William Shakespeare was an English author also writer and actor. he was born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon. it had been conjointly believed that he passed away within the 23rd of Apr in 1616. he was the oldest son of John and Mary’s Shakespeare. He had 2 sisters Anne and Joan; who didn’t live long after infancy. William had also 3 younger brothers, Richard, Gilbert, and Edmund. his father, John Shakespeare, was a businessman and a leatherworker who specialized in the soft white leather which used for gloves and similar items. He married Mary Arden. John was an alderman but after being working at some local offices in Stratford just until William became years old, however, he stepped back from public life with no mentioned reason.
William Shakespeare almost certainly attended Stratford’s grammar school which its curriculum is revolving around the Latin classics, and also writing, memorization, and acting classic Latin plays. Shakespeare attended this school until he became 15 years old. He left the school and after a couple of years later, he married Anne Hathaway at 1582 when he was 18 years old then while Anne was 26. Anne grew up just outside Stratford at Shottery’s village and she spent the rest of her life in Stratford after her marriage. In early 1585, Shakespeare was working in London, while Anne and the children were at Stanford. He had only one son called Hamnet but he died in 1596 at the age of 11. Then he has his first grandchild in 1608 from His older daughter Susanna’s marriage from a good doctor from Stanford and in 1616, Shakespeare’s daughter Judith married Thomas Quiney, a Stratford vintner.
William Shakespeare’s works are including 38 plays, 2 narrative poems, 154 sonnets, and a variety of other poems. and we have about half of his plays thanks to a group of actors from Shakespeare’s company who kept it all of these years. after Shakespeare’s death, the plays were collected, preserved for publication. These writings were brought together in a common name called folio and It contained 36 of his plays, but none of his poetry.
By 1597, Shakespeare had already written and published 15 of his 37 plays and he decided to build his theater, so by 1599, Shakespeare and his business partners built their theater and called it the Globe Theater. In 1605, Shakespeare purchased contracts of real estate near Stratford for 440 pounds, and it earned him 60 pounds a year which means the doubled value. He was only an artist but this made also an entrepreneur. And that had might gave him time to write his plays uninterrupted.
The first works of Shakespeare were Richard III and the three parts of Henry VI. they were written at the beginning of the 1590s during the popularity of historical drama. Shakespeare’s plays are difficult to date precisely, however, the studies of the texts suggest that Titus Andronicus, The Comedy of Errors, The Taming of the Shrew, and The Two Gentlemen of Verona can also belong to the first period of Shakespeare. The early plays were influenced by the works of other Elizabethan playwrights, in particular Thomas Kyd and Christopher Marlowe, by the traditions of medieval theater and by plays by Seneca. The comedy of errors was also based on classic models. Shakespeare’s first classical and Italian comedies, containing comedy sequences and giving way in the mid-1590s to the romantic atmosphere of his most admired comedies. A Midsummer Night’s Dream is an excellent blend of romance, magical magic, and comic lowlife scenes. Shakespeare’s early classical and Italianate comedies, containing comedy sequences and give the way in the middle of the 1590s to the romantic atmosphere of his most admired comedies.
A Midsummer Night’s Dream is a great mixture of romance, fairy magic, and comic lowlife scenes. Then Shakespeare has mixed between romantic and comedy in the Merchant of Venice, which reflects Elizabethan views but may appear disrespectful to modern audiences. Also, the lively merrymaking of Twelfth Night completes Shakespeare’s sequence of great comedies. The lyrical Richard II was written almost entirely in verse. Shakespeare introduced prose comedy into the histories of the end of the 1590s, Henry IV, parts 1 and 2, and Henry V. His characters became more tender and complex while he switches dexterously between comedy, serious scenes, prose, and poetry, and achieves the narrative variety of his mature work. we can’t also forget Romeo and Juliet, the famous romantic tragedy about adolescence, love, and death; and Julius Caesar—based on Sir Thomas North’s 1579 translation of Plutarch’s Parallel Lives—which introduced a new kind of drama.
When William died at his home in Stratford, on 23rd April 1616 (St. George’s Day), he was buried in the chancel of the Holy Trinity Church, Stratford two days later. However, the works that Shakespeare created never stopped being alive through the countless school, amateur, and professional productions performed across the world yearly.
From his famous writes (The Two Gentlemen of Verona (1590-1591), Romeo and Juliet (1595), Richard III (1592), King John (1595-1596), The Merchant of Venice (1596-1597), Julius Caesar (1599), Hamlet (1600-01), King Lear (1605-06))
Despite the great and glory writes of William Shakespeare, he also had a lot of Critics like Leo Tolstoy who called Shakespeare’s plays ‘trivial and positively bad,’ labeled his enduring popularity ‘pernicious,’ He also mentioned that King Lear, Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, and Macbeth which considered as the best of Shakespeare’s works, as ‘an irresistible repulsion and tedium.’ Also, George Bernard Shaw who criticize Shakespeare clearly when he made his opinions about the Bard perfectly clear: ‘With the single exception of Homer,’ he once wrote, ‘there is no eminent writer, not even Sir Walter Scott, whom I despise so entirely as I despise Shakespeare when I measure my mind against his.’