The quest to understand leadership, across various sectors and disciplines, has meant that the body of existing literature is vast. After decades of research a generally accepted, comprehensive theory of leadership appears to elude us
Whether you seem to be a “born leader” or are uneasy with the role of leader and need to develop leadership skills methodically, you will discover valuable insights through a self-assessment. You will want to examine your following abilities: Skills Traits, competencies Experience.
Since the days of the ancient Eastern and Western philosophers, such a rigorous self-assessment has been seen as the starting point for success. (Td.org, 2019)
Among many demonstrable skills, physicians are expected to capably lead healthcare teams or other professional groups, be effective team leaders of other physicians and medical personnel, lead clinical care teams in decision making, and take responsibility for outcomes. Leadership skills are even pertinent to the technically based domains, for example, leading multidisciplinary teams or programs addressing neuro critical care, brain tumors, and complex spinal disorders. Leadership and the development of leaders has been a primary research focus in the social sciences for over a quarter century. It has been well documented that leadership development programs can increase the transformational leadership behaviors of trainees. Personality also plays a key role in leadership behaviors, as well as leadership development, and impacts their effectiveness. Researchers therefore suggest that personality assessment informs leadership development initiatives. (OUP Academic, 2019)
1) Strategic Thinking
Chess players know that, in order to win, they must outsmart their opponent by thinking several moves ahead. A chess player has to see where they want to move and anticipate where they’re opponent is going to move well in advance of taking action. This ability to think strategically is a skill that business leader need to have as well.
By thinking strategically, you can effectively plan ahead and identify how you will respond to a variety of situations including movements in your team, rising concerns, opportunities for advancement, or new competitors entering the market. While every leader is different, there are some must have skills for strategic leaders.
2) Decision Making Skills
We make decisions every day. Situations that require a decision, both big and small, can seem to creep up on us or can come at us, fast and furious. Sometimes, the decision is small and has no major impact on our daily lives. Other decisions are major and will not only impact our lives but the lives of our employees as well. Experts suggest that utilizing some simple apps could help improve your decision making skills.
3) Conflict Resolution Skills
Conflict is a natural part of any relationship, working or personal. Resolving conflict is a learned skill and one that can be taught, developed, and refined. A study by Purdue university found that students who have hands-on learning experiences gain a deeper understanding of the concepts that are being taught. Attending a conflict resolution workshop can provide you with experience in a controlled environment so that you can better handle difficult and uncomfortable situations, and work towards a positive resolution.
4) Team Building Activities
Seventy-five percent of employees rate teamwork and collaboration as very important. Yet, 86 percent of employees and executives blamed a lack of collaboration or ineffective communication as the reason for workplace failings. A good leader recognizes that they are only as good as the people that surround them. Instituting teambuilding activities allows teams time to bond together as well as provides an opportunity for them to decompress from their jobs for a few minutes.
The trait theory of leadership focuses on identifying different personality traits and characteristics that are linked to successful leadership across a variety of situations. This line of research emerged as one of the earliest types of investigations into the nature of effective leadership and is tied to the “great man” theory of leadership first proposed by Thomas Carlyle in the mid-1800s.
According to Carlyle, history is shaped by extraordinary leaders. This ability to lead is something that people are simply born with, Carlyle believed, and not something that could be developed. Carlyle’s ideas inspired early research on leadership, which almost entirely focused on inheritable traits.
- Certain traits produce certain patterns of behavior.
- Patterns are consistent across different situations.
- People are ‘born’ with leadership traits.
While the list of leadership traits can vary by whoever is drawing up the list, a recent study from Spain outlined behavioral traits that separated lower-level supervisors from higher-level supervisors. According to the researchers, the traits most commonly associated with great leadership include:
- Intelligence and action-oriented judgment: Great leaders and smart and make choices that move the group forward.
- Eagerness to accept responsibility: Strong leaders take on responsibility and don’t pass the blame on to others. They stand by their success and take ownership of their mistakes.
- Task competence: A great leader is skilled and capable. Members of the group are able to look to the leader for an example of how things should be done.
- Understanding their followers and their needs: Effective leaders pay attention to group members and genuinely care about helping them succeed. They want each person in the group to succeed and play a role in moving the entire group forward.
- People skills: Excellent interpersonal skills are essential for leading effectively. Great leaders know how to interact well with other leaders as well as with team members. (Verywell Mind, 2019)
The Leadership Requirements lens organizes the Profiles through three focus areas, described at increasing levels of proficiency. The focus areas are:
- Vision and values
- Knowledge and understanding
- Personal qualities, social and interpersonal skills
How you operate as a leader depends on more than just your experience. The Leadership Emphasis lens organizes the Profiles into four focuses. Each focus describes a leader’s actions as they lead as
DEFINING PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES
In retrospect, I noticed two styles have been my signature almost throughout my personal and professional outlook. Doing these self assessment studies (self profiling), it not only showed my greatest strengths, but also it exposes my biggest stumbling blocks, I trust self intro spection both for my strengths and weaknesses (R. and Gerhardt, M. 2002). My profile showed that I am significantly lower in capacity for self direction and relatively have good creative and innovative qualities. Drive and determination proved to be my best behavioral trait.
In the process to encourage oneself and reflecting on the qualities of leadership and defining personal attributes by doing daily actual assessment tasks, I found myself one step forward in understanding my potential as a transformational leader. The vision to recognize and knowing the career advancement is being cleared with these assessments.
Leadership was defined in many meanings by researchers and it showed that leadership was indeed plays an important role in today’s organization. Although there have been many different theories and definitions of leadership. Since it is suggested by previous studies that principal of leadership is the key to improve one’s achievement, it is important that we continue to investigate what type of leadership is most effective for the organizations (Knab, 2009).
- Being a leader honesty and responsibilities are the vital qualities.
- Adaptability and compatibility are great traits that can help you get along with others.
- Drive and determination will help you keep going no matter what.
- Compassion and understanding mean you relate well to others.
- Patience is a virtue and also a good personality trait.
- Courage will help you do what’s right in tough situations.
- The Leader must be a loyal to their all team members and trustworthy. (Your Dictionary, 2019)
As learning the various traits of the leaderships, I have noticed qualities and weaknesses in myself. There were four major factors that must be practiced by the leaders that wanted to commit in Transformational Leadership. The first factor was Charisma which emphasized on the characteristics expressed by the leaders that can attract and retain the employees through their persuasive words and actions. The second factor was Inspirational leadership which was defined as a sub factor within charismatic leadership behavior. The leaders that commit in this leadership have the capability to motivate and influent others through the emotional qualities. The third factor was Individualized Consideration which means that the leaders concern for the needs and development of each employee and they respect the dignity of each employee. The last factor was Intellectual Stimulation which implied the intelligent of leaders in problem solving. They encourage the subordinates in asking question and explore the potential of employees to be creative.
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- YourDictionary. (2019). Examples of Personality Traits. [online] Available at: https://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-personality-traits.html [Accessed 28 Aug. 2019].
- Hanna, D. (2019). What 6 leadership behaviours drive commitment & results?. [online] Inside HR. Available at: https://www.insidehr.com.au/what-6-leadership-behaviours-drive-commitment-results/
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