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Rene Descartes And His Contributions To The Modern World Of Psychology

Psychology studies always has been a debate among scholars so that they can prove their theory with an already existing theories in a certain field of study. Historical perspectives of Psychology has always help them in order to open ideas and thoughts among psychologists. Few pioneers such Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson and many more does really widen up the perception of a psychologist to explore some new ideas until now. Psychology is a combination of two parents known as Philosophy...
2 Pages 974 Words

Locke Defence For A Right To Private Property And The Unlimited Accumulation Of Goods

John Locke was an English philosopher and physician widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers, commonly known as the ‘Father of Liberalism’. Locke’s most famous 123 work ‘Second Treatise’, sets out a liberal premise of a community of free, equal individuals, all possessed of natural rights. Since these individuals will want to acquire goods and will come into inevitable conflict, he invokes a natural law of morality to govern them before they enter into society. There...
5 Pages 2256 Words

Soren Kierkegaard: Father Of Existentialism

Soren Aabye Kierkegaard was an early 19th-century Danish philosopher. He was born in Copenhagen on May 5, 1813, and died on November 11, 1855. An understanding of Kierkegaard’s biography is important as his relationships with his father, Michael Pedersen Kierkegaard, and his fiancée, Regine Olsen, shaped him into a philosopher. Kierkegaard inherited melancholy, the sense of guilt and anxiety as well as being overly devotional towards Christianity from his father. Michael was guilty of having cursed God as a boy...
3 Pages 1362 Words

The Conception Of The Cave In Plato's The Republic

The text I will be interpreting is by Plato is The Republic. The Republic discussed equity, order, character of the just city-state, and consequently the just man. The dialogue is predicated off of a Socratic dialogue. Plato’s main argument within the dialogue was that kings should become philosophers or philosophers should become kings. He celebrated this because they have a high caliber of cognizance. This is consequential to the opportunity to rule the Republic. The Republic’s main details are the...
3 Pages 1528 Words

Aristotle's Views And Key Interpretations In The Christopher Shields' Book

Aristotle by Christopher Shields is a well written book about Aristotle’s philosophy and his thoughts on ethics and how it plays a part in human nature, politics and arts. The different parts discuss Aristotle’s life and works, his thoughts on human nature, his views on the soul, his philosophical methodology and his four-cause conception of explanation. The book begins with a short biography of Aristotle where Shields asks the reader to approach Aristotle’s work with an open mind and not...
2 Pages 812 Words

The Contribution Of Greek And Roman Civilization To The Development Of Mathematics

When the empire of the Greek began to spread all over the world especially into Asia, the Greeks were so clever and smart that they could adopt and adapt useful factors or elements from the communities they invaded. In fact they adapted many elements of mathematics from both the Babylonians and the Egyptians. However , the Greek began at once to develop and to make important contributions in the field of mathematics . One of these contributions is one of...
2 Pages 832 Words

Nicomachean Ethics: Ideas And Arguments

Throughout the history of humankind, the ethical question of whether or not humans should pursue ultimate happiness without boundaries is often a source of philosophical discourse. Such a question has resulted in many interpretations and theories that have led to extreme violence, oppression, and affliction. Defining what ultimate happiness is and examining if it is possible to achieve such a concept will aid in comprehending such a perplexing question. This investigation will lead to a discussion about whether it is...
3 Pages 1531 Words

Leviathan And Thomas Hobbes

By developing of Machiavelli’s political theory and ideas based on the government in a philosophic way that influenced the important names such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Locke, and Immanuel Kant, Thomas Hobbes, being among the founders of modern political philosophy, emphasized the importance of the social contract and the state of human nature in his well-known work called Leviathan in the 17th century. Thomas Hobbes is considered as a substantial English philosopher since not only his reputation still goes on,...
7 Pages 2995 Words

The Personality Of Chris Watts Through The Theories Of Carl Jung And Sigmund Freud

Introduction: The Dual Personality of Chris Watts Criminals often have two sides to them, a good and bad but can it be possible to keep one side hidden? In the case of Chris Watts, it is. Personality has many sides and this paper will analyze the personality of Chris Watts through the theories of Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud The character we display in our occupation is not the same as at home. When alone we have no one to...
5 Pages 2355 Words

Life And Contributions Of John Dewey

There are so many legendary people who have contributed to the education process over the past 150 years. However, John Dewey has been a major contributor and tried to change the curriculum to better the students and their adulthood. There will be a few areas that will be discussed in this research paper. The first is will be the background of John Dewey. The second area will be the work that John Dewey contributed to the education system and social...
4 Pages 1768 Words

