Table of contents
- What Are Human Rights?
- How Do Human Rights Help You?
- Characteristics of Human Rights
- Historical Outline
- Basic Human Rights
- Right to Liberty and Security
- Is It True that Video Surveillance Cameras Violate People’s Privacy?
- Video Surveillance
In this paper I talk about the history of human rights as a background. But mainly I focused on the right of liberty and security, which protects us against arbitrary unlawful deprivation of liberty. I chose this topic because in my thoughts it is interesting.
What Are Human Rights?
Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that belong to everyone in the world, from birth until death. They are not granted by any state. These universal rights are inherent to all of us, regardless of our nationality, gender, national origin or ethnicity, color, religion, or any other status. Human rights range from the most fundamental, the right to live to those that make life worth living. These fundamental rights are based on shared values such as dignity, fairness, equality, respect and independence. They can never be removed, although they can be restricted for example in case someone breaks the law or if it is of interest of national security.
How Do Human Rights Help You?
Human rights are relevant to all of us, not only for those who are facing repression or ill-treatment. They protect you in many areas of your daily life. They protect your right to have and freely express your opinions, your right to an education, right to a private and family life and your right not to be abused or wrongly punished by the state.
Characteristics of Human Rights
Human rights are inalienable, which implies that they cannot be got rid of and that they are tied to the fundamental fact to human life and are innate altogether.
Human rights are indivisible, which suggests they ought to not be removed. They are linked to the elemental reality of individual and are inherent all told. Human rights are inextricably linked, interdependent, and intertwined. Human rights are inextricably linked to at least one another and can’t be considered separately. One right depends on the practice of the many others, and no right is more essential than the others.
Human rights are universal, which means that they are apply the same way all around the world and without time limit. Everyone has the right to enjoy their fundamentals rights without any kind of distinction being made.
The belief that everyone has the right to certain human rights is fairly new. Its roots, however, lie in the earlier tradition and documents from many cultures; it took the catalyst of World War II to propel human rights onto the global stage and into the global consciousness.
Documents affirming individual rights, such as the Magna Carta (1215), the English Bill of Rights (1689), the French Declaration on the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789), and the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights (1791) are the forerunner of many current human rights documents. Yet many of these documents, when they were initially in politics, excluded women, people of color, and members of certain social, religious, economic, and political groups.
The idea of human rights became stronger after World War II. The extermination by Nazi Germany of more than six million Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, and disabled people has the world horrified. Trials have taken place in many places after the war, and officials of the defeated countries have been punished for having committed war crimes, anti-peace and crimes against humanity. As a result, governments have undertaken to create the United Nations, with the main aim of strengthening international peace and preventing conflicts.
Members of the United Nations are promoting respect for the human rights of all. On December 10, 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the 56 members of the United Nations. The vote was unanimous, although that eight nations chose to abstain. The influence of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been considerable. Its principles have been incorporated into the constitutions of most over 185 countries currently in United Nations.
Basic Human Rights
The list of 30 basic human rights includes: all human beings are free and equal, no discrimination, right to life, no slavery, no torture and inhuman treatment, same right to use law, equal before the law, right to be treated fair by court, no unfair detainment, right to trial, innocent until proved guilty, right to privacy, freedom to movement and residence, right to asylum, right to nationality, right to marry and have family, right to own things, freedom of thought and religion, freedom of opinion and expression, right to assemble, right to democracy, right to social security, right to work, right to rest and holiday, right of social service, right to education, right of cultural and art, freedom around the world, subject to law, human rights can’t be taken away (Nations, 1948).
Right to Liberty and Security
Everyone has the right to liberty and security. This right protects us against arbitrary unlawful deprivation of liberty. As a matter of fact, a person who has been arrested has the right to certain minimums and also the right to be brought to justice without unreasonable delay. In case that you have been arrested the human rights law states that you have the right:
- To be informed in a language that understand why you have been arrested and what charges you face.
- Be brought to court as soon as possible.
- Have a bail subject to certain conditions.
- Have a trial within reasonable time.
- Go to court to challenge your detention if you believe that it is not right.
- Compensation if you have been detained illegally.
Is It True that Video Surveillance Cameras Violate People’s Privacy?
As the use of cameras and listening equipment for both video and audio becomes more common, society as a full is worried with privacy concerns. Many folks regard cameras, especially hidden cameras, as a challenge to their right to privacy. Security experts and facility operators who employ cameras and other monitoring equipment must bear in mind of the moral consequences of doing so. Improper use of monitoring equipment may also end up in punishment of the business or person for violating federal or state laws. Surveillance cameras and video logging in 'public' areas are normally legal. Camera monitoring and video capture is generally not legal in 'private' spaces. A private space is an area in which a normal citizen has 'privacy expectations'. Areas where 'privacy expectations' occur include toilets, bathrooms, lockers, lounges, first aid rooms and related areas. Audio recording legislation is generally much more restrictive than video recording legislation. Although most video cameras allow the recording of audio, many applications use the audio recording option illegal. Any jurisdictions can warrant the posting of a sign stating that the area is being monitored by video or audio.
