What is a leader?
According to oxforddictionaries.com (lexico), a leader is a person who commands a group, organization, or country and leadership is the action of leading a group of people or an organization.
What is leadership?
There are many different views and perceptions on leadership and what it exactly means. This is because there are many different types of leaders and many different views on them, but it can be concluded that leadership is the ability and skill to motivate, influence, and inspire a group of people, an organization, or a country to have governmental success. A leader should focus on the followers and put out an outline of the overall goals that need to be achieved and should be able to influence the followers to readily and unreservedly achieve these goals.
After reading and researching more about Vladimir Putin’s road to an effective governmental leader in Russia. One of the biggest reasons that Vladimir Putin was elected President is because he understands Russian citizens based on culture, values, and norms. Vladimir Putin can be considered a perfect Russian role model because he was one from humble beginnings, Vladimir Putin was born on October 7, 1952, in Leningrad. To mother Maria Shelomova and Father Vladimir Spiridonovich Putin. president Putin met his wife Lyudmila Shkrebneva through a mutual friend. Lyudmila worked as a flight attendant on domestic airlines and had come to Leningrad for three days with a friend. Vladimir and Lyudmila Putin were married until 2013.
In 1985, before their departure for Germany, Vladimir and Lyudmila Putin welcomed their first daughter, Maria. Their second daughter, Katerina, was born in 1986, in Dresden.
Both girls were named in honor of their grandmothers, Maria Putina and Yekaterina Shkrebneva. According to their mother, Lyudmila, Mr. Putin loves his daughters very much. “Not all fathers are as loving with their children as he is. And he has always spoiled them, while I was the one who had to discipline them,”.
From 1960-1968, Vladimir Putin attended Primary School No. 193 in Leningrad. After the eighth grade, he entered High School No. 281
In the sixth grade, Vladimir Putin decided that he needed to achieve something in life, so he began getting good grades, which came easily to him.
“It became clear that street smarts were not enough, so I began doing sports. But even that was not enough for maintaining my status, so to speak, for very long. I realized that I also needed to study well,” Vladimir Putin says. In 1970, Vladimir Putin became a student in the law department at Leningrad State University, earning his degree in 1975. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Mr. Putin studied at KGB School No. 1 in Moscow. Even before he finished school he wanted to work in intelligence so he went to the kgb office to find out the requirements for working in intelligence and from that moment he decided he would complete a law degree. In 1970, Vladimir Putin was admitted to the law department at Leningrad State University. He is a very well-educated man with a Ph.D. in economics that identifies the country’s resources and makes sure that these are efficiently used.
How the leader came to occupy the office –
After returning to Leningrad from Germany in 1990, Vladimir Putin became assistant to the rector of Leningrad State University in charge of international relations. In 1996, he and his family moved to Moscow, where his political career began. n 1996, Vladimir Putin moved with his family to Moscow, where he was offered the post of Deputy Chief of the Presidential Property Management Directorate. Putin’s career rose rapidly. In March 1997, he was appointed Deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Executive Office and Chief of Main Control Directorate. Busy with work as he was, he still found time to defend his doctoral thesis on economics at the St Petersburg State Mining Institute. In May 1998, Putin was made First Deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Executive Office, and in July 1998, he was appointed Director of the Federal Security Service. From March 1999, he also held the position of Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.
On 9 August 1999, Putin was appointed one of three First Deputy Prime Ministers, and later on, that day was appointed acting Prime Minister of the Government of the Russian Federation by President Yeltsin. Yeltsin also announced that he wanted to see Putin as his successor.
Role of the leader in the office
Vladimir Putin’s role in the office is president.
Nato was formed in response to the power of the USSR to provide a military response if necessary. Russia has always looked at this alliance with suspicion and considers its existence a threat to its political and military hegemony. Vladimir Putin has sought to establish Russia as a global presence and often comes into conflict with western powers. Despite having signed an agreement with NATO, Russia was eventually suspended because of its aggressive acts against Ukraine and specifically the annexation of Crimea in 2004(?) In some ways, Putin resents NATO because it represents a countervailing presence against Russia’military power.
