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Political Science and International Relations: Analytical Essay

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One of the scopes of political science is international relations. Analysis of national interactions with each other, with international organizations, and with several subnational entities such as political parties, bureaucracies, and even interest groups. Applied political science, the history of civilization about a country, history, economics, law, human psychology, sociology, and philosophy of life are some of the disciplines of academic and other educational resources related to it. (Pfaltzgraff, R, 2019). Political science and international relations are interrelated and interconnected disciplines that investigate power and politics in a variety of contexts. They provide definitions for explaining, justifying, and criticizing the modern world. They see philosophies like colonialism and socialism. They see new rights, moral fundamentalism, and postmodernism as thought processes. They see initiatives for justice, progress, gender equality, and environmental conservation. They help us in understanding political competition, governance, and the law-making process as in New Zealand as well as other countries around the world. They explain the mechanisms and agendas that support international cooperation, terrorism, destruction, and war. Power, competition, diplomacy, international peace, sovereignty, transition, extremism, democratic politics, democratic institutions, human rights, foreign affairs, humanitarian aid, and the global economic crisis are all topics they explore to gain such knowledge.

People, cultures, and nations have never been more interconnected than they are today as a result of globalization. International relations are studies of national-to-national relations, as well as the position of governments, non-governmental organizations, and multinational corporations. People who understand and can handle dynamic relationships have a huge advantage in a world that is now increasingly global.

Controversy in International Relations goes beyond the issue of how to name a very under-described study area — or ‘non-fragmentary’ (James Rosenau, 1993). IR is often described as a separate intellectual endeavour from political science, or as an interdisciplinary field of research, especially in the English-speaking world. It is usually considered one of the major political science (or sub disciplinary) studies in the country. Although the terms disciplines and courses of study are often used synonyms, disciplines refer to clearer areas that make the outer boundaries flexible and permeable while stressing that the centre is more stringently outlined and in a certain way strong enough. Of course, such an assessment of the area can be debated on its own. More precisely, any exercise in the ‘mapping’ field of research should be approached to two limitations in mind.

For example, the effect of detail on international relations, which claims that almost all previous international affairs experts rejected the information revolution as a force for tangible progressive reform is now reconsidering their position. As indicated by (Westcott, 2008), intelligence has always been an important component in international relations. Knowledge, according to Webster, 2006), is a major feature of the contemporary world. The economy used to be based on manufacturing and conquest, but now knowledge is the driver behind them. Information and photographs are distributed among communities by local, regional, and foreign news media, which forms a link between individuals from local to world level (Boyd Barrett and Rantanen, 2001). Data, technology, and structural flexibility have gained importance in international relations, as strength in the modern information environment is less dependent on borders, military strength, and energy wealth. Furthermore, (Handon, 1997) claims that the demand for highly skilled intelligence has replaced the selection of the best agricultural or coal mines in international relations.

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By making knowledge more accessible than ever before, the Internet has increased the value of information in international affairs. The capacity for information to travel around the world in seconds, as well as the availability of high-speed internet, has changed the essence of international relations and politics dramatically (McGlinchey, 2017). Knowledge is becoming increasingly important in politics and foreign affairs. ‘The new era’s realpolitik is cyberpolitical,’ according to Rothkopf (1998), in which ‘its participants are no longer just states of state, and physical energy can be overcome or enhanced by the power of information. According to Deakin (2003), ‘digital devices and production processes have heightened the importance of intelligence, which has now become the essence and representation of competition, conflict, and battle.’

Intelligence has arisen as a security concern affecting all facets of human having the opportunity to monitor flow of information as a role essential to maintain sovereignty and independence and improve national security (Agnew and Corbrige, 1995, Malec, 2003). When defensive details, national and government agencies (state actors) using operations against all other nations, even if they are state or non-state targets, and the identification and protective operations can be complicated, affecting sometimes delicate international relations (Hearn, Williams and Mahncke, 2010). The purpose of this research was to find out how important digitalization is in international relations.

Information is critical in the growing influence of global localism (also known as globalisation), which connects and manages international and local problems and interests (Webster, 2006). The very architecture of international relations is evolving significantly, according to Bollier (2003), as the volume of information rises, and the variety of publicly accessible information diversifies. State and sub-state authorities from a variety of countries collaborate to exchange information, establish standardised guidelines and standards, and minimize globalization-related friction (Bach and Newman, 2010). Besides that, it believes that growing the dissemination of information among countries reduces mutual distrust and the possibility of misconception by removing uncertainties regarding each other’s motives and increasing clarity. Information flows, according to Webster (2006), are a requirement of a globalized economy, especially those financial and service systems that connect and promote distributed actions.

Nations all over the world are improving infrastructure electronic surveillance capabilities in order to obtain privileged intelligence, primarily for military purposes. Enhancements in firepower and lethality, controllability, command and control, force integration, and precision deployment of forces can all be aided by good data. When national and government agencies (state actors) use aggressive intelligence operations against all other countries, whether state or non-state targets, identification and protective activities can be complicated, affecting sometimes delicate international relations (Hearns, Williams and Mahncke, 2016). According to Simmons (2011), the Modern World has provided governments with a variety of options for weakening their adversaries. Under the guise of freedom of expression, Russia can use democracy towards democracy and freedom of data to spread misinformation to a variety of target groups.

The North’s cultural and political supremacy is reinforced by disproportionate access to knowledge (Sawyyer, 2004). The ‘intelligence forces’ control information in developing countries through the export of ICT goods, posing a threat to their self – sufficiency (Kshetri, 2014). Uneven access to relevant data and contemporary information threatens the majority of societies, resulting in unequal growth and exchange in global trade, narrowing the development gap in between relevant data and the information-poor amongst and within countries around the world. According to Kalathil (2002), the knowledge transition has aided in the creation of a multicentric, fractured world wherein the principle of authority has given way to a neo-medieval a-territorial structure of governmental entities and allegiances.

Internet sources

  1. Web Title: International Relations. Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  2. Web Link: HYPERLINK ‘https:www.britannica.comtopicinternational-relations’ https:www.britannica.comtopicinternational-relations
  3. Author: Pfaltzgraff, R. And Mcclelland, Charles A.
  4. Date: 2019, October 15.Web Title: Political Science and International Relations. Issue No 75.
  5. Web Link: 2014.Web Title: Political Science Research. International Relations
  6. Web Link:
  7. Author: James Rosenau.
  8. Date: 1993
  9. Web Title: The Importance of Information in International Relations. Library Philosophy and Practice. Journal
  10. Web Link: https:www.researchgate.netpublication325653511_The_Importance_of_Information_in_International_Relations
  11. Author: Khumalo, Njabulo And Baloyi, Miniyothabo.
  12. Date: 2018, Jun

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Political Science and International Relations: Analytical Essay. (2022, September 27). Edubirdie. Retrieved January 29, 2023, from
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