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Similarities Between Republic and Democracy

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Australia’s government has many similarities and differences to other governments. For example, Australia’s government and Indonesia’s are very similar. Some of the similarities are that both countries have elections for their government. Some of the differences is that Indonesia is a republic whereas Australia is a democracy. A republic is a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch. A democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.

The country of Indonesia is ethnically diverse, with around 300 distinctive native ethnic groups and over 740 different languages and dialects spoken in the country. Indonesia is part of the Malay Archipelago covering 5,150 km’s east to west, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Scattered over either side of the equator is more than 17,500 islands, of which about 6,000 are inhabited. The largest of these islands are Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and the Indonesian part of New Guinea called Papua.

Indonesia is made up of over 17500 islands. Indonesia became a republic in 1945 after the Indonesians claimed their independence from the Dutch and Japanese. Indonesia has three levels of government. Those are the national, provincial and district (or city). Elections are held every five years on the same day. Even though there are two houses a bill or law does not have to pass to through both houses to become a law.

Indonesia is a multiparty republic in which the president has the primary executive power. For much of the 20th century there were no term limits for the president, who was elected by the legislature. The military appointed some of the legislators. Since 2004, however, the president and vice president have been popularly elected to five-year terms. The president may only be reelected once. Indonesia has a bicameral, or two-chambered, legislature. This body is called the People’s Consultative Assembly and consists of the House of Representatives (lower house) and the Regional Representatives Council (upper house). All 560 members of the House of Representatives are now also elected to five-year terms. The Regional Representatives Council was created in the early 21st century. It consists of four elected members from each province and special autonomous and metropolitan district.

The Australian government can be described as both a constitutional monarchy and a representative democracy. The Queen (Queen Elizabeth II) is represented by the governor general (David Hurly). Australia has three levels of parliament. The state the federal and local government. Australia has 6 state parliaments. It also has 2 territory parliaments known as legislative assemblies. The third level of government after Commonwealth and State/Territory is Local government, in the form of shires, towns and cities. The Councils of these areas are composed of elected representatives (known as councilors) usually serving part-time. Their powers are devolved to them by the State or Territory in which they are located.

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These parliaments are in Australia’s 8 capital cities. Australia has had 30 different prime ministers. Each state has a premier western Australia’s premier is Mark McGowan. The Commonwealth of Australia was formed in 1901 as a result of an agreement among six self-governing British colonies, which became the six states. The terms of this contract are embodied in the Australian Constitution, which was drawn up at a Constitutional Convention and ratified by the people of the colonies at referendums.

Australia has the judiciary the executive and the legislature. the Legislature proposes laws in the form of Bills and provides a legislative framework for the operations of the other two arms. the Executive administers the laws and carries out the tasks assigned to it by legislation. the Judiciary hears cases arising from the administration of the law, applying both statute law and the common law; the Australian courts cannot give an advisory opinion on the constitutionality of a law, but the High Court of Australia can determine whether an existing law is constitutional.

The Australian and Indonesian governments are a bit different because Indonesia has elections every 5 years whereas Australia has an election every 3 years. Australia has the queen as the head of state and the prime minister as the head of government whereas Indonesia has their president as the head of state. Australia’s prime minister is Scott Morrison and the president of Indonesia is Joko Widodo. In Australia, a bill or law has to pass through both houses before becoming active but in Indonesia it only has to pass through one of the houses.

Even though they have differences there are also some similarities like both places have 3 levels of government. Both governments have two houses Australia’s are called the house of representative and the senate. Indonesia’s are called the peoples representatives councils and the regional representative council. Both the Australian and Indonesian systems of government are based on the principle of the separation of powers.

In conclusion Indonesia and Australia have many similarities and differences but mostly differences. Australia is very similar to other Asian countries. Some countries are more similar than others. Some of the things with the two different governments are basically the same. Some of the similarities are that both countries have elections for their government. Some of the differences is that Indonesia is a republic whereas Australia is a democracy. A republic is a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch. A democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives. Indonesia has a president whilst Australia has a queen a prime minister and 6 different premiers one for each state. The Queen is represented by the governor general. both places have 3 levels of government. Both governments have two houses of parliament. Australia and Indonesia are more different than they are similar.

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Similarities Between Republic and Democracy. (2022, November 25). Edubirdie. Retrieved February 6, 2023, from https://edubirdie.com/examples/similarities-between-republic-and-democracy/
“Similarities Between Republic and Democracy.” Edubirdie, 25 Nov. 2022, edubirdie.com/examples/similarities-between-republic-and-democracy/
Similarities Between Republic and Democracy. [online]. Available at: <https://edubirdie.com/examples/similarities-between-republic-and-democracy/> [Accessed 6 Feb. 2023].
Similarities Between Republic and Democracy [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Nov 25 [cited 2023 Feb 6]. Available from: https://edubirdie.com/examples/similarities-between-republic-and-democracy/
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