Putin, as a leader, is seeking to reestablish Russia as a leading world power, using its ownership of nuclear weapons and other arsenals to intimidate smaller countries and form alliances with others. This was most recently seen by its actions in both Syria and Venezuela.
The President determines Russia’s position in international affairs, alongside the Prime Minister and the Government of the Federation, and represents the state in international relations, conducts negotiations, and signs ratification documents.
The leader’s vision
President Putin’s First step was to state a clear vision for the future state of Russia that clearly based on the demands of the Russian citizens. In his Address to the Federal Assembly on May 26, 2004, Putin said, “Our goals are very clear. We want high living standards and a safe, free, and comfortable life for the country. We want a mature democracy and a developed civil society.
We want to strengthen Russia’s place in the world. But our main goal, I repeat, is to bring about a noticeable rise in our people’s prosperity.
We have better knowledge today of our own potential and we know what resources we have at our disposal. We understand the obstacles we could face in reaching the goals we have set and we are actively modernizing the state in order to make sure that its functions correspond to the present stage of Russia’s development – that of achieving a real rise in living standards.” He proved a clear orientation between his vision, strategy, and behavior. Moreover, he created an easy and transparent structure for the Russian government based on honesty and trustworthiness to fight corruption.
He has very accurate problem-solving skills, and analysis and is a hairsplitter who does not jump to conclusions. Vladimir Putin has certain skills, qualities, and traits such as his conceptual skills to understand Russia as a whole country and the relation between the society, community, and the government as the world at a large and how it influences its country helps him to plan out situational factors that might happen and how he should influence on these decisions.
Vladimir Putin’s relationship with his followers
Putin is actively promoted as a charismatic leader, where he can be seen fighting with tigers and bears. Vladimir Putin knows extremely well how to use his charisma in giving his interviews His immense self-confidence, fearless behavior, authority, and determination complete the whole package that has made him who he is and impresses his friends and foes. Followers of Charismatic leaders are assuming their leader possesses special skills or gifts and are captivated by their ideas. Compared to previous presidents in Russia, Boris Yeltsin for example who is considered a clown by the majority of the Russian people, Vladimir Putin makes a very good example that he is perceived as someone who is charismatic yet at the same time considered as one of the most driven, intelligent leaders of leaders Russia, who shows no fear against the Western sanctions and threats, he remains popular among people of Russia. Vladimir Putin’s approval rating remained above 80% for a long time. Even though it has dropped he is still depicted as a superhero and even as Judah in an art exhibit dedicated solely to him, called SUPERPUTIN . it seems he cannot do anything wrong in the eyes of the Russians
Type of leader / leadership style
Megalomaniacs like Putin are known for an autocratic leadership style, He controlled most of the important decisions made within the government and was most of the time not open to the opinions and insights of others. This has his strengths and weaknesses, since Putin is a visionary who wants to build up a greater Russia and is perfectionistic this played out very well for him. He knew if he wanted to realize his vision of a greater Russia he had to take control into his own hands.
He was known to be a very intimidating, influential, and feared leader therefore he dominated and controlled the government completely. This type of leadership centralizes power and decision-making. Usually, this sort of leadership would be considered negative because it can lead to frustration and unhappy employees but his employees and team believed in him and had the same vision they followed him totally to show loyalty that they would be highly rewarded for as well.
As mentioned, Vladimir Putin is an autocratic leader, and based on the Continuum Model, he was the only one to make the decisions, there was no little team involvement. he is the only one to make the decisions, and there was not little team involvement. Vladimir Putin’s decisions are first reviewed based on logic and equanimity, he always reviewed his option in the degree of the aims, and issues and prioritized his time to accomplish if he will take the decision or let his management team go over it first and then he would take the final decision In most cases his teams do not have an influential role on the decision making but he still listens to his employees and team absorbs the opinions and views but at the end, he makes the final decision.