Cameras that monitor employee work areas are usually legal, but can create moral issues if employees feel that the cameras are getting used to observe their productivity and work habits. The coverage and purpose of cameras and other surveillance devices should be clearly communicated to all or any employees. It is suggested that this subject be included within the company’s employee handbook.
Companies of employers covered by a union or other labor body should ensure that the implementation of cameras or other monitoring equipment does not break any collective bargaining arrangement.
Special care must be enamored hidden camera installations. While it should be tempting to undertake to catch a thief, an improperly obtained recording is useless as evidence and may subject the corporate to legal damages costing way more than any theft would cost. The employment of covert cameras in burglary investigations is not a do-it-yourself project and is best left to expert investigators who are acquainted with applicable laws.
In certain nations, security cameras are almost indispensable. They won’t to only be found in banks and high-security zones, but now a day they will be found in public places such as shopping malls, streets, airports and transportation. Many people feel the surveillance cameras get in their privacy and the majority claim that they do not feel comfortable with them. Many people believe that security cameras bring more problems than benefits, but in fact, the benefits of security cameras outweigh the drawbacks. And that is why I would like to talk about some of the problems and benefits that security cameras have.
Video monitoring is not effective proof video. The recent uptick in the number of terrorist acts is why surveillance cameras are being used. But one in every of the most reasons for its use is to forestall suicides and to facilitate the rapid detection of thieves or murderer. Although quite once someone has been recorded by security cameras and as a result has been shown on television or shared on social networks. The important purpose cameras are often installed is to stop even more serious crimes. But they need not yet shown that they are capable of doing so.
One of the issues with developing a powerful monitoring device is that it will eventually be exploited, as history has demonstrated. Surveillance camera systems may be abused in different ways:
- Police abuse. When it comes to police brutality, certain cops, who are normally corrupt, abuse their authority by using video cameras. Some policemen have abused the cameras for his or her own gain; that’s there are occasions where it’s been shown that officers edited or missed such videos so as to stop being affected.
- Institutional abuse. When an organization does unethical activities, such as spying on other nations or bullying political leaders fighting for a just government, this is known as institutional violence.
- Abuse for personal purposes. Often people use surveillance cameras for their own advantage. There have been instances where someone who works monitoring the videos from the cameras has done favors for several friends, such as watching the friend's girlfriend, stalking people, or harassing others.
- Discriminatory targeting. Humans run video monitoring services, bringing with them all of their pre-existing beliefs and stereotypes. There have been several reports of employees focusing only on persons of color.
Security cameras are very easy to control as they’ll be placed anywhere as long as there’s an influence source nearby. They are available altogether shapes and sizes; some are so small that they’ll be hidden in plants, pictures, etc. But the matter is that security cameras can cost hundreds or maybe thousands of Euros, betting on the features and therefore the number of cameras and surveillance systems purchased. The installation and maintenance of those cameras and systems entail additional costs. But security cameras can deter crime. This can be the most important and most blatant advantage of putting in them. Once they’re in situ, you’ll be able to see the effect on people presently. Whether or not they are placed inconspicuously, people begin to feel safer, which end up in greater peace of mind.
Wherever the cameras are installed, crime is prevented. The mere sight of the camera and therefore the thought of being caught red-handed is intimidating enough to place criminals on their best behavior, as they will know that their identity and criminal activity has been captured.
Having cameras installed in strategic locations is incredibly is useful once you must monitor people’s actions and words during an incident. Cameras, additionally to recording video, are capable of recording audio. This is often especially useful when it involves a legal scenario, where due to a security camera; judicial authorities can see the series of events as they really unfolded. Although the largest objection when it involves privacy is that a lot of people feel that they must be absolve to travel or move a couple of store, mall, street or country without being recorded. They feel that being under constant surveillance is like being in prison, or that people are losing their freedom as a result. One in all the largest complaints the people have is that in many countries the government or authorities are corrupt. In those cases, people don’t trust the protection of cameras because they do not know whether the government or the authorities what are going to do with those images. What I mean is that folks are afraid that the records are going to be tricked to victimize an innocent person.
To reiterate what has been said before, while the utilization of surveillance technology, like surveillance cameras, has obvious benefits, but we must bear in mind that we must balance the requirement for cover with respect for every individual’s privacy and rights. If we do not trust the members of society, we could find ourselves in a very condition kind of like George Orwell’s ‘1984’.