The Existence Of Gay Gene
Throughout human history, science has uncovered the origin of a lot of things. One thing that to this day still gets debated about by scientists is the origins of homosexuality. This debate has been going on for decades and many people have tried to explain it before in the past. Many of the explanations weren’t scientifically backed because of the time they were introduced. The current climate and atmosphere of our society has caused uplifting the LGBTQ+ community to become somewhat of a trend. Due to this, the debate has been brought back up and people want to know where sexuality comes from; but for years as for 1990ss the 1990’s, when the “Human Genome Project” took place, scientists have been providing genetic and epigenetic evidence for a sexuality gene as well as providing logical theories for why these genes may exist.
For decades, homosexuality was considered a mental disorder and it was illegal to act on one’s sexuality. Religion playing such a huge role in how society worked naturally led scientists of the past to present research that said that the brain of homosexual individuals was not as large as their straight counterparts, due to a disorder linked to fetal development to align with what the church said and not what their research clearly provided. This helped further the public opinion on homosexuality making those individuals feel out of place. Homosexuality was decriminalized in 1952. Taking it off the mental disorder list helped shift public opinion on homosexuality, but the thing that had the largest impact on public opinion on homosexuality was the Human Genome Project. Even though there was research done previously on homosexuality, the Human Genome Project was a very well known and heavily researched project that was broadcast on television that gave the public a different view of homosexuality.
Scientists have provided a multitude of research for genetics influence on sexuality but the focus will be on two specific pieces of scientific research both done in the 1990’s. The genetic basis of sexual orientation, which are J. Michael Bailey and Richard Pillard’s twin study (1991), and Dean Hamer et al.’s study of genetic markers for homosexuality on the X chromosome. The first study being discussed is Bailey and Pillard’s study, ‘A Genetic Study of Male Sexual Orientation’. The two scientists publicized there study in magazines in an effort to attract gay men with a twin brother, or an adoptive brother who had been adopted into the family at an age of less than three. The gay men were interviewed about the sexuality of themselves and their brothers, and then had to fill out a questionnaires to determine their sexuality.
The twin brothers were also asked to confirm if they were identical twins or fraternal twins. The results were 52% (29/56) of the identical twins included in the study were homosexual while 22% (12/54) of fraternal twins were homosexual , and only 11% (6/57) of adoptive brothers were homosexual. These result lead both Bailey and Pillard to conclude that there is a genetic basis for homosexuality. Dean Hamer et al’s study which was published 2 years after Bailey and Pillard’s study is next. In his study he had 38 pairs of homosexual brothers and their relatives all above the age of 18, with two families added from a previous sample. The total participants numbers was 114. Hamer choose the families very intentionally in order to test his hypothesis which was there is a maternally transmitted genetic
This case study will argue that the Gay LIberation Front (GLF) between 1969 and 1973 challenged gay people to become known publicly and in society, as well as exploring the different ways they were oppressed by society. The GLF wanted to make a large change in society not just change how the legal system worked. This study will further examine other supporrting social movement organisations (SMO’s) as a form of their protest which significally contributed to the solution of their...
The Gay Rights Movement – A Historiographical Analysis Homosexuals have been despised for much of history, but only in the latter half of the 20th century and the 21st century have gay people gained greater visibility and acceptance. In the United States, this could happen because of the Gay rights movement that originated in the 1950s. Some historians address the Gay Rights movement in regards to the mainstream perception of gay people. Others address the movement in regards to how...
Introduction Throughout the course of history, music has continuously demonstrated its significant influence on humanity by virtue of its ability to evoke emotions and feelings in humans’ life. Consequently, singers and songwriters have embraced music to reach far beyond the limits of quotidian words in order to extensively convey ideas to the depths of humans’ heart. In the same vein, songs can be utilized to address an ample array of societal issues. Owing to its powerful message as well as...
Homosexuality is a term that is commonly used to describe people aligned to a given sexual orientation or is showing interest and getting attracted to members of the individual’s gender. Therefore, men getting sexually attracted to fellow men and women getting sexually attracted to fellow women. The word gay is usually applied as the other word for homosexuals, while lesbianism is the term used to refer to female homosexuality. For diverse cultures during changing times, homosexual activities have been differently...
The period 1967-2000 saw a seismic shift in the rights of women and gay people in America. However, the gains which were made were accompanied by the development of a conservative counter-movement which tried to minimise what progress there was. This essay will define ‘conservative’ as an ideological position opposed to advances in women’s and gay rights, in favour of traditional values which may have a religious foundation, such as in the case of the Moral Majority. The impact of...
The approach folks ultimately read gayness, whether or not in faith, politics or fashionable culture, is all determined by ancient or dynamic points of read. This essay can discuss primarily liberal and conservative Christian interpretations of the Bible, together with several verses that will support or condemn gayness. it’ll conjointly discuss the policy-making and laws against twosome and therefore the social policy within the homosexual community. this is often all concerning read points and it’s several conflicting views and arguments....
The love and personal relationship with their partners decreased for most parents, having a child. In addition, the rate of social participation of gay fathers also decreased; they appeared to socialize more with heterosexual parents and reported losing some gay relationships since they became parents (Bergman et al., 2010). Gay fathers reported higher life satisfaction but gave less important to their career since becoming a parent (Panozzo, 2015). Research on fathering has shown that heterosexual fathers influence their children in...
INTRODUCTION Advertisements are ubiquitous; hence, these are seen in different forms such as print and electronic which make the advertisements more interesting, creative, attractive, and persuasive especially in terms of appearance. Cook (1992, p.5) says that advertising is a well-known type of discourse in the society. Moreover, it is well-established and it has also been progressing especially in the modern era that people live in. Companies advertise in order for the people to recognize and eventually patronize their products. According...
When we think about gay rights in America, it is evident that the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and others (LGBTQ+) have come a long, long way with still difficult roads ahead in order to be treated equally, under law or otherwise, as their cisgender and heterosexual counterparts. It was as if the entire gay community reached a breakthrough when on June 26, 2015, the U.S Supreme Court ruled in a 5-4 decision that the Fourteenth Amendment requires all states...
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