John Locke's Contribution To Justice System

When reading on who might be the one person who had made the biggest contribution to how law and justice are seen today, I chose John Locke. John Locke is one of the most influential philosophers of our modern time (Tuckerness, 2016). John Locke was an English Philosopher, whose contributions to law and justice and the government changed the modern era for the better. The events and time when he was growing, really shaped the way he thought, and the...
1 Page 379 Words

Background Information On Pythagoras' Life And Works

Pythagoras’s journey began in Samos, Ionia at the time of 570 BCE and he sadly died in Metapontum, Lucanium at the time of 500-490 BCE. Pythagoras got a good quality education because his father (Mnesarchus) was wealthy merchant. He possibly studied in Babylon and Egypt where he may have learnt from the greatest Greek professors. In around 532 BCE, Pythagoras moved to the South of Italy to escape Samos’s cruel orders. Then Pythagoras became one of the most well-known Greek...
1 Page 385 Words

The Justification Of Socrates Death In The Works Socrates Against Athens And Socrates

The focus of the investigation presented queries; to what extent was Socrates’s death justified due to his involvement in the radical democracy of Ancient Greece? Thus, “Socrates against Athens,” written by Colaiaco and analytically interpreted by Smith and “Socrates,” written and edited by a series of editors and historians are two precise selects, to benefit the value and precision of the investigation. Insight, proof and examination have been professionally delivered with objective reasoning through detailed and differentiating perspectives of the...
3 Pages 1382 Words

Life And Contributions Of Niccolo Machiavelli

On May 3, 1469, a man by the name of Niccolò Machiavelli, was born in Florence, Italy. Known as the father of modern political theory, he was most famous for his strong efforts in his book titled, “The Prince.” This book alone gave a clear indication that Machiavelli was a non-believer and yet pessimistic. In his early life at that time in the thirteenth century and forward, Machiavelli’s family was very rich and conspicuous, as they were known for holding...
2 Pages 947 Words

Jung’s Anima In Connection To Winnebago Trickster

“The soldier, as I shall show, has no means to connect his inner being to his social role; what Jung signifies by ‘trickster’ is lacking” (Rowland). Trickster prompts the existence of the animalistic traits that each individual possesses. Carl Gustav Jung, a psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, divides our unconsciousness based on the genders. Animus represents male unconsciousness which is present at females, while Anima is female unconsciousness which can be found in males. Trickster’s breaking of cultural and social norms is...
3 Pages 1372 Words

The Significance Of Tolerance In Solving Civil War: Based On Locke’s Theory

Introduction This is essay is about the significance of tolerance in solving civil war based on locks theory we want more know about this subject and discus about it also know what is tolerance and more explained it at the first we start discus about tolerance and explained it the we want talk about virtues of civil society more ever get some information about civil society` what locks view about this case , then about lock’s tolerance at the end...
4 Pages 1924 Words

Julius Caesar As The Best Ruler As Depicted In The Prince By Machiavelli

In Machiavelli’s, The Prince, he discusses with the reader what a prince should look like and how he should act in the presence of his kingdom. Many of these traits are what everyone man and woman should follow, including being compassionate, strong, and intelligent. Consequently, Machiavelli really focuses on the traits of a true prince, such as Julius Caesar. Caesar was a ruler who ruled by force, kept his word, and had his hands on cruelty and mercy. These three...
2 Pages 954 Words

Machiavelli And The Art Of War

Niccolo Machiavelli’s views on military have been misinterpreted since his work on The Prince was first written, readers take his thought of how a country should be ruled the wrong way, and are offended and displeased by his views. They think that he believes that the end justifies the means, that a leader should lie to the people, and that a ruler has to rule with force and punishment. In actuality, Machiavelli means no such thing, he describes that there...
3 Pages 1149 Words

Similarities Between Hobbes and Rousseau

Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries emergence of various works on political philosophy emerged, giving current political scholars a meaningful and rational foundation on politics and society. Various works have constructed a core knowledge and have influenced how we view the world around us today. Political philosophy seeks the application of ethical concepts in regards to the social sphere, and in turn, deals with the variety of forms of government and social existence that people could live in. In return,...
6 Pages 2507 Words

Albert Camus: Contributions To Philosophy And Literature

Albert Camus (1913–1960) was a French-Algerian philosopher, journalist and novelist. Perhaps not as much of a philosopher (as he denied himself to be) as a novelist with a strong philosophical bent, he is most famous for his work on the Myth of Sisyphus and his novels of ideas, such as The Stranger and The Plague. Camus used both his fictional novels alongside with the Myth of Sisyphus in contest with philosophy itself to present his central concern of what Camus...
7 Pages 3011 Words

Socrates' Views On Problem, Morality, Life Meaning And Death

Socrates’ Worldview The goal of this paper is to accumulate and examine the views of Socrates according to four of the eight fundamental questions. Excerpts from Defence of Socrates, Euthyphro, and Crito by Plato will be used in this essay. The text from Defence of Socrates, Euthyphro, and Crito will be shortened for in-text citations to eliminate confusion and unnecessary information. All statements and original ideas in this paper have been formulated using these sources. Condition/Problem Most people are further...
5 Pages 2307 Words

How Did Rousseau Theory Influence Equality And Democracy Today?

