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The Role of Electoral College in Presidential Elections

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Have you ever imagined a person who earned more votes than the other candidate but did not win the election ? Today, I am planning to focus on the topic popular people’s vote and electoral vote for my paper. NPV, as stated by Wikipedia, is, “ The National Popular Vote Interstate Compact (NPVIC) is an agreement among a group of U.S. states and the District of Columbia to award all their electoral votes to whichever presidential candidate wins the overall popular vote in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The compact is designed to ensure that the candidate who receives the most votes nationwide is elected president, and it would come into effect only when it would guarantee that outcome.” Electoral college system according to national archives and records administration, it states/defines that, “The Electoral College is a process, not a place. The founding fathers established it in the Constitution as a compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and the election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens. The Electoral College process consists of the selection of the elector, the meeting of the electors where they vote for President and Vice President, and the counting of the electoral votes by Congress.” While the Popular vote seems to be popular choice, there are some who see the Electoral college as the better solution to the voting results. Honestly speaking, there are pros and cons to both, but I have chosen to explain the pros and cons of electoral college only.

The existing system of presidential elections was split between two stages. For the first stage, the popular voting takes place throughout the 51 states where citizens cast a vote and are later on elected democratically to the candidate for the presidency. There is indeed a maximum of 538 voters or delegates. The other is the election of the members elected from those in the 51 nations will choose the President. Of the 538 votes, it is necessary to win a minimum number of 270 votes. And afterwards, the president is inaugurated. This really allows you (U.S citizens) to adequately select the President. All of this makes a fair process of selecting for the President. It lowers the risk of illegal voting and causes the representative of each State to be very powerful, although no matter how small or insignificant it might be.

The Popular People’s Vote campaign seeks a legitimate democratic vote. Therefore, it does ensure that the person getting the majority of the popular vote gets immediately 538 votes after the first phase of the election in the 51 states. It also makes it possible for the nominee to obtain the absolute majority of the votes from all 51 states. It proposes that somehow the vote totals must be strictly democratic. In other terms, from the first round of the election, a person who gets the plurality would eventually receive the support from 538 electors among 51 nations. The applicant may receive significant majority support in principle from across all 51 nations. The issue could be that a nominee has to focus on his/her promotions on the populous regions and they might even jump states to win in the general elections. It increases the chance of corruption in just the system of voting and it could lead smaller nations to be marginalized.

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But not all of the nations had agreed to or will be participating in the NPV. I believe that it would seem in such a way that the NPV still has more restriction than for the Electorial college process. Now it’s not even possible to say which form is better, because both have certain difficulties. Yes, It does diverts the popular election of not only the country from those in the preference of representatives, causing it more undemocratic, but also guaranteeing fair representation of each nation and fair elections. On the other side, the NPV gives a vote to the general public. It excludes the Electoral College system and brings the majority of States at the possibility of illegal voting and other inconsistencies.

There are several advantages and disadvantages regarding the Electoral college, the most important advantage for the electoral college is that it asks for political support allocation which means that the candidate should gain popular support for winning the election due to the current arrangement of the Electoral College. I mean, it does help creates better unity within the country, because the approval needs to be distributed to obtain a vast bulk of voting. The second most important advantage of the electoral college is that it offers a claim, or we can say support for minority interests groups because as the Electoral College needs a broad level of coverage, the vote entering the national level is given to the minority parties. The vote totals of a small percentage in a country can make a distinction in an election too. Last but not least, the arrangement of foreign representation is established in the electoral college. The USA was founded on the principle of an unreasonable state’s rights. This first of all is part of the reason for the territorial uprising. The Electoral College can uphold a general view so that there can be a continuation of the structure of government and the organized political authority from each national and local federal government. Each State and district receive the equal opportunity, whether it’s from the House or the House of representatives.

Now, focusing on the other negative side of the electoral college it does have several disadvantages. First and foremost is that it includes a chance of electing a minority president. Over the past 20 years, the US has chosen two minority candidates just because of the Electoral College. As per my research I also found out that with much less than 50% of the overall people’s vote in 1992, Bill Clinton’s presidency was elected and formed too. The second most important disadvantage is that it might actually prevent people from voting. As in, although a popular vote is a political system process , the electoral elections and the change in the population DOES mean that votes are redistributed every ten years and because of that it is, therefore, complex that certain fewer steps are required, which could give citizens the feeling that their votes would never make any difference, so that they simply remain at home. Lastly, coming to the third disadvantage of the electoral college , it is stated via many articles that it tends to favour some less populous and smaller countries like eventually, the electoral college gives too much power, which is rather unequal with the larger states and the voting power of these kinds of small states has historically been reinforced whereas the Republican Party has supported it too as well.

To sum it up, I personally think that the Electoral College is perhaps not the best way to respond to U.S. presidential votes, but it can also appear to be the appropriate method and it also provides agreement and helps protect the minorities who could see their freedoms invaded against their system.

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The Role of Electoral College in Presidential Elections. (2022, September 15). Edubirdie. Retrieved February 3, 2023, from
“The Role of Electoral College in Presidential Elections.” Edubirdie, 15 Sept. 2022,
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The Role of Electoral College in Presidential Elections [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Sept 15 [cited 2023 Feb 3]. Available from:
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