That is part of the beauty of all literature. You discover that your longings are universal longings, that you’re not lonely and isolated from anyone. You belong. You find yourself in the stories you read. You find it comforting and cathartic to read about characters who struggle with the same things you do. You’re experiences, struggles, longings aren’t unique. They’re omnipresent. George Orwell’s dystopian novel, 1984, and Harry Hook’s adaptation film Lord of the Flies can be effectively compared and contrasted to represent the sense of longing, as a product of human behaviour and motivations. Thus allowing us to see the world differently, challenge our assumptions, ignite new ideas and reflect personally. The knowledge about specific ideas such as Using powr and control through fear to manipulate and destruct truth and morality, that we obtain from these texts justifies the universality of many human experiences, giving us the opportunity to interpret that these behaviours and experiences are not unique to us.
Although we may have different cultures, backgrounds, languages, ethnicities, there are certain aspects of life that we can all relate to, and that is, a universal human experience.
Power is a force that needs an object: To have power, a person has to have it over something, or someone. Everybody has a sense of power. Are you happy with your power? Do you sometimes desire more? Too much power within a group or individual can be used to exert their influence over others in order to achieve their own desires. It can lead to too much control and can corrupt a person when given the amount of power. This power can go to extents which allow the person to interpret themselves as invincible, it allows them to instill fear, to manipulate, to betray.
Hook uses Lord Of The Flies to communicate his belief that all people have the hidden inclination to destroy and hurt others without rational cause. On the other hand, Orwell tells of a world that will come about where loyalty, love, hatred, and fear can be corrupted in order to drive a perpetually oppressed society, if we are not careful.
Humans have basic needs which include food, water, and shelter. They also have base emotions and instincts, which are the very things that create humanity. However, these needs and emotions are easily manipulated. While these two stories have dissimilar plots, they do have common experiences. Lord of the Flies, and 1984, both portray the power of the government and the revolts that develop, while expressing a different nature of fear. Both texts have a strong government possessing power and control over all the citizens. They compare in expressing fear but, contrast in showing completely divergent types of fear. Each piece of literature displays jealousy and hatred towards the government which leads to revolts. Each piece provides a sense of building trust, manipulating, and betraying through the use of authority.
This idea, this experience, is universal and is also continuing through time. Though it wouldve sparked many years before we know, one example of this didactic and totalitarian world created in these texts is in 1912, stalin being the leader of the soviet union which called for world Communist revolution in the name of the international working class and advocated, in its propaganda, the eventual disappearance of national, cultural, religious, and economic distinctions. This idea of abuse of power is prevalent to this day where trump, the current president of the United States is a demagogue, a xenophobe, sexist individual who expresses admiration for authoritarian rulers, and evinces authoritarian tendencies himself. And as the disordered days and weeks of the Trump administration lengthen, the characters in “Lord of the Flies” seem to appear on our television screens every day, although in long pants rather than school uniform shorts.
In 1984, the party constantly tells people these three lines; “war is peace, freedom is slavery and ignorance is strength’, and ‘2+2+5’, can you imagine being so brainwashed that you willingly believe that 2+2=5? Similarly in Lord of the Flies, Jack and his band of savages constantly speak of the beast. ‘Maybe there is a beast… maybe its just us’. Simon says this quote allowing them to re evaluate their judgement, although falling straight back into the trap of manipulation. In both instances, the ruling body creates false realities, that their constituents eventually start to believe even though they know that it is a false reality. Moreover, as the citizens begin to believe the lies, they compound on themselves, as eventually the lies become their reality, as the only reality that matters is the reality in the mind. This false reality can also be given a simpler example which I can undoubtedly say has happened to each and everyone of us. Once I found out something about myself which I didn’t even know, from someone I didn’t even know. False words can be created and filled into someones minds to manipulate their beliefs which is effectively what these two texts illustrated.
That is part of the beauty of all literature. You discover that your longings are universal longings, that you’re not lonely and isolated from anyone. You belong.