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The Key Metaphors And Their Roles In Lord Of The Flies

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This essay will explan the metaphors in the novel the Lord of the Flies and how every detail was used to represent us as a society.

The beast

The beast is shown multiple times during dark moments. They believe that there is a beast out to get them. This is a common theme but Golding was very smart in implementing the beast. They were very focused on finding it but little did they know that the beast is inside of them. The beast wasn’t going to kill anyone they would kill each other. This also shows the children’s imagination as seen with the dead parachutist they used there childish imagination to turn it into a monster the same as children see monsters in the closet mistaking it for clothes. Another main thing is near the end it says “Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill!… You knew, didn’t you? I’m part of you? Close, close, close! I’m the reason why it’s no go? Why things are what they are?” and also “Maybe there is a beast… Maybe it’s only us.” all these ties into a very clear indication of the metaphor of the beast being evil inside. ‘

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Piggies glasses

Piggy’s glasses are a symbol of perception, piggy is described as reasonable and logical. piggy being the smart one displays how the glasses are symbolic of a society that values knowledge. However, as the boys lose their sanity the shattering of Piggy’s glasses signifies the loss of civilisation and reasoning. Threw out each time they get more violent the glasses break to show its getting worst until there shattered to predict the death of piggy. So Goulding used suttle events that forecast the future or represent something in the present.

The fire

Fire is a confusing image in Lord of the Flies. Like the glasses that make it, fire speaks to innovation. However, like the nuclear bombs obliterating the world around the young men’s island, fire is an innovation that compromises pulverization on the off chance that it gains out of control. Fire likewise symbolizes the young men’s association with human development: their sign flame gives them any expectation of salvage.

Overall Goulding applied small details into metaphors such as the fire, glasses and the beast and used in clever ways to build a story with meaning. In all of these, you learn that civilisation can crumble easily and in the right circumstances anyone can kill. But I want to leave you on a quote “His mind was crowded with memories; memories of the knowledge that had come to them when they closed in on the struggling pig, knowledge that they had outwitted a living thing, imposed their will upon it, taken away its life like a long satisfying drink.”

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The Key Metaphors And Their Roles In Lord Of The Flies. (2022, Jun 09). Edubirdie. Retrieved December 5, 2022, from
“The Key Metaphors And Their Roles In Lord Of The Flies.” Edubirdie, 09 Jun. 2022,
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