Metabolism as an Important Factor in Maintaining the Health of the Whole Body System
Metabolism is defined as the summation of all chemical reactions that occur and are involved inside of any cell or organism. Metabolism has two potential categories: catabolism and anabolism. In catabolism, molecules are broken down producing energy. In anabolism, combinations of certain compounds that are needed by the cells are produced including: DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis. The definition of bioenergetics is the metabolic passageways a cell takes to acquire certain energies. Nutrition science studies the specific relationships with food matters and living things.
Metabolism is a compilation of chemical reactions that takes place within a cell. Metabolism primarily deals with the food we eat. It changes the fuel in the food into the necessary energy to command every single action that one does. This can be a wide range of activities from movements such as walking or typing to physiological actions as complex as cardiopulmonary and cardiovascular pumping. The energy that is produced in the metabolic chemical reactions is neither solar nor thermal energy, but rather ATP energy. ATP, also known as Adenine triphosphate, is a nucleotide, which is a monomer of a protein, that can store and transfer energy very diligently either around the cell or intercellular. ATP is the particle that helps us control all of our bodily functions pertaining to the cells in our body, so everything from breathing to digesting is strongly aided by ATP energy. Chemically, ATP is simply a nucleotide of adenine bonded to three phosphates where most of the energy is stored in-between the second and the third phosphate group. The energy that is located between these two groups is attributed as the main factor in most of the chemical reactions throughout the body. The ATP is arguably the most important particle in our cells due to the simple fact of if all ATP production in an organism’s cells, then very soon, that organism would perish since there is no force to keep the cells active (Marie, 2016).
Catabolism is one of the first and most crucial steps in the metabolism process. Catabolism is primarily the arrangements of enzyme-induced reactions from which larger molecules in majority of living cells are broken down or corrupted. Part of the chemical energy released throughout catabolic processes is saved in the form of energy-rich compounds. Energy is only released in three phases. In the first stage, large molecules like proteins, polysaccharides, and lipids are broken down; small amounts of energy are released in the form of thermal energy in these expansions. In the second phase, the small molecules are exposed to copious amounts of oxygen, freeing chemical energy to form ATP as well as heat energy, to form a variety of compounds including: acetate, oxaloacetate, or a-oxoglutarate. These are exposed to carbon dioxide during the third phase, a repeated reaction series called the tricarboxylic acid (Krebs) cycle. Hydrogen particles or electrons from the transitional combinations formed during the cycle are transmitted through a succession of carrier molecules eventually to oxygen, forming water (H20). These procedures are known also as terminal respiration and oxidative phosphorylation (Bubnis, 2018).
Anabolism is the second and arguably most important phase of the metabolism process. Anabolism is the set of metabolic passageways that synthesizes molecules from smaller components. These reactions involve energy, otherwise known as an endergonic procedure. One way of classifying metabolic procedures, whether at the cellular, organ or organism level, is anabolic, which is the opposite and accordingly the split of a macromolecule. Anabolism is fueled by catabolism, where large molecules are broken down into smaller parts and then consumed in cellular respiration. Most anabolic practices are driven by the addition of water to adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Anabolic processes generally lean toward generating organs and tissues. These processes produce development and variation of cells and increase in bulk size, a process that involves production of intricate molecules. Examples of anabolic processes are growth and mineralization of bone and muscle mass. Endocrinologists usually classify hormones as anabolic or catabolic depending on which part of metabolism they fuel. The standard anabolic hormones are the anabolic steroids, which encourage protein synthesis, muscle development, and insulin. The balance between anabolism and catabolism is also regulated by daily patterns, with processes such as glucose metabolism changing to match an animal’s average intervals of action throughout the day (Bubnis, 2018).
While metabolism may have several parts, it can also fluctuate greatly. Metabolism can be both low and high. An organism with a low metabolism has problems breaking down fats and lipids as easily as an organism with a high metabolism. Low metabolism is usually characterized by the fact of catabolism not working fast enough to keep up with the intake of different proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates. Many factors, including age, sex (gender), and body size can affect one’s metabolism. For, example, as one ages, his/her muscle mass depletes, which slows down his or her metabolic rate. Additionally, men generally have less body fat and more muscle mass than women do, so on average, a man burns more calories more quickly than a woman. Also, if one weighs more or has a higher muscle mass, they will burn more calories, even while resting than compared to someone with significantly less body fat or muscle mass. Many people in today’s society believe that those who are heavier are less inclined to have a low metabolism but that is not always the case with every individual in today’s world (Hensrud, 2015).
