The Role Of Sensory Marketing And Hotels Websites In Musical Advertising, Customer Satisfaction And Employees Loyalty In Hotel Industry

  • Words: 2091
  • |
  • Pages: 5
  • This essay sample was donated by a student to help the academic community. Papers provided by EduBirdie writers usually outdo students' samples.
Download PDF

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to provide empirical evidence to support the role of sensory Marketing in the 5 stars hotels. Data were collected through a survey from the customers of the restaurants. A sample of 362 respondents was taken for the study. Hypotheses were tested through statistical tests using SPSS and SmartPLS 3.0. Empirical evidence supports the view that 5 stars hotels using sensory marketing techniques have more satisfied customers than otherwise. The sample was chosen on the basis of income of respondents. Data were collected from three major cities of Pakistan (Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad). The study should be replicated in different contexts to find the similarity of results along with finding new perspectives. The paper provides support for the significance of sensory marketing to enhance the satisfaction of customers and employees loyalty and commitment in restaurants by using service quality.

Introduction

Sensual advertising

In the time of creativity and advancement, sensual advertising is the paradigm change from traditional promotion. Advertising experts, the vital component of the association are applying whatever number of senses as could be implemented under the circumstances to be attractive, to pull the buyer for purchasing and recalling their items. The new model of emotional branding by means of sensory advertising has been grasped by most of organization (Gatchalian, 1999). They now look not only to build associations with their clients as well as to include them by involving their senses. Organizations’ Endeavour to distinguish themselves and their brands by making extraordinary qualities and offerings. Contrarily,it is once in a while possible for organizations to address all of the senses. Subsequently, Organizations ought to decide on the sensory appeals in connection with their specific fields of organizations. The capacity of the physical environment to impact behaviour and to make a picture is especially obvious for sensory organisations, for example, restaurants, hotels, banks, professional offices, hospitals and retail stores (Kotler, 1973).

During last decade there occur few changes in casual dining too. As the customer’ expectations and awareness is raising so restaurant industry has renovate itself according to it. Now customers have become more design savvy and health conscious due to food and design related TV shows and magazines as well as the internet (Ertzberger, 2009)

Industry practitioners also recognize the power of the narrative (Mogelonsky, 2015).Focusing on narrative persuasion, hotel marketers can encourage customers to immerse themselves in future hotel experiences. A gestalt image forms as customers imagine themselves as part of the narrative. Despite substantial interests in narratives as a persuasion mechanism (Hamby et al., 2017; van Laer, de Ruyter, Visconti, & Wetzels, 2014), little evidence exists to understand how their application creates positive customers’ responses in the hotel industry. Since many customers first search for information on hotels’ websites before they make their purchase decisions, a persuasive narrative serves as a catalylst to surface other stored memories and foster customers’ future experiences. Along with technological advancement, the service industry utilizes an e-commerce environment because websites provide unique attributes of “selling the experience” to prospective customers (Lai, Chen, & Lin, 2007).

Visual aesthetics have long been recognized as key determinants of ad effectiveness. In this review, we focus on how ad visuals can lead to spontaneous generation of imagery in the viewer’s mind with stimulus orientation [11] and perceived movement affecting the amount and the type of imagery generated. The content of these images, in addition to how the images are formed, plays a large role in affecting evaluations toward the ad and the product.

Theories

Total quality management theory

The idea for quality of service need rose up out of total quality management theory and presently it may be dealt with Likewise a key paradigm to powerful TQM execution. The writing survey suggested that administration personal satisfaction might be sorted under number from claiming approaches for example, client administration value; web administration caliber Furthermore robotized administration nature (Al-Hawari, Ward, & Newby, 2009; Jun & Cai, 2001) for the basic point on attain client satisfaction, moved forward Money related performance, and intensity. Service nature will be a multidimensional Develop instead of Hosting uni-dimensional intending. Also, writing Audit further reveals to that measuring administration caliber may be not a simple undertaking Further more quite a few issues need aid there done measuring it. Mossycup oak manifestations of estimation of administration nature keep tabs once client fulfillment.

