Short on time?

Get essay writing help

The Main Effects of the Great Depression

Words: 1350
Pages: 3
This essay sample was donated by a student to help the academic community. Papers provided by EduBirdie writers usually outdo students' samples.

The Great Depression was the worst economic downturn in the industrialised world's history, lasting from the 1929-39 stock-market crash. This time began after the October, 1929 stock market crash, which devastated Wall Street and wiped out millions of shareholders. Consumer spending and investment dropped over the next several years, causing steep declines in industrial output and employment as workers were laid off by failed companies. In 1933, at its lowest point in the Great Depression, about 15 million People were unemployed. Nevertheless, the stock market had been struggling well before October; despite rising unemployment and falling demand, stocks were overvalued in August, 1929. World trade fell by 66 percent from 1930 to 1932, as measured throughout U.S. dollars. There were major regional implications of global financial crisis. Throughout Europe, for instance, hyperinflation and other economic woes may have contributed to the rise of Hitler.

The U.S. economy expanded rapidly throughout the 1920s, and the overall wealth of the nation more than doubled between 1920 and 1929, a period named the 'Roaring Twenties. The stock market, which was centered at the new work stock exchange, on wall street. This was the scene of reckless spending, from millionaires to janitors poured their life savings into stocks. This lead to the peak of the stock market and economy in August, 1929. Output had already fallen by that point and inflation had increased, making stock prices far greater than their actual value. In contrast, incomes were small at that period, consumer debt was proliferating, the economy's agricultural sector was failing because of inflation and declining food prices, and banks had a surplus of large loans that could not be liquidated. During the summer of 1929, the American economy experienced a mild recession when consumer spending slowed down and unsold products started to pile up, dragging down the production of factories. As panicked traders started selling overpriced stocks en masse on October 24, 1929, the stock market crash that some had expected ended up occurring. That day there was an unprecedented turnover of 12.9 million stocks, regarded as 'Black Thursday. Five days later, on 29 October or 'Black Tuesday,' about 16 million stocks were sold after another surge of fear hit Wall Street. Millions of securities ended up useless, and those shareholders who invested with borrowed money were completely wiped out. When consumer confidence plummeted in the aftermath of the stock market crash, the decline in spending and development caused factories and other firms to slow down production and start firing their staff. Wages dropped and buying power diminished for those who were fortunate enough to remain employed.

The repercussions of the stock market crash also rippled across the economy. In the final months of 1929, nearly 700 banks failed and more than 3,000 fell during 1930. Federal deposit insurance was still unheard of, and citizens lost all their money when banks failed. Several citizens are panicking, sparking bank chaos because customers withdrawn their cash quickly, prompting further banks to shut. Nearly 9,000 institutions had collapsed by the end of the decade. Surviving organisations were reluctant to lend money, unaware of the economic situation and uncertain about their own sustainability. This exacerbated the situation, resulting in fewer and less expenditures. As the great depression increased control of the state, the government was forced. Parliament is America's foreign competition The Customs Act of 1930 passed a pledge to protect the industry. The move imposed a massive record tax rate on imported goods. Many US business partners EU the manipulation of tariffs on the goods they manufacture. As a result, between 1929 and 1934, global trade declined by two-thirds. By then, Franklin Roosevelt and the Democratic parliament had approved a new meeting.

The Great Depression's financial ruin has been compounded by environmental destruction. A lengthy drought combined with farming practises that did not use soil conservation strategies produced a vast area from southeast Colorado to the panhandle of Texas that came to be called the Dust Bowl. Massive storms of dust have shook cities, destroyed crops and animals, sickened people and caused untold events.

All were influenced by the Great Depression. The developments of this time have profoundly changed the lives of all from the very young to the elderly. Most people were found out of jobs and looking for a better life. If they could attend school, kids had to cope with improvements to their schooling. Teenagers travelled with their parents in search of a new life. During this period, most children were deprived of schooling as, due to a lack of resources, most families had to close down their schools during the term 1932-1933. Few kids were fortunate enough to be in classrooms where the educators didn't care they'd be paying for next to nothing and wanted to be taught.

