Literature is a writing measured to be as art form or any single writing thought to have intellectual value, often due to deploying language in ways that differ from ordinary usage. It deals with nature and man’s relationship with external world. It has traditionally been applied to those imaginative works of poetry and prose. The word ‘subaltern’ means inferior rank. It chooses a lower-ranking, even an inferior, individual. Mrinal Pande(1946) is an Indian Television, Personality, Journalist and author. In 2009, she was the chief editor of Hindi Daily Hindustan. She wrote many short stories such as Devi, Daughter’s daughter, the subject is woman, Girl. His short story “Girl”, deals with Indian women, how they are treated by society. The main protagonist of the story unnamed eight-year-old girl, who is second daughter of a middle-class family. This paper present about women condition and struggles our Indian Society.
Keyword: Gender discrimination, Male domination, Social injustice.
This paper presents about the Short story “Girl” was written by Mrinal Pande. She is Indian television Personality, Journalist and author. In 2009, She was chief editor of “Hindi Daily Hindustan”. Earlier she worked for Doordarshan and Star news. She was the editor of Popular Women’s magazine ‘Vama’. The Government of India awarded her the fourth highest civilian honour of Padma Shri in 2006. She has also written a few short stories. In her short story “Girl” deals with the way Indian Women is treated in our society. It was first published in Hindi weekly ‘Dharmyug’ in 1983. It was translated in English language weekly ‘Manushi’ in same year.
The word ‘subaltern’ means inferior rank and lower-ranking or inferiority of individual person especially the women. It refers to any person or group of inferior rank or station, whether because of race, class, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, or religion. Subaltern writers are Wole Soyinka, Paul Laurence Dunbar, Bama, Mirnal Pande etc.
This story shows us how we treated women in our modern society. It basically tell us unjustified admiration of male child and women’s sensitive view and insincerity of some rites. The main protagonist of the story is an eight-year-old girl who is second daughter of middle-class family. She is narrator of the story and explores her view about gender inequality. Her mother was irritation to her three daughters. The three daughters represent three different attitudes of victims of gender prejudice. Its represent the narrator awareness of women’s right
The short story “Girl” was about an unnamed narrator. Her mother Lali is stressed and irritable person. Her mother was pregnant for the fourth time expecting her boy child. The eldest daughter is soft and dutiful and play the role that a girl in a male dominated society is obediently expected to fulfil. The Second daughter is rebellious. She is conscious of the partial discrimination against the girl children. She symbolizes awareness of Women’s rights. The youngest daughter understands what is going on but she represents innocence and ignorance on the part of wounded of gender injustice. Narrator’s father Babu is kind man. He thinks that his daughters want educated as it is useful for their future live. Narrator’s grandma is an old woman. She also neglects her grandchildren. The story shows us how gender injustice prevails in her family.
The narrator’s mother thinks about her children because they are girl child. She is stressed and irritate to her daughter’s particularly to her second daughter narrator of story. The narrator mother is pregnancy fourth time. She expects this time a boy child. The narrator notices her mother’s attitude. In this story, girl child are restricted to play game. They are treated as minor human in male dominating society. When the narrator enters her grandma’s house, she wishes to sit on her grandma lap, but her grandma rejected it.
This story tells us the women’s condition and discrimination in male dominating society. It is not only the men, women themselves also against the women feeling in Indian society. It deals with women’s condition and troubles in Indian society. The central theme of the story is oppression of girls in certain section of Indian society. The main protagonist of the story unnamed 9 year old girl unwillingly accepted her troubles and nuisance. She thinks that girls do not has own individuality in her life. The story also deals with Gender discrimination.
The narrator of the story hears the mother and grandma voice. They are angry with the girl child. The children are ignored the world grown up, where women are occupied in their own problem and pre-occupation. The narrator over hear the aunt’s feeling, she treated as dog in her grandma home. She also overhears the mother’s response “All of us suffer like that, one just has to endure it”. A little girl watch bird flying in outside of house, she wishes, she was born a bird and unhappily reflecting on her own status in her family. This story tell about women’s sufferings and challenges in the Indian society. ‘When God created man and woman, he was thinking, ‘Who shall I give the power to, to give birth to the next human being?’. And God chose woman. And this is the big evidence that women are powerful.’