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Social Roles Of Men And Women During Ancient Rome

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Ancient Rome was a collection of interlocked communities of different people and more importantly individuals. The social construct of Ancient Rome allowed for many of the differences between men and women during this time. As Phillip Matyszak, author of 24 Hours in Rome, says,” For them, life is not about celebrating the glory of empire but for making the rent, coping with difficult relatives, and the daily challenge of home and work.” This shows the difficulties of the Roman people and many of the injustices between men and women and their daily lives. The social infrastructure of Ancient Rome allowed for men and women to be different socially, politically, and physically.

To understand the social hierarchies of Ancient Rome, one must understand the lives of the men of Rome. Antiquated Rome was a general public, where a man’s job was unmistakably more significant than that of a woman’s. They had outright authority over the family and in specific examples could even sell their kids into bondage. The open existence of old Rome was likewise to a great extent however not only saved for men. Like other ordinary social orders, men in antiquated Rome appreciated the status of intensity. It was additionally men who for the most part worked in agribusiness, exchange, and different callings. In urban focuses, there were different spots for blending and socialization for men of old Rome(“Men of Ancient Rome”). An example of a roman man is Postumus Gallienus, a master stonemason, as shown in 24 Hours in Ancient Rome. Gallienus is in high demand for his job due to his reputation. He repairs anything that may have cracks or may have been destroyed. He does not have any problems throughout his day due to his social position on the hierarchy. He goes from place to place repairing or building stone works(Matyszak Hora IV). The job of Roman men in the public eye was significantly higher than ladies and slaves. The general public was made out of free men, slaves, lower, higher class men. Slaves were a significant factor that continued the economy of the domain. Free men wedded in their mid-twenties and picked their accomplices cautiously on the grounds that separation was uncommon in old Rome. Men of lower classes were normally ranchers, businesspeople, or skilled workers. The family life of men of Rome had very much characterized jobs and obligations. The men liked the job of expert in the family and went about as master over his significant other and kids. He likewise had the power not just over his kids additionally the spouses of his children and his nephews. In this way, the structure of the general public was male-centric where the oldest male individual from the family was viewed as the position(“Men of Ancient Rome.”).

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The social hierarchy must also be looked at from the woman’s perspective to gain a full understanding. Much of the time Roman women were firmly related to their apparent job in the public eye – the obligation of taking care of the home and to support a family, specifically to shoulder real youngsters, a result of which was an early marriage, so to guarantee the lady had no sexual history which may humiliate the future spouse. The Roman family was male-overwhelmed, ordinarily headed by the most senior male figure. Ladies were subordinate and this is reflected in Roman naming practice. Male natives had three names: praenomen, nomen, and cognomen, while all the ladies in a similar family were alluded to utilizing the female form of the family name. A wedded lady could keep her original surname or be alluded to utilizing her better half’s name. Inside the family ladies would take care of the home and its slave workforce, deal with painstaking work, and high society females may likewise think about scholarly subjects, for example, writing and theory. Roman ladies had an extremely restricted job in open life. They couldn’t visit, talk in, or vote at political gatherings and they couldn’t hold any situation of political obligation. While the facts demonstrate that a few ladies with incredible accomplices may impact open issues through their spouses, these were special cases. Lower-class Roman ladies had an open life since they needed to work professionally. Common occupations embraced by such ladies were in farming, markets, makes, as maternity specialists, and as medical attendants. Roman ladies could be isolated between the individuals who were viewed as decent, and the individuals who were prostitutes. To help everybody to remember who was who garments were turned into a valuable device. Decent ladies wore a long dress or stola, a mantle, and had ties in their hair while prostitutes wore a toga. The qualification between these two gatherings was not only an ethical one for prostitutes and other lower-class ladies had even fewer rights than ladies of higher economic well-being. prostitutes and servants, for instance, couldn’t arraign for assault and the assault of slaves was considered simply as property harm supported by the proprietor(Cartwright). An example of a woman’s average day is shown in Matyszak’s 24 Hour in Ancient Rome. In Hora II, a Vestal Virgin, Marcia, in which she speaks to us about much of her life is made up of rituals and draconian punishments. Her mission is to fill up water for the altar of Vesta(Matyszak 92)Her life is fixed for 30 years, the first 10 years are for learning texts, rituals, and Roman law. The next 10 years are spent practicing what she has learned and then the next 10 are teaching the next vestal virgins. Most Roman women can not testify in court but, Vestal women can and are used to keep special documents because they are used as valid testimony in courts(Matyszak 98).

Men and Women in Roman society varied different socially, politically, and physically due to the social infrastructure. Antiquated Rome was a man-centric culture where men held expert in private just as open life. They had places of intensity in legislative issues, organization, and military. ladies were viewed as sub-par in lawful terms appears to be clear however there are likewise endless writings, engravings, and even glorified picture design which point to the Roman male’s gratitude, appreciation, and even stunningness of ladies and their job in regular day to day existence. Roman guys didn’t think ladies their equivalent however neither did they despise them. Nature has caused it so men can not live without women easily, however, men can’t survive without women by any stretch of the imagination.

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Social Roles Of Men And Women During Ancient Rome. (2022, February 26). Edubirdie. Retrieved March 30, 2023, from
“Social Roles Of Men And Women During Ancient Rome.” Edubirdie, 26 Feb. 2022,
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