There are an excessive amount of ways to increase your metabolism rate. One of many ways is to eat a copious amount of protein at every meal. This is because it makes one feel full to prevent overeating. Also it would be very beneficial to drink more cold water than sugary drinks due to the large amounts of calories in them. Working out also benefits in losing calories greatly. Additionally, sitting down too often is fairly bad for one’s health so it would be better to stand. Eating spicy foods can also significantly boost your metabolism due to the large amount of capsaicin found in most peppers and spices. There are numerous other ways to increase the metabolism rate in one’s body as well such as drinking green tea and coffee, getting enough sleep, and using coconut oil in foods to reduce the amount of saturated fats included (West, 2018).
So in summation, metabolism is a very crucial factor in keeping a body system healthy all together. Metabolism is a very long and drawn out process of ingesting and decomposing many different types of foods and beverages. Metabolism has many different components to it such as anabolism and catabolism. Anabolism is a process that makes reactions that ultimately produce the proteins that assist in forming the muscles and many other parts of the body. Catabolism is the process of creating energy through terminal respiration and oxidative phosphorylation that can later be used in processes such as anabolism and cellular respiration. There are those in the world who can have high metabolism and those who will have low metabolism, yet there is a way to change that. Rather, there are many ways to change your metabolism rate such as: a healthy diet that includes a large amount of proteins, excessive workouts, and an all around healthy lifestyle. Without metabolism, most of the world’s organisms would be in chronic danger and that is why it is such an important topic for studies.
Metabolism is what sustains life, it is the sum of chemical processes happening inside your body to keep you well and functioning at your fullest. From breathing to digestion and even the nervous network which is helping you to coordinate with the outside environment is a part of your metabolism. It is an autonomic process (which means you get to control any part of it) and is controlled by our brain. In short metabolism is the basis for all forms...
Define Homeostasis Homeostasis refers to the property of cells, tissues, and organizes that regulates its internal environment and tends to keep up the regulation of the steadiness and constancy required to function properly. The body must constantly keep track of its internal conditions to keep up homeostasis. From body temperature to blood pressure to levels of distinct nutrients, each physiological condition encompasses a specific set point. A set point refers to the physiological value around which the typical range fluctuates....
Introduction Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, has been historically accountable for greater than 200 million deaths throughout three pandemics. Zoonotic maintenance of plague occurs through the ability of it propagation and circulation amongst rodent reservoir hosts and flea vectors. Upon consumption of an infected mammalian blood meal by a naïve flea, Y. pestis proliferates in the flea midgut. Y. pestis forms a biofilm in the flea proventriculus which prevents the passage of blood during subsequent feeding attempts. Moreover,...
Fad Diets: Worse for Health than Being Overweight? All around the world each day, people fret over the numbers on the scale, the size of their clothes, and whether they went over their daily calorie limits. Everything from carbs, fats, and proteins to strict lists of “okay” foods are limited and closely monitored in hopes of losing weight while religiously following the newest diet promising quick results. Dozens upon dozens of well-known diets all have different reasonings for their supposed...
We all love to eat, in fact, it’s essential for us to eat. However, most people don’t actually seem to care about the amount they are taking into their bodies until it’s affecting them in a way they a not fond of. For example, you may be asking yourself why is so and so not getting fat and I am yet we eat about the same, or maybe you say to yourself okay so I’m not trying to lose weight,...
Discussion In the present study, we investigated the effects of lifelong, moderate-intensity exercise on blood metabolites through an NMR-based metabolomics approach. By comparing a lifelong exercise group, two long-term exercise groups, and a group that did not exercise, we found that moderate-intensity exercise has a strong effect on the blood metabolome up until midlife. From midlife to elderhood, the effect of aging becomes stronger than that of exercise. This unexpected finding comes in agreement with a study conducted by Falegan...
Obesity among adults is a rampant problem worldwide. Being obese means a person has an excessive accumulation of body fat. It can be very dangerous and even life threatening to some. It’s not just being fat. Obesity is a major contributor to preventable, fatal diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and more. All of these diseases could have more than likely been prevented if said person took better care of himself or herself. People are consuming too...
Metabolism Introduction Metabolism is biochemical system that the body uses to convert food to energy in order to maintain life and can be fully simulated at genome scale. Metabolism is partly genetic and largely outside of one’s control and changing it is always a matter of an ongoing considerable debate. In biology, metabolism is the only system that can be simulated at genome scale and is the best indicator for the cell’s physiological state and the biggest biological network fully...
These days individuals have accepted that for each 1 pound of muscle you gain, your body consumes an extra 50 calories. On paper, this sounds great. But it is not true, sadly. When we speak about metabolism like it’s something, we can control by swallowing a pill, bringing down some green tea, or running quicker. Let’s be evident about one thing: miracle metabolism boosters are not there. Regardless of what you find in promotions or hear in your running circles,...
01 / 09
Fair Use Policy
EduBirdie considers academic integrity to be the essential part of the learning process and does not support any violation of the academic standards. Should you have any questions regarding our Fair Use Policy or become aware of any violations, please do not hesitate to contact us via firstname.lastname@example.org.
We are here 24/7 to write your paper in as fast as 3 hours.