Before start answering this question we need to know who was Jean Jacques Rousseau and the meaning of equality and democracy. Jean Jacques Rousseau was a Swiss philosopher known because of one of his works called general will, which is a theory collectively held will that aims at the common good or common interest, this theory supports Rousseau’s political thought that was a modern republican thought. Rousseau referred the general will as a way where everyone was going to have...
2 Pages 771 Words

Is Machiavelli a Teacher of Evil

Niccolò Machiavelli was a political thinker, philosopher and diplomat in Renaissance Italy. His most famous text, The Prince, was controversial; leading to him being labelled an immoralist and a teacher of evil. Machiavelli’s ideologies held in The Prince were an outlandish step in political thought; disregarding a large proportion of the beliefs that were held in the texts of antiquity which had seen a revival in the Renaissance period. In The Prince, Machiavelli defends and promotes the use of violence...
4 Pages 1730 Words

Thomas Hobbes: Nature Of Egoism

There are numerous theories that have been innovated since the beginning of time. From the Greeks, the Renaissance, and to Thomas Hobbes there has always been a new theory to human nature. Thomas Hobbes introduced the nature of egoism and the factors along with it. Egoism is the way humans are and how we are meant to be. According to Hobbes, egoism is someone, who only acts in their own interests. Even if that person claims that they did something...
3 Pages 1319 Words

John Locke: A Contradictory Philosophical Thinker

John Locke, arguably one of the most influential contemporary figures to shape the modern western world, but also, arguably one of the most contradictory. Within his work, Second Treatise of Government, Locke explores numerous political concepts such as the idea that as members of society, we consent to have a government and we consent to our government taking some of our freedoms in exchange for the protection of life, liberty, and property. In addition, Locke also explores other concepts such...
6 Pages 2635 Words

Ancient Political Philosophy: Plato And Aristotle

Ancient political philosophy was mainly based on the premise that human potential is fulfilled in the Polis and on the citizen life itself. It encompassed ethics, justice, and politeia, (constitutions) thus implying how society is or how it should be organized (M. Lane, 2018). From that period many of the most relevant concepts and works came from the all-time most important philosophers, that set the foundations of Western Philosophy and the Political discourse of more than two millennia – Plato...
3 Pages 1384 Words

Aristotle, Mills And Kant's Views On Factory Farming

I will argue that factory farming is not ethical because the act is not virtuous, promotes the reverse of happiness, and disregards moral act of duty. Then explore and explain the philosophical views and theories of Aristotle, James Mills and Immanuel Kant. Through the lenses of their arguments, I will deduce whether they would consider factory farming as an ethical practice or not. Factory Farming Factory Farming can be defined as the raising of farm animals in poor and often...
3 Pages 1171 Words

Machiavelli's Obsession With Violence In His Works

In Machiavelli’s various works, he propagates the usage of violence in them. So much so that it is impossible not to think of violence when you think of him. He utilises the The Prince to convey messages of mass killings and near genocides as a means of maintaining power as a ruler. It is evident that he advocates for its necessity. In his short story Belfagor, he writes about how this demon violently possess women and mob chasings. Machiavelli is...
4 Pages 1796 Words

The Meaning And Importance Of Plato's Allegory Of The Cave

The Allegory of the Cave is the story written by the Greek philosopher Plato, who was the founder of the Platonist school of academy and thought. He presented this story as the dialogues between two people. An allegory refers to a deeper meaning in this story everything is illustrating something else. In this story Plato, tells that most of us are living in world where all of us are covered with fake environment unknown to reality. In this essay, I...
2 Pages 967 Words

Human Nature: Kant And Hobbes Approaches

Kant and Hobbes propose distinct theories regarding human nature which shows their different conceptions of ethics. Both philosophers define what it means to be morally “good” in their own way and this leads to their thoughts surrounding human life in its simplest form. Each different representation of human nature can be displayed through different laws and theories presented by each philosopher. There can be similarities found in-between the lines of each method presented but, there are mostly unique ideas separating...
3 Pages 1499 Words
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