Transportation theory

Prior studies apply transportation theory to different media contexts to understand whether or not customers enjoy the story and how their immersion processes occur (Hamby et al.,2017; Wang & Calder, 2009). Green’s (1996) Transportation-Imagery Model provides a fundamental stepping-stone for the narrative-based belief change. To explain the process of Transportation, Green and Brock (2000) propose “Pinocchio Circling” to evaluate questioning or doubtful reactions of the message toward a story by recipients. They demonstrate that Narrative persuasion leads to fewer counterarguments because highly transported readers process fewer false messages. Transportation theory focuses on customers’ immersion into the story and their subjective experience, enabling them to fill the gap and create their own meanings in the story. The notion of being transported also relates to the reader-response theory. The reader-response theory explains the reader’s active role, when (s)he interacts with the text (Athinodoros, Arnould, & Hampton, 2012). Many disciplines recognize the value of stories, such as communication (Green & Brock, 2002), consumer psychology (Nielsen & Escalas, 2010), marketing (Hamby et al., 2017; van Laer et al., 2014), and tourism (Martin & Woodside, 2011; Tussyadiah, Park, & Fesenmaier, 2011). Stories (narratives) serve as an effective persuasion strategy, since stories engage customers and influence customers’ behaviors (Arnould &Price, 1993; Arnould & Wallendorf, 1994).

Gaps

To date, however, research has paid relatively little attention to how acoustic, haptic, and olfactory sensory input affect consumer decision-making and attitude formation processes. More systematic research is also needed to expand our understanding of musical advertising .Another area worth investigating is sensory dominance. It is generally well-accepted that sensory marketing leads to service quality, only a handful studies have been attempted which empirically verify the sensory marketing-service quality link in restaurant context (Tešanovic, Krasavcic, Miro Kalenjuk, Portic, & Gagic, 2014). According to existing body of knowledge, no study has comprehensively investigated that relationship of sensory marketing with service quality.

Save your time!
We can take care of your essay
  • Proper editing and formatting
  • Free revision, title page, and bibliography
  • Flexible prices and money-back guarantee
Place Order

Sensory marketing

Sensory information explains the descriptions that stimulate customers’ senses. A new marketing paradigm supports sensory marketing’s role in influencing customers’ behaviors after exposure to the advertisement or environment (Achrol & Kotler, 2012). Sensory marketing explains the marketing activities that engage the customers’ senses and further influences their perception, judgment, and behavior (Krishna, 2012). Prior studies indentify this role for sensory marketing (Kim & Perdue, 2013; Yoon & Park, 2012). For example, Elder and Krishna (2010) identify multi-sensory ads lead to higher taste perceptions than single-sensory ads. Investigating sensory appeals in advertisements, Yoon and Park identify sensory .Preferences enhance ad effectiveness and lead to favorable brand attitudes. Kim and Perdue Confirm sensory attributes influence customers’ choice behaviors in the hotel industry.

The extant literature suggests information exposure that stimulates all five human Senses helps customers to create vivid, concrete images of their future hotel experiences. Comparing customers exposed to sensory hotel information vs. no sensory information, the former group should have better persuasive, experiential, emotional, and cognitive responses, proposing the following hypotheses.

Hotel websites

Industry practitioners also recognize the power of the narrative (Mogelonsky, 2015).Focusing on narrative persuasion, hotel marketers can encourage customers to immerse themselves in future hotel experiences. A gestalt image forms as customers imagine themselves as part of the narrative. Despite substantial interests in narratives as a persuasion mechanism (Hamby et al., 2017; van Laer, de Ruyter, Visconti, & Wetzels, 2014), little evidence exists to understand how their application creates positive customers’ responses in the hotel industry. Since many customers first search for information on hotels’ websites before they make their purchase decisions, a persuasive narrative serves as a catalylst to surface other stored memories and foster customers’ future experiences. Along with technological advancement, the service industry utilizes an e-commerce environment because websites provide unique attributes of “selling the experience” to prospective customers (Lai, Chen, & Lin, 2007).

Musical advertising: A recent study from Nielsen noted that almost every television ad included music .Given the omnipresence of music, it is crucial to understand its effects. Music in advertising has been shown to impact ad persuasion by influencing mood and involvement. In addition, music itself can carry a meaning—both embodied and referential .In terms of embodied meaning (spontaneous feelings or reactions generated by the sounds of music, independently of context or semantic connotations), ads with a faster tempo can evoke more positive feelings. More abbreviated percussive sounds and a more repetitive rhythm generate more energy. In addition, auditory rhythms have a cross-modal influence on how one allocates visual attention; in other words, rhythmic auditory stimuli can direct attention rising:

Music in ads also has a referential meaning, which is context dependent and reflects a Listener’s personal associations. Most of the research on this topic focuses on context, transportation, and familiarity. With respect to the context, results generally show that music can improve message processing, brand recall, and brand attitude only when it fits (it is congruent) with features of the ad and brand .With respect to transportation, some research investigated the persuasive power of moving (i.e., emotional) music in audio-visual advertising.

