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The History of the Invention of the Internet: A Short Essay

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Here we are in 2019, and we can’t even imagine our lives without the Internet. The Internet has become a huge part of our daily life. The Internet has brought knowledge and information on our tips. The Internet has made our life positive and easy. Gone the days when we had to go to a library to get some piece of information, we can do that easily by sitting at our place with just some clicks, all that is thanks to the Internet. It provides us the knowledge that is useful for personal, social, and economic development. It is up to the user on how he utilizes the time in a productive and useful way.

Today the Internet is used in almost every field, whether you are a student working on a project, or a businessman looking to promote your business or you are looking to make new friends, all that can be done through the Internet. The Internet has changed our life drastically, just with few clicks we can order something from the shopping websites.

But do ever question that why was the Internet invented? And who was the one who invented the Internet? In this essay, I’m going to take a quick look at the history of the Internet.

The name is Leonard Kleinrock, who is credited with the first concept for the Internet with his paper, ‘Information Flow in Large Communication Nets’ on May 31st, 1961. His work in this timeframe (which included his PhD work at MIT) was to form the mathematical theory of packed-based networks.

At the same time, J.C.R. Licklider would become the head of the Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO) United States Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA. He had his eyes set or dream of a world-wide network and would provide the vision that would later become ARPANET. Licklider was not someone who had impeccable computer programming skills; for that, he recruited Lawrence Roberts to be the team leader that would eventually form and deploy ARPANET in 1967. Lawrence Roberts was the first engineer or scientist to implement the packet switching network that Kleinrock first created. This packet-switching form is still used as the primary means of transferring information to this day on the web.

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So, it would be unfair to say that only a single person invented the Internet. As a matter of fact, it was the outcome of years of collaboration among computer scientists, engineers, and researchers, as well as the government agencies as well as loads of individuals that played a key role in crafting what we know today as the Internet.

The Internet got started in the 1960s. When J.C.R. Licklider a scientist with technology company Bolt, Newman and Beranek came up with the ideas about global networking in a series of memos unfolding an ‘Intergalactic Computer Network’. His idea was to simply link the computers across the globe, and anybody close to a computer could share information. And Licklider had the right idea at the right time. The Cold War forced the United States to look for a communications network that could withstand a nuclear attack. Such brave ideas got made Licklider the director of the U.S. Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency the agency responsible for crafting a time-sharing network of computers known as ARPANET, the precursor to today’s Internet.

In 1980 the NSF (National Science Foundation) began to craft a nationwide computer network that also included its own supercomputers, called NSFNET.

In 1990, ARPANET was decommissioned. The NFC was looking to form a network that had nothing to do with government funding. The NSF removed restrictions on commercial use on its network and in 1995, the Internet was privatized. And at that time, the Internet was 60,000 networks strong.

To conclude this, we can say that the Internet has become the bread and butter for people out there. One day without the Internet can result in a huge loss. With the advancement of technology, this need for the Internet is only going to increase in the future.

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