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The Main Types of Learning Disabilities

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According to Psychology Today, “Research shows that 8 to 10% of American children under the age of 18 have some type of learning disability”. When a child tries their hardest and still struggles in an area of learning, a red flag will be waived for a learning disability. With a child having a learning disability does not categorize them as lazy or not intelligent however, their brains are simply wired differently than other kids.

With processing information it will be presented differently when receiving and translating. Academic performance for a child with a learning disability will be presented slower than a normal brain.

It will be tough with a challenge of having a learning disorder, no parents would want to see their child struggle. The question of, “What could it mean for your child’s future”? The answer to that question is that they will have a future and they will succeed in anything they want to do. With a brain that translates information slower just needs to be taught in differents ways that are custom fit to their unique learning styles. Children with learning disabilities are average or above average with having intelligence. There is a gap presented between their individual future and certain achievements. Help Guide mental health and wellness says, “Learning disabilities could be referred to as “ hidden disabilities”, a child could look perfectly normal but yet have a difficult demonstration in the skill expectation in education”. A life changing challenge the disability would be categorized not just as a learning disability but a learning difference.

A school psychologist is educated and trained in education and psychology, they diagnose a child by full evaluation to a classroom setting to a medical examination. When identifying a learning disability it will not be easy because of the wide variation, there is no single symptom presented in the child. A term for a learning disability is “umbrella”, meaning there are specific learning disabilities such as dyslexia, dysgraphia and dyscalculia.

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Dyslexia is the most common learning disability, it is referred to as a deficiency in reading. Children with dyslexia have a hard time connecting letters when reading a page with words. The brain becomes slow when identify the sound of each letter and making the connection of each word to create a sentence. For example, a child breaking down the syllables and the recognition words that rhyme. The most common issue with having dyslexia is the difficulty with the accuracy of spelling, also writing letters backwards is categorized as having dyslexia. Adolescents and adults who have a learning disability categorized as dyslexia often try to avoid activities involving reading, especially reading in front of people.

According to Learning Disabilities Association of America, “Dysgraphia is a term used to describe difficulties with putting one’s thoughts on to paper”. The writing problems that associated with dysgraphia are spelling, grammar, punctuation and handwriting. For example, their writing can show inconsistencies such as; mixtures of print and curves, upper and lower case letters, irregular sizes and lastly shapes letters. The most common issue they ender is the difficulty of thinking and writing at the same time.

Whereas dyscalculia is described as a difficulty learning numbers related to symbols and the function to perform mathematics. For example, they have a poor comprehension of memorizing/organizing numbers, telling time and counting. The most common difficulty in understanding the concept of time which can relate to days, weeks, and months etc.

Each of the described types of learning disorders requires an appropriate approach to learning.

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The Main Types of Learning Disabilities. (2022, September 01). Edubirdie. Retrieved September 22, 2023, from
“The Main Types of Learning Disabilities.” Edubirdie, 01 Sept. 2022,
The Main Types of Learning Disabilities. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 22 Sept. 2023].
The Main Types of Learning Disabilities [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Sept 01 [cited 2023 Sept 22]. Available from:
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