The research showed the persuasiveness of such music is based on the listener’s ability to “get lost” in the ad’s story. Such narrative transportation reduces critical processing, thereby increasing behavioral intentions (e.g., purchase intentions or willingness to donate money) by leading viewers into the ad’s story. The author suggested that moving music should not be used when communicating a complex advertising message, as it appears to disrupt attention and critical Processing. Finally, music familiarity is another very important element to consider in advertising. Ward, Goodman, and Irwin[47] found that although consumers say they prefer listening to Accepted Manuscript unfamiliar music, familiarity with music positively predicts individuals’ preferences for songs. When determining whether consumers would choose a particular kind of music or playlist, marketers should bypass consumers’ ideas of what they want and instead ask about their familiarity with the music. Similarly, Stalinski and Schellenberg[48] investigated whether liking a song affects song recollection. They found that liking is directly associated with recognition. Listeners therefore tend to like music they remember and vice versa.

Final remarks and future directions

Sensory marketing is an emerging field of research. In this review article, we have presented a brief overview of how research in sensory perception can be applied to advertisement design and effectiveness, which we hope will spur, further exploration of this topic. Much of what we have learned in the sensory marketing literature has clear practical and theoretical implications. To date, however, research has paid relatively little attention to how acoustic, haptic, and olfactory sensory input affect consumer decision-making and attitude formation processes. More systematic research is also needed to expand our understanding of musical advertising .Another area worth investigating is sensory dominance; for example, does a specific sense have a greater impact on ad effectiveness depending on the advertising medium used? Addressing these (and related) questions will further advance our understanding of how sensory marketing impacts consumers’ thoughts, feelings, and actions.

Sensory marketing plays a role in making the environment more effective in which they are used. Findings of the study reveal that youngsters are more attracted towards the sensory marketing. They consider such restaurants as full of attraction and want to revisit them. The environment of such restaurants is fascinating and they leave better image on the consumers. The education of the consumers also plays a role in the liking of the restaurant. As supported from the results that consumers who have high level of education are more attracted towards restaurants using sensory marketing. This may be because of their environment catering to the highly sophisticated consumers.

Even though this study offers theoretical and managerial implications, the findings suggest future research opportunities. This research supports a role for story-format sensory information as a tool for narrative persuasion. Future research should examine other effects that promote envisioning future experiences. Different mental imagery techniques may trigger positive customers’ responses. For instance, mental simulation types (Zhao, hoeffler,ZauberMan, 2011) can examine how they foster customers’ website experience. In addition, this study focuses on the hotel industry, but narrative persuasion’s effect likely differs by context. Future research can incorporate different product types to fully understand proper narrative persuasion strategies by product category. Moreover, this study is limited to Pakistan hotel customers and further study is necessary to generalize the results. Future studies can investigate cultural effects in narrative persuasion because a compelling narrative likely differs depending upon the culture (Kim et al., 2016).

Make sure you submit a unique essay

Our writers will provide you with an essay sample written from scratch: any topic, any deadline, any instructions.

Cite this Page

The Role Of Sensory Marketing And Hotels Websites In Musical Advertising, Customer Satisfaction And Employees Loyalty In Hotel Industry. (2022, Jun 09). Edubirdie. Retrieved August 8, 2022, from https://edubirdie.com/examples/the-role-of-sensory-marketing-and-hotels-websites-in-musical-advertising-customer-satisfaction-and-employees-loyalty-in-hotel-industry/
“The Role Of Sensory Marketing And Hotels Websites In Musical Advertising, Customer Satisfaction And Employees Loyalty In Hotel Industry.” Edubirdie, 09 Jun. 2022, edubirdie.com/examples/the-role-of-sensory-marketing-and-hotels-websites-in-musical-advertising-customer-satisfaction-and-employees-loyalty-in-hotel-industry/
The Role Of Sensory Marketing And Hotels Websites In Musical Advertising, Customer Satisfaction And Employees Loyalty In Hotel Industry. [online]. Available at: <https://edubirdie.com/examples/the-role-of-sensory-marketing-and-hotels-websites-in-musical-advertising-customer-satisfaction-and-employees-loyalty-in-hotel-industry/> [Accessed 8 Aug. 2022].
The Role Of Sensory Marketing And Hotels Websites In Musical Advertising, Customer Satisfaction And Employees Loyalty In Hotel Industry [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Jun 09 [cited 2022 Aug 8]. Available from: https://edubirdie.com/examples/the-role-of-sensory-marketing-and-hotels-websites-in-musical-advertising-customer-satisfaction-and-employees-loyalty-in-hotel-industry/
copy
Join 100k satisfied students
  • Get original paper written according to your instructions
  • Save time for what matters most
hire writer

Fair Use Policy

EduBirdie considers academic integrity to be the essential part of the learning process and does not support any violation of the academic standards. Should you have any questions regarding our Fair Use Policy or become aware of any violations, please do not hesitate to contact us via support@edubirdie.com.

Check it out!