Section 2.6, Problem 26 Write Up
Problem: Given that
2
1
y 0 + y = 1 − t, y(0) = y0
3
2
Find the value of y0 so that the solution just touches, but does not cross, the t−axis.
SOLUTION:
First, if y(t) touches, but does not cross, the t−axis at some point, t∗, then:
y(t∗) = 0, y 0 (t∗) = 0 y 00 (t∗) 6= 0
Secondly, the differential equation, y 0 + 32 y = 1 − 12 t, must hold for y at all t, and in particular, for t∗.
Putting this together,
2
1
0 + 0 = 1 − t∗ ⇒ t∗ = 2
3
2
Now, our solution also satisfies: y(2) = 0 and y 0 (2) = 0.
We solve the differential equation using an integrating factor to get:
2t
ye 3
0
2t
1 2t
= e 3 − te 3
2
Integrate the right hand side by Integration by Parts to get:
2t
3 2t
1 3 2t
9 2t
3
3
3
3
ye = e −
te − e
+C
2
2 2
4
Simplifying, we get that:
y=
and, using y(0) = y0 , we get that C = y0 −
y=
2
21 3
− t + Ce− 3 t
8
4
21
8 .
So,
2
21
21 3
− t + (y0 − )e− 3 t
8
4
8
Finally, using y(2) = 0, we solve for y0 :
0=
2
21 3
21
− 2 + (y0 − )e− 3 2
8
4
8
From which we get that:
y0 =
3 4/3 21
e + (1 − e4/3 ) ≈ −1.64
2
8
1