Introduction and Thesis Various type of behaviors will be performed by the secondary school student in the classroom and these behaviors can be explained by developmental theories, such as Piaget’s cognitive development theory and Erikson’s psychosocial development theory. All this behavior can cause positive and negative impact in the classroom. Majority of the students often perform a negative behavior which lack of motivation, lose focus and lose track of the purpose being at school mainly because of the transition from...
1.0 Introduction Depression is a common mental illness caused by a consistent feeling of sadness and a general loss of interest in events individuals commonly enjoy, followed by an inability to perform everyday tasks for a prolonged period of time. Moreover, Individuals with depression generally exhibit the following characteristics; Lack of Energy and fatigue, changes are eating and sleeping patterns, reduced concentration, General loss of motivation in life and feelings of worthlessness and in extreme cases thoughts of self-harm and...
ABSTRACT Psychologists define attitudes as a learned tendency to evaluate things in a certain way. The behavioural component of attitudes is important because people draw inferences about the attitudes, beliefs, values, and intentions of an individual by observing what they say and what they do. In this situation a tea plantation in Jorhat has brought in an automatic machine for cutting tea leaves which the workers are resisting. Operant conditioning can be used to strengthen desirable attitudes and weaken undesirable...
There are various factors that contribute to an individual’s behavior. Three main factors that affect a person’s behavior are classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational learning which is often referred to as imitation or modeling. Each factor differs in the way it teaches the individual to learn and adapt. Classical conditioning teaches individuals to associate one stimulus with another while operant conditioning teaches that a behavior provokes a certain response which may be positive or negative. Modeling is learning by...
When I was younger, I was very active and loved to play sports and with that the most important thing was to drink water. As I grew older, I had to stop playing volleyball due to a hand injury and my healthy lifestyle fell into last priority. To stay hydrated and fed I would mostly drink protein shakes or energy drinks to keep my energy levels high but as I mature the more, I realize how I’m not taking care...
Get a unique paper that meets your instructions
800+ verified writers
can handle your paper.
Burrhus Frederic Skinner was born and raised in Susquehanna, Pennsylvania. During high school, Skinner developed a interest in scientific reasoning from his studying the works of Francis Bacon. He went on to receive a B.A. in English literature in 1926 from Hamilton College. After earning his undergraduate degree, he decided to become a writer. During this time, he wrote a few short newspaper articles and quickly grew to dislike his own writings despite receiving needed encouragement and mentorship from the...
When there is an experience or reinforced practice in someone behavior that is permanent, then we say learning has taken place. This is very important in determining a behavior of a person in a psychological process. Operant conditioning is a behavioral theory that assumes with positive reinforcement and negative behavior being punished then we are able to experience the best learning. It is also referred to as Instrumental learning. Ivan Pavlov and B.F Skinner were some of those instrumental in...
In understanding operant conditioning, a human person has to first define what are the things he or she likes (reward) and does not like (punishment). In the case of Mr. Tan’s class, the behavior to influence is the students’ disinterest in learning. That the behavior is adopted uniformly across the classroom may be due each individual student’s doubt on their sense of self. Skinner proposes that if a behaviour is followed by reinforcement, that behaviour is more likely to be...
Introduction Swearing refers to the use of profane or obscene language (Swear, n.d.). Swearing is seen as obscene and inappropriate behaviour, and yet many people use swear words in their daily lives. Several studies support the use of swearing. Baruch, Prouska, Ollier-Malaterre & Bunk (2017) argued that swearing has positive benefits, such as stress-relief, communication-enrichment and socialization-enhancement. The notion that swearing has its uses is also supported by Stephens, Atkins & Kingston (2009), whose study found that participants who swore...
Operant conditioning is a learning principle put forward by an American psychologist B.F Skinner. This type of learning is based on the cause-and-effect relationship between a behavior and its consequences. Operant conditioning in short is based upon the concept that when we reward a behavior, it increases and when we punish a behavior, it decreases. A substance or activity becomes addictive if it is rewarding according to operant conditioning; i.e., if it is pleasurable or enjoyable (at least in the...
How do companies get us to buy their products. Is it magic, or is it just their stellar advertising? Every day we see advertisements on the internet, in the stores, on social media, or on billboards. Advertisers use a tactic called conditioning to get us to give them our money. There are three main types of conditioning that people use to get us to learn to buy their ‘products’. The three main types are: classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational...
In old-style shaping, an unconditioned improvement prompts an unconditioned response (a trademark reaction to the UCS). An unbiased redesign (NS) becomes coordinated with an unconditioned improvement (UCS). This is in like manner considered the Pavlovian embellishment in light of the fact that Ivan Pavlov discovered old-style forming in a preliminary including dogs. At last, the coordinating of the NS and the UCS prompts a UCR. The shaped update (CS), which used to be the NS, will be connected with a...