Researchers in the United States, within the ne xt decade Heart Microeconomic Microchip will be set in blood vessel of human body. The smart phone will collect data and send the information to us”. Researchers are trying to implement the requirements of Microchip for uses of the technology in smart phone. We will t ry to use this technology in future. If this technology will developed then we can detect heart blockage through this technology by our project.
- Internet of Things: internet of things, https:// en. wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_of_things.
- Effective Ways to Use Internet of Things in the Field of Medical and Smart Health Care: Kaleem ullah,Munam ali Shah,Sijing zhang, IEEE Journal 2016
- IReHMo: An Efficient IoT-Based Remote Health Monitoring System for Smart Regions, Ngo Manh Kohi, Karan.