Technologies To Reduce Concussion In Sports
A concussion is known in the scientific world as an alteration of neurological function or a brain injury. People have known about concussions since the early 1900’s but have not understood the severity of these brain injuries until recently. Studies have shown that a concussion is most likely not caused from just one single hit but from a culmination of the hits throughout a season. The first headgear produced to protect a persons head from a blow likely to cause a concussion was created by a man named Joseph Reeves. Joseph was in the U.S. Navy in 1893 when he wore the first ever helmet in an American football game(AntiqueFootball). He wore the helmet he made in one of the most prolific games in all of football, Army vs. Navy.
After Joseph Reeves wore his version of the football helmet, more athletes began to wear headgear for their football games. In 1939, John T. Riddell, the founder of what is now the most successful football helmet companies in the world, had an idea of replacing the flimsy and not very protective headgear with a new material(Michelle). He would use plastic on the outside of the shell and a cushiony material on the inside of the helmet to soften the blow on the athletes head. Before the helmet was even worn on the field, it was used in battle. World War II was being fought at the time of Riddell’s invention, this allowed Riddell to sell his product to the government to protect the soldier’s heads. In 1963 the first helmet that used air inflation to better fit the athletes head was made. It was called the TAK-29(Michelle). The first helmet created by Riddell to actually reduce concussion prevalence was the Riddell Revolution(Michelle). John T. Riddell started a movement in football by creating the first plastic helmet which then lead to fitted helmets which then lead to more and more advances in the protective headgear industry. These advancements would allow for researchers to collect data on the amount of force put on a players head and neck during a given hit and allow them to diagnose what exactly causes a concussion.
In a report given to congress in 1999, it says that deaths from a Traumatic Brain Injury or TBI decreased by 20% since 1980(Thurman). This was a result of the improved knowledge and technology of how to treat and respond to someone with a concussion or TBI. But the report also states that out of the 1.5 million people that sustained a TBI or concussion 50,000 people died(Thurman). In an updated report to Congress on TBI and concussions in 2018 it states, “From 2001 to 2012 the rate of sports related hospital visits increased significantly among males, particularly among those 10-14 years of age (139.9% increase) and those 15-19 years of age (119.3% increase). Among males, the largest number of hospital visits for sports- and recreation-related TBI occurred as a result of injuries while bicycling, or playing football or basketball”(Schuchat 20). This statistic shows that even though technology and methods of prevention are being used everyday and advanced, their is still no real answer to the very common TBI or concussion. In 2013, the NCAA revamped its penalty for targeting which is the use of the crown of the helmet as a weapon against another plays head(Cortez). The penalty’s new guideline includes that any player who gets penalized while receive automatic disqualification. This penalty was created to lower the amount of head to head hits during a game. A recent study showed that before the rule was in place in 2009-2010, a concussion occurred 1.64 times for every 1000 athletes(Geier). But the season the new rule was put in place in 2013-14, the study concluded that a concussion happened 2.87 times per 1000 athletes (Geier).This study shows contradicting evidence to what the NCAA thought was going to happen when they implemented the rule. This also shows that even with new rules and improving technology, there really is no solution or answer to how or why concussions happen so frequently to athletes especially in football.
Current technology that will help reduce the amount of concussions in sports and football specifically includes Baseline Testing, improved mouth guards, and the newest and safest helmet called the Vicis Zero 1. The Vicis helmet is made of layers which redistribute the forces put of the helmet rather than sending it all around a players head which is most likely the cause for a concussion(Skiver). The helmets are also sized to fit the players which allows for ultimate comfort while they are playing. The current Baseline testing tests the brains learning and memory skills and its ability to concentrate. It also test the athletes balance and concussion like symptoms. With this new technology, athletes are being put in safer environments to help them continue playing football and other sports without worrying about getting a concussion or TBI.
The human brain is a complex bundle of nerves and muscles that is the nucleus for all human functions. The ability to breathe, move, think, and live are direct results of the underlying function of the brain. Therefore, based upon the overall significance of the brain, it becomes imperative to protect it from all damage. A concussion, is an injury that at its simplest form is a contusion of the brain, is the main mechanism of injury to avoid. However,...
Attention Getter: Dribbling down the line she went, she makes a cross into the opponent’s 18-yard box. Her teammate going for a header, she heads it into the goal SCORE!! She falls instantly and isn’t moving. The coaches call the trainers, the trainers call the ambulance. Slowly she opens her eyes being blinded by the stadium lights, then stands up walking to the sideline, not remembering a thing. Audience Link: According to Julie Underwood in the Phi Delta Kappan magazine...
In Today’s sports, concussions have become very serious and it is most definitely a topic parents should consider. Concussions tend to get more common each year, they have rose 60% within the last decade. This is because people aren’t worried or even aware of them and may every think their harmless. Some of this may even fall back on how hard the child is being pushed to do good by the parent. If the child feels that they might disappoint...
Even though football players know the damage the game could bring them the still play and love the game. (Gibeaut, 2011) Especially in today’s game with how rough it can be it is very easy to injury yourself. (Gibeaut, 2011) Players are jumping, tackling, and throwing their bodies at one another with no doubts of hurting themselves and the most important part about being a football player is being and staying healthy. (Navia, 2012). One of the most frequently occurring...
Introduction A lot of people don’t exactly know what a concussion is, never mind the severity of this brain injury. Concussions are considered a mild brain injury because they are not usually life-threatening. This is correct. A concussion is usually not a life-threatening injury which is why people didn’t use to pay it much attention. However, the attitudes toward concussions have changed in the last few years because of the discoveries that medical research has uncovered. So after having said...
Introduction: Through several decades the practice of contact sports has grown exponentially, especially the art of American football. The gridiron, tackling based competition fans watch has had its remarkable influence across the United States and has been prevalent worldwide. Though its dark side of the commonality of consequential injuries that can greatly affect a player’s body is evident, it is still beloved as that is the underlying basis of what makes the sport. Its roughness may take a heavy toll...
Throughout the past two decades there have been more than 20 National Football League (NFL) player suicides, like Terry Long, Dave Duerson and Junior Seau (See Appendix A). Finding a link between these suicides and playing pro football is the reason behind an ongoing joint study being done by the Department of Veterans Affairs and Boston University. The autopsy reports from 87 out of 91 former NFL players (96%) has revealed Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) in their brains (Breslow, 2015)....
When considering a topic for a literature review my attention was instantly drawn to something concerning sports. Along the lines of sport, I was most interested in injury, injury prevention and rehabilitation from those injuries. Throughout my time playing sports both recreationally and in an organized setting I saw my fair share of injuries ranging from dislocations of shoulders, broken bones, and quite frequently concussions. The sports that I played were quite high impact like hockey. The concussions caught my...
Rationale Boxing is a very physical intense sport, the risks of serious injury is very high due to the aggressive physical damage that can happen to your brain if not wearing headgear, the most common injury that occurs to the brain is concussion. Concussion is when a wave through brain tissue causes discharge of damaging chemicals, the nerve cells can shear, and Microscopic damage can affect the anatomy and function of brain cells. The effects happens at the mild end...
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