In Victorian age, a glorious period in British history, marriage meant the husband was the dominator and bread earner of the family while the wife was supposed to support him and attend the family well. The Ramsay couple is the typical model of Victorian marriage. Both of them play the conventional roles of gender according to the criteria of the society. Mr. Ramsay is a respectable husband and intelligent scholar, enjoying high reputation in the academic circle. Mrs. Ramsay is...
The novel To The Lighthouse, written by the british writer Virginia Woolf belongs to the literary movement known as Modernism. Modernism in its essence breaks with the previous form of creation that was conceived in the Victorian era, and demands more focus on the writing itself, relegating content in favour of form. This can be applied to To the Lighthouse in the sense that what matters is not the story of the family itself, but the ongoing reflection and inner...
Virginia Woolf is one of the most famous writers of the modernist era, she was not merely a writer, at the same time she was a biographer, an essayist and also a feminist. Critics tend to agree that Woolf’s finest novel is To the Lighthouse (1927), which is certainly one of the central works of the modern imagination. To the Lighthouse is Woolf’s most autobiographical novel, she uses the characters of Mr. and Mrs. Ramsay in To the Lighthouse as...
In the novel To the Lighthouse, Virginia Woolf dives deep into the consciousness of her characters through her versatile writing style. She writes in a way that permeates between the inside and outside world of each character, mirroring how the mind speaks. By utilizing both a stream of consciousness and concise writing style, Woolf forces her audience to view the paradoxical duality of time in a different light. Throughout her novel, Woolf shows how the relationship between ephemerality and permanence...
There is no shore of Time, no port of Man. It flows, and we go on. Literature introduces various conceptions of time depending on the literary genres. For instance, romantic poets like Alphonse de Lamartine and John Keats take into account the eternity of time by focusing on the ephemerality of men in order to share their melancholy. On the contrary, in response to Romanticism, realist novelist like Émile Zola and Charles Dickens set their feelings aside and tend to...
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In a social system of patriarchy, where men have the power and authority, women are chained by the society’s code of behavior. Patriarchy has deprived women of their rights. Hence, men have been the owners of properties, decision makers and dominators of the public sphere. Moreover, women are limited to the image of “the angel in the house”. They are regarded as biologically and culturally inferior which lead to a lack of self-esteem. Women are seen through sex-role stereotyping as...
Superficially, nothing could be more disparate than the Dig and To the Lighthouse. From being worlds apart in time to the complete contrast in setting and focus of interest, the lowbrow, simplistic concerns of a middle class family in their holiday home could not be further from the unmerciful realism of life in the Welsh countryside. However, on a much closer study, they have much greater affinity. In To the Lighthouse, the initial focus is the Ramsay’s marriage. A sense...
Have you ever wanted something so hard in life that you chased after it to the ends of the earth? Or did you idly sit by wishing and dreaming? “Yes, she thought, laying down her brush in extreme fatigue, I have had my vision”. To The Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf is a story about people trying to achieve what they want most in life while battling the norms of their society – all set by the unremitting sea. Virginia Woolf,...
In To the Lighthouse and The Life and Death of Harriett Frean, we come across women whom their intrinsic being is commensurate to the realities they are in and the social conditioning that has influenced them. The novels published in 1927 and 1922 repectively frame women and their setting within and against different contexts yet with common traits. In the case of Virginia Woolf’s novel Mrs. Ramsay is the conventional married woman emboding the Victorian class requirements who according to...