The research developed by Tusev (2017), is focused on explaining the reason why Ecuadorians are people characterized by unpunctuality. The topic begins with the initial explanation of what time is and why it is important. The people of Mesopotamia first developed the investigation reports that time. Then, the Greeks will use this tendency to be able to determine the correct form of the times that were important to reap and be more aware of not doing so. Once time has developed as an important concept for the development of human beings begins to be used as a work tool. Until before the industrial era, the harvests and the calculation of the seasons was the only utility that had been given to the time. However, from the year 1760, time begins to be an unprecedented work tool. This element is used to determine the salaries that each day laborer will earn for their activity in the company. Time will also be a fundamental tool that will organize the work schemes of recent companies for the delivery of final works and projects. In the industrial revolution, time allows for an estimate when it takes to build a house, make a car, and even the time it will take for the next train to arrive from one city to another (Dimchev, 2015).
Time apparently taken a fundamental role in the development of humanity. Tusev continues with his research, initiating a fundamental comment to begin the research topic. He realizes that time has a different value and appreciation according to the country in which it is located. That is, in Germany, time will not be as appreciated as in third world countries such as Ecuador (Abban, 2011). For this reason, Tusev justifies the development of the investigation of the level of punctuality of Ecuadorians. For research, use the focus group for students of the University of Holy Spirit Specialties. The research is willing to reveal what globalization includes and technological development generates a positive factor for Ecuadorians to change their way of thinking with respect to time. For it. Tusev bases two possibilities of the behavior of Ecuadorian students. The two hypotheses hope to explain that students weigh what happens in their places of arrival, know the importance of arriving early looking for methods to avoid backwardness. Qualitative research used as an analysis tool for the survey. The survey that was oriented towards more than 500 students of the 5000 that exist in the university. A point in favor observed in the development of the introduction of research, is the fact of using closed and open questions, in which you can determine even the characteristics related to the punctuality of the students.
For the review of the concepts, Tusev uses four concepts related to punctuality in people who are culture, time perception, Ecuador and the EHEA. In the case of culture, the author determines that this element plays a fundamental role in determining why people tend to be punctual and punctual. The tradition of unpunctuality that exists among many Latin Americans is well known. When people agree on a meeting and set the time, they always ask a question: what time do you really have to arrive? With this, they want to ask if it will start on time or not. It is understood that the Salvadoran hour is that which begins 30, 40 or 60 minutes later. In the case of Ecuador, the Ecuadorian time is always to arrive 30 minutes later (Tusev, 2017). The second term that is the perception of time, the author points out other concepts such as the one developed by Juarez and Hernández (2010), in which they determine that time is a fundamental dimension that influences people’s perceptions. Therefore, it is possible that aspects such as actions, plans and events can be organized. Over the years, models have been built to address the perception of time, which differ according to the type of information used to estimate the pace of the same.
Another aspect that people determine their perception of time is the focus and priorities to which attention is paid. For a person, spending more time doing an activity that he likes most, will have a lower perception of time than if he did an activity he dislikes. The perception of time according to the author is also based on the family and the place where they are. For Tusev, considering the term of the word Ecuador is relevant, since it would contain a fundamental characteristic that presents a large part of the people of Latin America. Although Latin Americans are skilled in the business world and are able to find employment on their own. The truth is that, when talking about punctuality, it seems that the virtue of excellent workers is affected. While it is essential for a person from Europe to be late for a business meeting. For Latin Americans, being late can mean a normal aspect that can be forgiven. In Latin America, time is not considered a resource. Otherwise, only as a means to reach a goal. However, the error that exists in the terms is not to start with an important topic related to research (Tusev, 2017).
In the part of the methodology, Tusev determines that the research is quantitative, mainly by the use of the survey to determine the level of punctuality that the students of the Holy Spirit University have. The quantity of the sample, 575 randomly observed students, is also explained. The confidence level is 95% and its margin of error 10.67%. The normal distribution formula is 50%.
In the part of the results, the author determines that 31% and 10% arrive between 5 to 10 minutes late and more than 10 minutes late respectively. Which determines that the average student of the Holy Spirit University has a tendency to be late to his class. In other words, the investigation explains the purpose of the investigation and gives summary results that facilitates the analysis of the data. An important point is the fact that the professors, despite the fact that they admonish their students, not all of them tend to be severe with them, since only 17% of them do not allow entry to classes, enforcing the university’s internal regulations. Fifty % of them only grant them a warning. The results do not have limitations and do not grant recommendations for future analysis.
In the case of the discussion, Tusev does give a small explanation about the results obtained. Well, he says that the delay of the students is the result of the little discipline that teachers apply to compliance with the internal regulations, which determines that if a student arrives 10 classes late, he will not be able to enter. The results explained by the author present a correct order, since it starts from the most basic result, to the most specific. Another factor that Tusev determines as important is that arrears are the result of heavy traffic that is generated in the areas surrounding the University. This being a factor that was pointed out by the students as a limitation for their early arrival to classes. There are other factors such as friends and family, who also affect the punctuality of the person.
In conclusion, Tusev determines that students are late for factors such as traffic and their friends. Being the transfer the main element by which to arrive on time is practically impossible. On the other hand, the author also determines that students are late for classes due to lack of discipline on the part of teachers. The work ends with a brief explanation of the culture in Ecuador, which explains that the average Ecuadorian is 30 minutes late. In addition, it depends on what activity you should do, you will arrive earlier or later, but very rarely, it will be punctual.