Importance Of Time Management For Project Management
Time management generally is allocated with the process of planning for specific activity based on the information individual has especially to increase effectiveness, efficiency, and productivity . In the project management, for instance, Time management deemed to be a necessity as it is inevitable to change the time due to budget constraint and it regarding the planning based on the budget, resource availability, dependencies activities and overall project duration.
This is a 4-year project including route A and B which will extend to makes transportation more convenient for the eastern and northern part of Adelaide, with a length of approximately 14 and 16 km respectively. The construction of both routes will start concurrently, but route A takes only three years to be finished whereas the other one takes nearly four years. This timeline schedule is estimated through the documents of previous similar projects in Adelaide and by considering part of these routes are located in the main streets which has a large number of commuters as well as cars and buses as the daily basis specifically during the rush hours. Regarding this congestion, the construction team won’t be able to work full time during the day at least for these particular locations which decrease the pace of project development and takes more time to be prepared and built. Therefore, for every 5 kilometres near these main areas, an approximate 8-month duration is considered while for the other parts this period will reduce to 6 months. It is noteworthy to mention that these 5 kilometres serve as the benchmark for this project by the aim of decreasing the traffic problem. Thereby, at the end of finishing construction the first 5-kilometre, the second one will start. The assumptions of the construction schedule are listed below:
As evident in the Gantt chart in Figure 1, required activities are divided into several categories such as contractual, the preparation, procurement, operation and the closure phase. Contractual Phase in which its main concern is contracting with the necessary agencies and requesting for the urban and infrastructural plans of the Adelaide city. Afterwards, the tramway and the target tram stations will be designed in terms of radius and length of the street in the preparation phase. The other part of this phase engages with getting approval for design, locating the estimated situation of the tram stations and calculating the required resources. Additionally, acquire the land in the project boundaries which do not belong to the SA government and relocate the utility and telecommunication cables based on the infrastructural plans, are investigated and decided under this category. The third segment is responsible for procurement of the required materials, equipment and vehicles for the various time interval of the projects regarding the construction, mechanical and electrical installation. Operation phase embraces the wide range of activities such as site clearance, excavation and demolition, infrastructure and installation process, which Gantt chart delineates clearly. Finally, the last two months of the project involved with resolving the possible issues for the flawless closure.
A project milestone is a significant moment or event in the project which has zero duration due to representing the point of time or particular achievement . Milestone paves the way for managers to have a more accurate visualisation of the development of the project. Thus, milestones play an important role in the project management and for such a construction project, building tram light, these are listed as follows:
Dependency represents the relationship between the various activities in the project and is of great value in the project management of each industry. Generally, most of the tasks and activities in the projects rely on each other in terms of depending on either input or output on the others. Followingly, indicating the list of these activities in order, is advantageous and essential regardless of the nature of the project, which are the responsibilities of the project managers. Dependencies can be classified as the internal and external one. Internal dependencies describe the relationship in which the team has control over without the engagement of any third party and for our tram light building project are described briefly as follows:
On the other hand, the external dependencies contribute to the activities that have no control over as they stem from the outside of the team through external parties. This type of dependencies for our proposed project are accounted toward the below sections:
The indispensable part of project management is the schedule control segment. At a glance, schedule control carries out the project advancement process via monitoring and reviewing every task and identified whether the project aligned with the timeline or not that helps the project manager to prioritize the activities in terms of its importance and delay duration and mitigate the potential risk as soon as possible. To do so, using trend analysis and graphical charts is advantageous that considers the project progress and compares the actual start and finish date of each activity with the planned one and notify the project manager of any project variances. Also, thanks to modern technology, the Microsoft project software makes monitoring much easier by providing a variety of options such as determination of the predecessor and successor with the required time duration for adding the leads or lagsand the anticipated finish date in activities.
Thus, any postponement on the activities conducts the project manager to apply modification in the plan. This modification effects on the project component including the scope, schedule and cost baseline, risk register plan and project documents in which update will necessitate .
Regulation of Less Procrastination Time helps us get more out of the day. The activities which need to be accomplished are carried out by having a plan and the individual is conscious of what needs to be done. Task management allows the person to realize when a task has to be done and how long it should take to complete the task. This timetable often requires time to be wasted contemplating which job to complete and also means things are...
Abstract Sherman (2013) proposed that the affirmation of an individual’s self-worth in one area can protect against negative behaviours in other areas. Rubin (2020) hypothesised that greater intentions for using time management strategies will occur in participants who self-affirm before watching a persuasive video message. In the present research, 414 participants who were undergraduate students from an Australian university or from an international participant pool called Prolific responded to an online Britton and Tesser’s TM Questionnaire after completing both, a...
Have you ever procrastinated on a task because you felt that you have all the time in the world? Or have you ever wanted to realize something but was too lazy to act on it? I’m sure all of us have experienced encounters like that before. In my speech, I’m going to touch on the importance of remembering how precious time is and tell you all what the saying ‘time and tide wait for no one’ means. We need to...
Self-reflection is one of the key exercises of observing and reporting one’s thoughts, practices, skills, and their associated outcomes Gläser-Zikuda (2012). It is a conscious effort of realizing and considering areas that need attention and improvement in an individual’s personality. Only after a person has undergone self-realization, one can work towards being a better human being by inculcating self-assessment skills that were lacking previously Gläser-Zikuda (2012). This reflective essay will focus on self-reflection with specific references to time management skills...
Life unfurls in the present. In any case, so regularly, we let the present sneak away, enabling time to surge past imperceptibly and unseized, and wasting the valuable seconds of our lives as we stress over the future and ruminate about what’s past. Therefore, understanding time in a philosophical way is as pointless as filling a bucket with holes to the top. Time is a human concept that can be explained in numerous ways by many different individuals. There is...
Time is the unknown mystery, continued progress and precious thing in our life. Time has been considered important in the sector of human’s life, religion and many others. In several books the concept of time is highlighted as mentioned: “The moment you realize how important time is, your entire perspective will change”. So, this quote realizes that time is one of the valuable aspect and fundamental principle of our life. Therefore, wasting of time is regarded as wasting of money....
Time management is a set of activities, including planning, decision-making, organization, leadership, and control, all aimed at using the human, financial, material, informational, and temporal resources of the organization in an effective and efficient manner, in order to achieve a goal. The notion of management of time was developed in the 1950s and 1960s by one of the first management consultants Frederick Winslow Taylor who took for the first time a calculated, scientific approach to getting things done faster with...
Google has many definitions for work, it is first defined as an activity involving mental or physical effort done in order to achieve a purpose or result. It is also defined as a task or tasks to be undertaken; something a person or thing has to do. My definition of work is simple, I got bills to pay. The motivation to work for the majority is money. And as a college student working as a server is a great way...
A lot of university students complain about running out of time when asked to do a certain task, they get frustrated because they are not able to make it before the deadline. Time management is an ability that every student must not only know but also apply. Time management is extremely important, particularly when it comes to university students since it will boost their grades and improve their productivity (Laurie & Hellsten, 2002). Faisal, Miqdadi, Abdulla & Mohammad (2014) demonstrate...
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