Save your time!
We can take care of your essay
  • Proper editing and formatting
  • Free revision, title page, and bibliography
  • Flexible prices and money-back guarantee
Place Order

Kids also significantly suffered from malnutrition. For instance, in a 1932 study by means of the health bfarmin the big apple metropolis, it changed into discovered that 20.5 percentage of the children have been laid low with malnutrition. Kids in rural regions were even worse off. Nutritional sicknesses had been rampant because good enough food along with milk, fruit, clean greens, and eggs couldn't be offered with the own family’s low earnings. Many of those farmers have been renting their land and their equipment due to the loss of cash inside the 20s. At the beginning of the year, expenses on food that the farmers produced deflated a lot that the farmers had been not able to make a profit off in their land. Attributable to this, they refused to sell what they produced. If they lived inside the center part of the country, recognised right now because the dust bowl, they have been also experiencing drought starting around 1932.

Considerably upper-white collar class experts, for example, specialists and legal advisors, saw their livelihoods drop by as much as 40%. Families who had recently appreciated monetary security all of a sudden confronted money related insecurity or, at times, ruin. The normal American family lived by the Depression-period proverb: 'Use it up, wear it out, make do or do without”. Many attempted to keep up appearances and continue with life as near typical as could be expected under the circumstances while they adjusted to new monetary conditions.

Family units grasped another degree of cheapness in day by day life. They kept kitchen gardens, fixed destroyed garments and gave excursions to the motion pictures as they secretly attempted to hold responsibility for home or vehicle. In 1929 the normal family pay in the United States remained at $2,300 only four years in the Depression and the normal family salary had tumbled 40% to a unimportant $1500. Pounding destitution normally put a strain on numerous family relations prompting various children venturing out from home. Different elements, as well, constrained the youngsters to take off. In 1934, schools had a million additional students 25,000 less instructors when contrasted with 1930. 5,000 schools had shut down by and large and right around one in each four American urban areas had their school terms abbreviated. By 1935, 4,000,000 of ten million adolescents or 40% young people of secondary school age, were out of school.

To set aside cash, families disregarded medicinal and dental consideration. Numerous families looked to adapt by planting gardens, canning nourishment, purchasing utilized bread, and utilizing cardboard and cotton for shoe soles. In spite of a lofty decrease in nourishment costs, numerous families managed without milk or meat. In New York City, milk utilization declined a million gallons every day.

It constrained couples to defer marriage and drove the birthrate beneath the substitution level without precedent for American history. The separation rate fell, for the basic explanation that numerous couples couldn't stand to keep up discrete families or pay lawful expenses. Be that as it may, paces of renunciation took off. By 1940, 1.5 million wedded females were living separated from their spouses. In excess of 200,000 transient kids meandered the nation because of the separation of their families.

In conclusion, it should be noted that the period of the Great Depression was very difficult in economic and social terms, as evidenced by the data described earlier.

Make sure you submit a unique essay

Our writers will provide you with an essay sample written from scratch: any topic, any deadline, any instructions.

Cite this Page

The Main Effects of the Great Depression. (2022, August 25). Edubirdie. Retrieved December 11, 2023, from
“The Main Effects of the Great Depression.” Edubirdie, 25 Aug. 2022,
The Main Effects of the Great Depression. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 11 Dec. 2023].
The Main Effects of the Great Depression [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Aug 25 [cited 2023 Dec 11]. Available from:
Join 100k satisfied students
  • Get original paper written according to your instructions
  • Save time for what matters most
hire writer

Fair Use Policy

EduBirdie considers academic integrity to be the essential part of the learning process and does not support any violation of the academic standards. Should you have any questions regarding our Fair Use Policy or become aware of any violations, please do not hesitate to contact us via

Check it out!
search Stuck on your essay?

We are here 24/7 to write your paper in as fast as 3 hours.