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Hepatitis and Its Various Types

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In the medical field, a virus named Hepatitis was disclosed by Dr. Baruch Blumberg in 1965. Dr. Baruch Blumberg received a Nobel Prize for his significant discovery that impacted the medical field with its benefits of knowing about the disease. The primary name of Hepatitis was called the ‘Australia Antigen’. ‘Australia Antigen’ was found when scientists looked for an Australian aborigine’s blood sample. This sample was filled with an antibody in the serum of an American hemophilia case. In contemporary world, Hepatitis has a clear meaning, origin, and is divided into types such as Hepatitis A, B, C, and D.

First, Hepatitis is a disease that is described as an inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis has the potential to remain inside of the liver or progress to the extent of fibroids, liver cancer, or cirrhosis. In the old days, hepatitis as a virus was discovered by DNA fossils in bird genomes. According to a published study about genomic bird DNA, “In the beginning, Hepatitis B passed the infection to birds and ancient animals”. Hepatitis is produced by viruses such as hepatitis A, B, C, D, or E.

Hepatitis A is a kind of viral hepatitis. This type of liver disease may have a complication such as acute liver failure. Very often Hepatitis A is asymptomatic and gives signs of existence two to six weeks after the infection. Some popular causes of it are a food or liquid that contains this virus. For example, shellfish is popular seafood and a product is not cooked enough, it commonly causes Hepatitis A. Therefore, in order to discover this disease, a medical worker has to do the blood tests. Significantly, the scientists found a treatment for Hepatitis A that involves surgical intervention such as liver transplantation or supportive care.

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Another type of liver inflammatory disease is Hepatitis B. This is an infectious disease that is caused by hepatitis B virus such as HBV. This disease impacts the lives and is also a type of viral hepatitis. Possibly, Hepatitis B may lead to acute or chronic infection. Multiple amounts of patients have no symptoms of this disease. Sometimes, Hepatitis B progresses to acute infection, and therefore, a patient experiences vomiting, the skin becomes yellow color, a person feels weak, the urine changes color and the density makes it very dark, and a person experience an abnormal pain in the abdominal cavity. Fortunately, in the medical experience, this condition does not have an increased scale of mortality. Blood tests are purposed to diagnose the disease and antiviral medication or liver transportation treats it. So, Hepatitis B can be treated or prevented by a vaccine.

One more kind of Hepatitis is Hepatitis C. Hepatitis C has the same causes as previous types. However, this disease can have mild symptoms or be asymptomatic and causes fever, dark urine, pain in the abdomen, or the skin changes color and becomes dark and yellowish. Some complications might occur such as cirrhosis, liver failure, liver cancer, or dilated blood vessels. This disease spread mostly through blood contact that is related to intravenous drug use, poor sterilization of instrumentations, needles inaccurate work, or transfusions. In addition, Hepatitis C can be treated with medications, liver transplant, and can be prevented with clean needles, or testing donates blood. So, this type of Hepatitis may cause some people to have symptoms and give rise to complications. However, the medical field has enough tools to treat or prevent the spread of this disease.

Hepatitis D is caused by the hepatitis delta virus and it has a view as a small spherical enveloped particle that has a similar appearance as previous types of Hepatitis and is considered to be a satellite a type of subviral. Hepatitis D is a virus that has symptoms such as a feeling of being tired, nausea, and vomiting. Unfortunately, the most complicated stage of Hepatitis D is liver cancer and chronic infections. For diagnostic purposes, medical professionals check for globulin G and treat this disease with antivirals, pegylated interferon-alpha. A medication that is used against the virus is called Bulevirtide.

Hepatitis is a disease that has been know since ancient times and is considered as an inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis has leading causes by a virus and creates an inflammation that affects the way how the liver works. Different types of Hepatitis have multiple ways of how the disease spreads. The most common type spreads through eating or drinking food that includes fecal matters, alcohol consumption, or other reasons. In present times science proposes a medication that treats this sickness or in case of a profound distraction, the liver has to be transplanted.

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Hepatitis and Its Various Types. (2022, September 01). Edubirdie. Retrieved November 29, 2022, from
“Hepatitis and Its Various Types.” Edubirdie, 01 Sept. 2022,
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