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Role of Mao Zedong in China's Political Reform: Analytical Essay

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China's political reform is not the political system reform understood by many western scholars, which does not involve the change of the basic political framework, but a reform focusing on government governance or government management system. The Chinese path is characterized not only by its proven diversity, which cannot be replicated in the west but also by the fact that it is an embodiment of the global accumulation of democratic and socialist achievements. China's rise has much to do with peace and stability. Its growing strength commands respect. This ancient and proud civilization, vast in size and large in population, has built its power on its own. The Chinese system has proven its legitimacy by history, going its own way, and is completely different from capitalist countries.

'What is revolutionary foundation? A revolutionary foundation is something that inspires the same behavior as that of martyrs of the revolution...' (from coursepack page102) From the ancient dynasty of the Qing dynasty to the end of 1921, the communist party of China was founded. The People's Republic of China was founded in 1949. But the party's revolution, to a certain extent, did not quite meet the needs of the broad masses of the people. China's personal worship and worship of Mao Zedong reached its peak during the cultural revolution. After the reform and opening up, this kind of personal worship and worship of Mao Zedong was gradually abandoned. However, in recent years, Mao Zedong has once again become a symbol of political appeal and been held high and praised. This debate pits liberals on one side and leftists and so-called Maoists on the other. Supporters of Mao Zedong say he brought stability and unity to China today. But opponents emphasize Mao Zedong brought great disaster and pain to Chinese society, people and country. Mao Zedong's crime was that he interrupted China's progress towards democratic constitutionalism. He introduced China to the path of class struggle and one-party rule. Mao Zedong's great leap forward led to great famine. All the promises of democracy and constitutionalism that the communist party had made before it came to power were betrayed by him. This is in politics. On the economic front, Mao Zedong promised to develop a free capitalist economy, but a few years after the establishment of the regime, he proposed a general line of transition, which also reversed the economic commitment. Later, Mao Zedong carried out land reform and gained the support of the peasants and proletariat by equalizing the rich and the poor. But it is the peasants and the proletariat who suffer in the end. He took it away again in the form of agricultural cooperatives. So the end result was that through the transformation of the capitalists and the cooperation of agriculture, the Chinese communist party became the largest landlord and capitalist. The resulting economic disaster was the great famine of the great leap forward. Political disasters, from anti-rightists to the cultural revolution, dragged the whole Chinese people into an unprecedented catastrophe.

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The Chinese communist party's emphasis on mass mobilization was also the trigger for the great leap forward. 'In the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, It is imperative to hold aloft the great red banner of Mao name Thought and put proletarian politics says in the command. The movement for the creative study and application of Chairman Mao, a name's works Should be carried forward among the masses of workers, peasants, soldiers, cadres, and intellectuals. And Mao Zedong's thoughts should be taken as the guide to action in the Cultural Revolution. '(from coursepack page 125) This is a power struggle within the party, a class struggle. 'The broad sectors of workers, peasants, soldiers, revolutionary intellectuals, and revolutionary cadres make up the principal forces in this Great Cultural Revolution. '(from coursepack page 124). This is the main part of the proletariat. Mao Zedong used public opinion to lead people to believe that what he did was right. Mao Zedong used this method to gain support and to arouse social discontent through the masses, which was the source of the revolution. The cultural revolution left confusion and humiliation in Chinese history, revealing the ugliest and most selfish extreme madness of human nature, and brought a disastrous impact on Chinese society. The strategy of eliminating capitalism is not in the interests of the people, and even affects the state.

The communist party of China has always declared that its ideal and goal is socialism. Mao Zedong's main aim was new socialist ideas, not to provide a democratic social environment for the people. 'Mao offered the theory of a development' leap 'in explicit opposition to the process of slow, Steady development advocated by the Soviet economic crowd (and by economists of any persuasion). It is postulated that is people worked with a high enough sense of purpose, All existing barriers to productivity could be shattered, A leap in social wealth and well-being could be achieved in very little time. This pursuit could be accomplished with A-activated masses. 'Bourgeois thinkers' within the Party as well as the go-missile bureaucrats in the localities were the main obstacles to this endeavor. Mao swept these obstacles value with one sentence, uttered as he toured Newly formed people's communes in the summer of 1985. '(from' Mao Zedong and Chine in the Twentieth-century world 'page 102). At the call of Mao Zedong, the red guards launched a massive campaign to break up old thoughts, culture, customs, and habits, destroying a large number of Chinese cultural relics and persecuting the people. This led to serious social unrest. So the party's revolution, to a large extent, did not quite meet people's needs. In China, the cultural revolution is often referred to as the 'decade of turmoil.' The lives of many ordinary people have been turned upside down since MAO Zedong plunged China into the turmoil that destroyed communist party institutions.

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Role of Mao Zedong in China’s Political Reform: Analytical Essay. (2022, September 27). Edubirdie. Retrieved December 10, 2023, from
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