Some students struggle with writing essays while others consider it relatively easy. Formatting essays appropriately, though, is a difficulty for everyone because every citation style has its own rules. AMA citation, provided by American Medical Association, is a popular academic style used in medical and social sciences fields. AMA citation generator is of great help to those who are wary of citing sources themselves, but for its assistance to be 100% effective, you should learn some basic stylistic particularities yourself. Making references in text is essential because it increases the credibility of research and helps eliminate plagiarism. Proper formatting is worth about 10-20% of your grade, so learn what AMA style citation entails with this guide.
AMA 10th edition citation style is based on superscript and Arabic numerals (1,2,3, etc.). It means that your in-text citations and references list are closely connected because whatever source you mention in text first is going to be the first in a final list as well. Place numbers right after the fact or quote you mention. When referencing one source more than once, keep repeating the numeral you’ve used for it for the first time.
This style doesn’t require page numbers for any sources, even for using direct quotations, but many professors still ask their students to include them. If so, mention page number in parenthesis after numeral of your reference.
It should look like this:
If quote or fact stretches for longer than one page, include “pp” instead of one single “p”.
AMA citation generator can help in many cases, but unless you’re aware of what numerals mean, you’ll find it hard to apply even readily available references. When you need to cite one author, you can do it in two ways. Introduce this author in text by last name and add numeral right after that, like in example below.
Another option involves using only numerals with no mentions of name, putting them after facts or statistics.
Don’t forget that if you’re planning to refer to this work again, repeat numeral — based on example, it’ll be numeral 1.
For two authors mentioned in text, AMA referencing style requires listing both last names and putting numeral after the second one.
For three and more authors, AMA format suggests mentioning only one of them. Then add ‘et al’, which will indicate that there are more contributors who weren’t listed. Note that unlike in other styles, AMA citation doesn’t presuppose placing a period after ‘et al’.
If some useful source was created by organization, with no specific authors mentioned, simply put appropriate numeral after cited fact or name organization and put numeral after it.
In case no author is present, use either numerals like in other cases or a title of your source. For example, you want to cite an article with unknown author as well as introduce it directly in text? Use its title. Follow AMA referencing style to format it properly, though: neither italics nor quotation marks are needed for titles of short works.
AMA citation generator will unlikely be helpful if you’re planning to reference two authors who share one name. Solution is simple, just add different numerals for them, depending on who you’ve cited first. If it’s also important to introduce them in text, give their names’ initials like this:
AMA citation system is very convenient, which makes students’ academic life much easier. Numerals are the most important aspect of this style, meaning that it doesn’t matter how many works of one author you keep using in an essay. Create a separate numeral for each — it’ll be enough.
There might be cases when you need to use several sources in one sentence. Give each source its numeral, then list them one by one by separating them with comma.
It’s also possible to put hyphen between numerals of a range of sources that go in sequence. Instead of mentioning 1, 2, 3, 4, etc., follow this example.
In-text citations in AMA referencing style don’t differ for published and electronic sources. Add numerals or titles like you would in other instances.
If only one story from anthology is cited, mention its author’s name/fact/quote and include numeral after it.
AMA citation generator can help in references list formatting a lot, but still, knowing how to do that manually will be extremely useful. First thing to remember is that you need to situate all sources based on numerals you’ve placed in the text. So, source with numeral 1 will come first in references list. Source with numeral 2 will come second, and so on.
The word ‘References’ shouldn’t be in bold. Hanging indents are not generally needed, but check what professionals at your uni say; ask your professor for this manual. If nothing is provided, use this guide in the following way. Mention author’s last name, then his/her first as well as middle names’ initials. Don’t use punctuation there, though commas are needed for separating different authors.
AMA citation format for books requires numbers, names of authors, title, edition number (if it’s something other than the first), city/state of publication, publishing company’s name, as well as year.
If there are between two and six authors, list them all after comma.
In AMA format citation, don’t list authors’ full names if their number exceeds 6. Use “et al” instead.
Articles both from academic journals and popular magazines are used most frequently. AMA citation isn’t difficult here as all that’s required is author’s name, article’s title, journal name (abbreviated if possible), year of publication, volume, issue, and page range. Still, like in examples before, punctuation is very particular.
AMA citation system is convenient when it comes to electronic sources. Cite all available info in such order: author (or organization), title, website, link, publication date, as well as date of access. It should look like this.
In case you’re using only one story from a book, or maybe a specific chapter, this is how you should format it: story/chapter’s author’s name, title of short work, editor of entire collection, this collection’s title, edition, city/state, publishing house, date, pages.
For YouTube videos, either mention a person who created this video or use ‘no author’ format. Remember that if someone just uploaded the video without creating it, they cannot be regarded as its author. Follow example below.
Movies are rarely cited for this style, which is why finding an option to format them through AMA citation generator is possible. So, see an example of how it should be done.
There are many technical aspects that should be taken into consideration for AMA citation. Let’s regard five of such rules.
See this example:
As you can see, AMA is not particularly complicated, but for new students, it can be terrifying as there are many rules that differ from more common styles like APA or MLA. That’s why AMA citation generator is essential for studies. EduBirdie is proud to present its own free online machine citation maker with numerous benefits. It’s well-functioning and up-to-date; it helps cite articles from scientific journals and magazines, books, as well as websites; finally, it’s completely free and doesn’t require registration. EduBirdie will help in your assignments as it’ll assist in realizing what sources should be cited in what ways. It’s also a great option for verifying your own knowledge when citing manually.
Can I trust EduBirdie AMA Citation Generator?
Our generator is constantly checked for possible errors. All reported malfunctions are dealt with swiftly, so yes, you can trust it. Still, it can differ from university to university, which is why it’s better to get citation manual directly from your professors and compare some entries with those provided by our AMA citation generator.
When is AMA Used?
This academic style is mostly used in medical field, hence ‘M’ which stands for ‘medical’. Nursing area in particular is known for using this style. Many social sciences also prefer this format, so if you belong to one of these groups, you’ll definitely have to work with AMA referencing style.
How should AMA in-text citations be formatted?
Rules to remember include using superscript as well as Arabic numerals for every mention of fact that’s not common knowledge. You don’t need years or even pages, just make a system of numerals and point out all information in references list only.
Are abstracts obligatory in AMA?
In most cases, yes, abstracts are obligatory. AMA citation belongs to a scientific style, meaning that it’s important to present summary of research for interested professionals.
What if I need to cite source that AMA manual doesn’t have?
Such instances happen occasionally. Luckily, it has clear answers. Just cite all available information, formatting everything based on other common examples. Start with title, website’s name, image description, etc.; be sure to point out some date — for example, when the document was created or when you retrieved it.