How to Solve Air Pollution? Essay
To start this topic, it is well-known that air pollution is an environmental health hazard. NIEHS (2021) stated that air pollution is a mix of hazardous substances from both human-made and natural sources.The air pollution issue is awash with people’s daily life and threatens human’s health standards as well. Air pollution exposure may result in some chronic diseases and cancer. In 2013, the International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organization (WHO) classified air pollution as a human carcinogen (NIEHS, 2021). In this way, it is extremely essential to pin point the effective ways to reduce air pollution.
Air pollution is resulted from gases and particles that emits to the atmosphere by a range of natural sources as well as human activities. Natural sources include volcanic eruptions, sea spray, soil dust, natural vegetation fires and lightning. According to relevant statistics, 93% of global nitrogen emissions and 60% of sulfur oxide emissions come from natural sources.
Most of human activities is the main cause of air pollution, to give some examples, power generation, transportation, industry, residential heating and cooking, agriculture, solvent use, oil and gas production, waste combustion, and construction. Worldwide, human activities account for most of the air pollution they are exposed to. In China, for instance, according to 2011 data, the country’s motor vehicles emit 621,000 tones of PM, while cars contribute 94.9% and emit 590,000 tones of PM. The fine particulate matter is the most detrimental contaminant for human health, which can do a lot of damage to our bodies. These particles are small enough to penetrate deep into our lungs, where they cause inflammation of sensitive lung tissue and can pass into the blood stream, affecting organs like the heart and brain. The WHO estimates that exposure to PM2.5 causes 7 million premature deaths annually. Air pollution may lead to both acute and chronic disease.
There is strong evidence showing that long-term exposure to air pollution enhances the risk for ischaemic heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung and upper aerodigestive cancers, adverse pregnancy outcomes, diabetes and cataracts. Some of the immediate health effects of exposure to air pollution range from irritation of the eyes, nose and throat to shortness of breath. At the same time, some air pollutants cause ‘acid rain’, which engenders a negative effect on the environment by damaging the leaves of plants. Therefore, it can decline plant productivity, and strip the soil of the nutrients that plants need to survive. Acidification of ground and river water can kill fish and insects, and impact other species that depend on them for food. Acid rain is also known to cause damage to buildings and monuments.
As a matter of fact, air pollution is still a severe issue that has not been solved so far in any region, nevertheless, emissions and pollutant concentrations have dropped significantly in many European countries, as well as in the United States, Canada and Japan, where strong policies, regulations and regular monitoring systems have been in place. One of the most famous examples is London, which had some of the worst levels of pollution, earlier than other cities, probably peaking in the year 1900. Since then, air quality in the UK has improved remarkably. Particulate air pollution levels fell by over 97% between 1900 and 2016. Other cities and regions have also shown significant reductions, brought about by similar policies. However, this does not mean that air pollution has been solved. In London – PM2.5 remains higher than the WHO air quality standard.These reductions illustrates that we do know how to solve the problem of air pollution, and that we need policies and technologies to achieve cleaner air.
The air pollution solution I will be talking about today is the Paris Agreement. As Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus the director of WHO said: “The Paris Agreement is potentially the strongest health agreement of this century”. The goal of the Paris Agreement is to make our “response to climate change stronger”. They will do this by “keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even...
WHO air quality model affirms that 90% of the total populace live in places where air quality levels surpass WHO’s Ambient Air quality guidelines. This news is definitely not a surprise to many of us as it has become rather common to look up the sky and see smoke or haze blocking the sun. Before we dive into the topic of pollution in details, let’s take a look at the word pollution. What do we mean we say pollution? Pollution...
The impact that humans have on the environment includes changes to biophysical environments and ecosystems, biodiversity, and natural resources caused directly or indirectly by humans, including global warming, environmental degradation (such as ocean acidification, mass extinction and biodiversity loss, ecological crises, and ecological collapse. Humans use up more resources and the amount and nature can’t replenish those resources fast enough to supply our needs. People, plants, and animals living under the ozone hole are harmed by the solar radiation now...
Los Angeles, California air pollution dilemma stems from the 1940’s, specifically on October 14, 1947, when the first air pollution control program was established, the Los Angeles County Air Pollution District (AQMD, 2019). Beginning in the early 1940’s, numerous gas attacks descended on Los Angeles, California streets. Several gas companies shut down due to the detrimental effects of the smog evading people’s eyes and irritating their throats. In the 1970’s, the catalytic converter was required for all vehicles to reduce...
Air pollution occurs when harmful substances are introduced into Earth’s atmosphere. Air pollution refers to the contamination of the air, regardless of indoors or outdoors. A physical, biological, or chemical alteration to the air in the atmosphere can be termed as pollution. Pakistan is the most polluted country in the world by particulate matter concentration. Air pollution is an emerging environmental issue in the big cities of Pakistan. Dust and smoke particles in Pakistan are generally twice the world average...
In the day of development, the problem of air pollution is much concerned to a point where a wide discussion has been aroused. With the waste-gas exhaust, the pollution is getting worst and the environment people lived in is getting terrible, which is harmful to any living things on the earth. Thus, the government must need to do some things to reduce the air pollution. One efficient method is the government should increase the cost of fuel could help reduce...
The essay presents the environmental injustice of the man-made air pollution in one of the world’s most air polluted city in the Delhi. The scale of injustice in the populous South-Asian cities are massively different than some of the know environmental injustice, the Flint Water crisis, the disaster of 100,000 people in the city of Flint. In contrary, 600,000 people die annually in Delhi due to air pollution related health hazard. Air pollution kills more people annually in the world...
Air pollution is one of the major killers and a threat that affects everything around the world. According to usatoday.com nearly 7 million people die each year from air pollution. We live and breathe in polluted air which puts our health and life in a very high risk. It is comparable to other diseases that cause many deaths like HIV or malaria. If we care about the environment, why haven’t we done anything yet? Do we still have time to...
1. Introduction Pollution is when a harmful substance is introduced to the environment causing damage to living beings. Pollution can be found in many aspects of life such as marine, air, and soil pollution; with air pollution posing a great health risk to humans (Kampa and Castanas, 2007). Air pollution has numerous causes and effects. According to Kampa and Castanas (2007), the main natural sources of air pollution are volcanoes and fire in general and the unnatural source is Industrial...
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