The history of Christianity starts with first radical acts- “Apostolic Conference” or “Council of Jerusalem”. This religion began as association within “Judaism”, Jewish people were controlled both ethnically and diplomatically by foreign authorities. In 8th century BCE Israel religion stranded by pressure between “monotheism” (monotheism is about faith, believing in only one God) and salvation (salvation is protection from damage). Israel believed that God especially chose Israel.
Moreover, universalistic inclination has been applied throughout the kingdoms in the east lands of Roman Empire. The distribution of Jews had great role in this spreading throughout kingdoms in Hellenistic Age. In that era, Syrian king wanted to enforce Greek culture in Palestine and triggered zealous resistance, this situation led to the rebellion of Judas against Antiochus. The main purpose of Palestinian Judaism was estrangement and singularity. There were division between Jewish people; some of them welcomed Greek culture, however, others behaved strict on keeping Jewish customs, festivals and cuisine. Jewish people believed that their people should own Israel lands under Abraham ruling. They liked radical freedom under the ruling of kings. In that time, nation used political servility. Jews’ power reached maximum level in the first quarter of first century BCE. In fact, it did not last long, the large state and union broke Jews’ freedom from the west of Rome.
Moreover, Roman Empire was powerful in the initiation of Christianity. In that time, Rome expanded power over western Mediterranean world. The Romans were warlike people; they were very successful in battles. Following, this situation led to the civic war and it affected huge amount of Mediterranean world. As a result of this war, only one victor emerged, Octavian Caesar and people called him Augustus. Augustus governed the country until his passing. The Roman world viewed the strengthening of power of army over an empire (it was beforehand the confinement of Jesus). The inner ceasefire was done through fright and brutal power. From the cultural perspective, the roman people had separate civilization from Egyptians. In the east, urban life was essential. Roman people trusted rich elite people for collecting taxes because in that time, Roman empire had no civil facility. Moreover, Jewish people of Judaea were living peripheral life. Rome contacted with Judaea in 2nd century BCE, however, Judaea influenced from Roma only in 63 BCE. In fact, this region did not depend economically on Rome. Moreover, the initiation of Roman rule in Judaea led to rebellion. Following, throughout the time, Jewish and Roman relations became grumpy until 66 CE.
This situation led to the devastation of Jerusalem and the Temple. Destruction of the Temple was very harmful for region because it was socially and cost-effectively important for Jerusalem. The significance of this region relates to its religious occupation. Polytheism was obvious factor in Roman world, in contrast there were belief in several gods. There were indefinite number of gods and this situation was only a problem for mythical people. The old polytheism was fundamentally traditional and varied depending on region. In fact, earliest paganism was not immobile. However, indirect changes can be seen, this is not applied when Christianity has been created. The rise of the church and Christianity started around 30 CE with the execution of Jesus.
The teachers did an effort for no one but Jesus in Judaea. This is because, Jesus had significant influence on his followers. According to historical facts, Jesus’s killing, revival and praise was more remarkable than his teachings. After Jesus’s death, his supporters in Judaea remained as recognizable assembly. Those supporters were congenital Jewish people, they were living calm life and joining in Temple rituals. After many years, in the Hadrian ruling times (it was years 117-137 BCE), Christians mostly were living in Greece, Syria and in Rome. Scholars emphasized that, uniformity of belief and practice emerged on second century and first Christians were very open-minded towards variation. Moreover, Christians believed also in “third race” that differs from Jewish people. In fact, pagans and Jews were motivated to permit wide freedom in views. This means, accuracy mattered only in details of unusual exercise. When the apostolic age ended in 75 BCE, Christian people trusted their offices for monarchial power. In order to keep behaviors stable, communal rules like “Didache” have been established. On the other hand, Jewish people created an organization that constructed religious papers.
Furthermore, Christians espoused rough arrogance to sex, strictly opposed homosexuality and abortion. Their worshipping was different from standard form of worshipping because they did not have enough sanctuaries or sacred places to worship. First Christians developed ceremonies for open love, for example, emblematic exchange onto the person of the soul of the awesome by laying of hands and submersion with water to mean absolution of sins just as passage into the get together of Christ. The coming of the coming the soul could be perceived in some by their overjoyed articulations before their individual admirers, taken as significant proof of the operations of the awesome regardless of whether not all Christians carried on thusly. In the standard week after week get-togethers the focal demonstration of love, effectively expected in numerous spots in the New Testament, was the Eucharist, a custom fellowshipping and drinking of a cup of wine in memory of Jesus proposed both to express happy thanks and to carry celebrants into sacrosanct fellowship with their Lord.
Likewise, with the remainder of Christian life endeavors were made by certain Christians to force consistency upon sacrament with fractional achievement. Past such mutual love singular devotion to the confidence could be appeared most importantly by normal fasts, a strategy imparted to other Jewish gatherings, and by abstention from sexual relations. There is still a lot of discussion with respect to how settled these types of Christian life had progressed toward becoming when of Hadrian. In pretty much every perspective it was conceivable to discover a few people who characterized themselves as Christian but behaved in an unexpected way. This was not only a question of wide land dispersal, in spite of the fact that this was a significant factor. Broadly contrasting kinds of Christians lived nearby each other even in longer settled networks.
Accordingly in Rome toward the finish of the primary century the frames of mind of the moderate Clement, with his craving for amicability and request inside the Church and society, balance notably with the eschatological theory of The Shepherd of Hermas, a work whose guarantee to have been composed by a contemporary of Clement is likely to be acknowledged notwithstanding a custom in days of yore that it was not created until the mid-second century. In Asia Minor Cerinthus appears to have held in c. 100 CE that the world was not made by the preeminent God; it was said that John, the follower of the Lord, came up short on the bathhouse at Ephesus on discovering that Cerinthus was there.