It is absolutely safe to say that even the brightest students across colleges and universities in the United States have struggled with understanding MLA format rules. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is not difficult as long as you consult a handy list of rules with examples. Since it is one of the most common writing formats for Liberal Arts, English, and Humanities disciplines, this format has not too many, but few clear rules that students must follow to receive high grades.
At EduBirdie, we have collected the most important MLA citation information and different citation examples to help you understand each detail. Even as you turn to the MLA citation generator, you still have to understand how to use in-text citations and be able to correct diverse mistakes on your own. Be it book, journals, or other complex types of sources, remember that your research paper or analysis essay depends on the correct Works Cited page.
Latest MLA format style is also known as MLA 8, so we are going to focus on all complex formatting rules that meet known latest style requirements. As you read through provided examples, text in italics like this is done for a reason. Follow each punctuation or style rule to a letter!
An in-text citation is also known as a parenthetical citation and means that you place required information about available sources in parenthesis right after you cite or quote in a paragraph. MLA Citation Generator allows placing both in-text citations and references.
Here are in-text MLA format citation types:
Be it a book, magazine, academic journal article, or newspaper, you have to provide the author’s last name and add page number if applicable and available. If the author’s name is already mentioned in a sentence, you only need to include the page number in the parenthetical citation.
See MLA in-text citation examples:
If you have to deal with two or more authors for a book citation, list last author names in your text or in a parenthetical citing.
As in examples:
When your source has no known author or an organization, use a shortened title of your source or an article in question. If it is short, just put it in quotation marks, but if it is a long title, then italicize it. If a page number is available, provide it as well.
In such case, for MLA 8 style, you should use chapter or paragraph number, yet only if chapter or paragraph are clearly present in original source. If it is not case, page number is not required.
In this case, separate your citations by semicolon, as done below:
If such thing happens, provide first initials of both authors like in an example below:
In this case, you should also add the title of a book or an article like in the example below:
In such case, source is distinguished with an addition of lower-case letter after the year.
As an example:
In this case, if you cite an article by Andrew Johnson in published anthology by Physics National, consisting of 900 pages, then your citation should be like:
In this case, make sure to include volume number that is followed by colon and space. As an example:
If an author is known, it comes first in electronic source in-text citation, but if there is no author, start with a title.
As an example:
If there is no title, use existing name of website or source like:
An indirect source is when you have a source that is also cited in a different source. In such case, use “qtd. in” to specify source that you refer to.
As an example from citation generator:
Works Cited page is where you have a list of your sources. They have to be sorted according to ABC. A second line of source should have an indent that can be made with TAB key. If MLA citation generator fails to make an indent, always make the second reference line spaced. Note that italics in each example is a must!
Author’s Last Name, First Name. Title in italics. Source or name of publisher, then year of publishing.
If your source has multiple authors, place authors the same way as done in your source journal or a book.
As an example:
If there are three or more authors, list only the first author followed by Latin phrase et al.
As in an example:
If it is an academic source or a scholarly journal for MLA article citation, it uses the format of Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages.
Always make sure to include the complete address for a web site except for the HTTP part. Follow MLA citation format of:
Editor, author, or organization’s name (if available). Name of Site. Version number, Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), URL, DOI, or permalink. Date of your access (if applicable).
Author, First name. “Title.” Title of Collection, edited by Editor’s Name(s), Publisher, Year, Pages of entry.
Example from the MLA citation calculator:
For YouTube citations:
Last name, First name of the Author. “Title of the film or video.” Title of the website, Publication date, URL.
Follow the example:
For MLA Facebook citations:
Author Last Name, First Name or Account Name. Description of Post. Facebook, Day Month Year of Post, Time of Post, URL. Accessed Day Month Year post was viewed.
See this example:
Tweeter or Tweets Citation
Twitter Handle (First & Last Name if available). “The whole tweet copied.” Twitter, Day Month Year of Tweet, Time of Tweet, URL.
Author or Username (if real name is not available). “Title of Blog Post.” Name of Blog, Blog Network/Publisher, Day Month Year of blog post, URL. Accessed Day Month Year.
There are many ways to cite music in MLA style format. It all depends on a source.
Artist or band name. “Song title in quotation marks.” Album name italicized, Recording manufacturer, publication date.
As an example:
Film title. Name of the director, Studio or distributor, release year. If relevant, list performer names after the director’s name.
Speaker name. “Title of a speech (if available) in quotation marks.” Title of particular conference or a meeting, name of an organization. Venue and city. Description.
Use the most fitting descriptor that appropriately expresses a kind or type of a lecture or presentation. For example, it can be a lecture, conference, reading, keynote speech, presentation, persuasive speech or a guest lecture.
As an example:
Of course, there are more MLA citation examples and you may easily get help by using MLA citation generator or turning to one of skilled format citation experts at EduBirdie.
Below are general rules MLA citation checklist:
Majority of college and university students across the United States always get in a trap of plagiarism and incorrect MLA citation rules. The tricky part here is that one has to make sure that no mistake is being made and that sources used in MLA format paper are not an exact copy of someone else’s work that simply has good sources. MLA Citation Machine ensures that no plagiarism risks can plaque your paper.
Turning to EduBirdie, you can use an expert’s help and the MLA citations generator as you write your academic assignment because it helps you to get all of formatting rules right and can avoid plagiarism by keeping to 100% originality of your assignment. Turning to our experts, you can get paper of any complexity proofread and checked online 24/7 as only a skilled expert will notice a citing and/or formatting mistake that you could have easily overlooked!
I have a complex MLA citation issue that is not listed in the MLA guide. Can you help me?
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Is MLA style citation the same in MLA 7 and MLA 8?
No, MLA 8 is latest edition of MLA format style and it has several important punctuation differences. We can assist you with MLA 7 or any other style, if required.
Can you provide me with MLA 8 templates and an example of MLA header?
Yes! Our writers have helpful templates for any format and can assist you with any format examples, suited to your MLA assignment.
Can my MLA paper be checked for accuracy?
Yes, this is what proofreading professionals do. Choose one of our expert writers!
I have sources, but they are in APA / Chicago / Harvard format. Can you help me turn them to MLA?
Yes, such service is possible! Just share your sources and the task with one of our writers and get things done in time! Moreover, MLA Citation Generator also does the job!