The situational leadership model designed by Hersey and Blanchard regarding leadership styles is divided into four levels; S1-S2-S3-S4 which corresponds with the four stages of follower readiness referred to as D1-D2-D3-D4.
The leadership style relevant to Vladimir Putin during his presidency is delegating style S4. President Vladimir Putin of Russia by setting a vision and goals and giving clear direction to his colleagues whilst carrying out important tasks on both national and international political levels.
The leadership style relevant to Vladimir Putin during his presidency is delegating style S4. As president Vladimir Putin delegates Russia by setting a vision and goals and giving clear direction to his colleagues whilst carrying out important tasks on both national and international political levels. Whereas his prime-minister Medvedev for example is to some extent S3 – where he facilitates the President, Vladimir Putin, in supporting and assisting him in running the office through communicating ideas, guiding him when needed, as well as keeping his followers within Crimea and its citizens engaged.
How he deals with opportunities and challenges
President Putin does not hesitate to seize opportunities. for example when he was offered the position in office by Yeltsin. Putin recalled, “Mr. Yeltsin invited me to come and see him and said that he wanted to offer me the prime minister’s job. Incidentally, he never used the word ‘successor’ in his conversation with me then, but spoke of becoming ‘prime minister with prospects’, and said that if all went well, he thought this could be possible”.
Vladimir Putin accepts any challenge that comes his way that he thinks he can overcome. Vladimir Putin judo as a child so that from a tender age he would understand how to approach different challenges. For example isis, this group of terrorists was a worldwide problem. isis took a lot of Syria and claimed it as part of Iraq. Isis was a real threat to President Assad.
President Putin is a very relentless leader he does not back down from a challenge and therefore tries to handle conflicts as bravely as possible. a perfect example is when he annexed Crimea, Crimea is a peninsula connected on the northwest to the mainland of Ukraine. According to Grant, T. (2015). Annexation of Crimea. American Journal of International Law, the Russian Federation, by a municipal law act dated March 21, 2014, annexed Crimea, an area of Ukraine. This act followed armed intervention by forces of the Russian Federation, a referendum, and a declaration of independence in Crimea. Outside the context of decolonization, few claims of annexation following the use of force have been made during the United Nations era; this is the first by a permanent member of the Security Council against a United Nations member. The present article examines the annexation of Crimea in view of the legal arguments that the Russian Federation has articulated in defense of its actions. It then considers the international response and the possible consequences of nonrecognition.
Is he a failure
President Putin is one of the most effective Russia has seen in a while he is well on his way to achieving the vision he set out to do from the beginning of his term. According to (Country Economy) the Gross Domestic Product of Russia grew 0.2% in the second quarter of 2019 compared to the previous quarter. This rate is the same as in the previous quarter.
The year-on-year change in GDP was 0.8%, 2 -tenths of one percent less than the 1% recorded in the first quarter of 2019.
The GDP figure in the second quarter of 2019 was $334,420 million, leaving Russia placed 10th in the ranking of quarterly GDP of the 50 countries that we publish.
Russia has a quarterly GDP per capita, of $2,560, $189 higher than the same quarter last year, it was If we order the countries according to their GDP per capita, Russia is in 41st position. According to this parameter, its population has a low level of affluence compared to the 50 countries whose quarterly GDP we publish.
Vladimir Putin understood fully what the country needed and what was required of him in order to achieve his vision for Russia. When he was elected, despite what he promised to the powerful families that supported him in his rise to the presidency, Putin took control of activities within Russia such as the media and free press to push his own agenda. He understood that public opinion mattered in the image that he wanted to portray and took command in the eyes of the general public by crushing the opposition in Russia. At the cost of freedom, Putin brought stability and a sense of security to Russia.
In this report, I concluded that although Putin has his own plan, changing the way that Russia was viewed internally and universally was one of his aims and also part of his vision. Therefore, he may not be the most orthodox political leader we know and it remains a fact that it was Putin who brought back Russia from its lost glories and back to the world stage