If you’re a student who has Political Science classes, you’ll be definitely asked to format your essays in APSA citation style. APSA citation machine is a great option for those who need help with figuring out the formatting basics, but first, you need to learn what APSA even is. Students might already know that academic essays have to follow specific styles. APSA, denoting American Political Science Association, is used specifically in Political Science discipline. It’s a style offering a convenient way of citing books and relevant documents, which is essential for avoiding plagiarism and letting audience know where certain information came from. So, what does APSA format entail?
To get the best marks for an essay, it’s crucial to cite your sources properly. Plagiarism is a serious issue that could have drastic consequences, even such as being expelled. APSA citation style strives to eliminate risks like that, so if you need to write a paper in it, you should know how to format in-text citations first. Let’s check how different kinds of sources should be cited, and if you find something difficult, don’t let it deter you. APSA citation machine will always assist if you’re facing difficulties, though it’s best to have an in-depth understanding of this style so you could always cite everything manually if needed.
In most in-text citations, author’s last name and publishing date are used. Note: if source has page numbers and you’re quoting something directly, include a relevant number into parenthesis. To form a clearer understanding, let’s see an example. If you introduce an author in a sentence, this is how it should look like.
If author’s name doesn’t feature in text but the quote is there, form sentence like this, placing all information into parenthesis only.
If no direct quotes are present, follow the same model but remove page numbers unless your professor asked to include them in particular.
Apply similar system when you need to cite publications with two authors. Last names and date are used, and page numbers are included in case of direct quotes. The only difference is, put a conjunction “and” between two names. Here’s an example.
Same rules apply if there are between three to five authors. List all names, either in text or in parenthesis, and add a conjunction before the last name.
For more than 5 authors, put “et al.” after the first name.
To avoid mistakes in citing organizations as authors, using APSA citation machine is the best option, but if you have to format everything manually, just make sure to learn how the organization is called. Then, treat it like you would an author in previous examples.
In these cases, start citations with the title of your source. For example, if you’re citing an article with no author, entitled “Homophobia Can Go No Further”, use it where last name would be.
For authors who share last name, just add their first names’ initials.
With such intricate issue, even APSA citation machine won’t help because it doesn’t know whether you’ve already mentioned this author’s work, which was published in the same year, or not. So, you have to do it manually, but no worries, everything’s simple! Add lowercase letters to publication dates alphabetically. For the first work, use this model:
For the second one, change letters:
To indicate several sources at once, which is particularly relevant in literature reviews, list all names like you would normally do with one author and separate sources with semicolon.
Regardless of university standards, you’ll have to rely on electronic sources occasionally. In APSA citation style, there is no difference between online and published materials when it comes to in-text citations. Just mention author and date combination like in all examples above.
When no date is visible, use author’s or organization’s name and put n.d. after them.
Bibliography is an essential part of every essay. This is another work aspect that APSA citation machine can help you with, but it’s still important to know the basics of APSA manual by heart because it’ll help you format your paper much more quickly. References list should only have those sources you’ve cited in the text of essay. If there is a source in your list that was never mentioned in the paper, it won’t count as used.
Bibliography must start on a new page after conclusion, with sources arranged alphabetically. Don’t forget the hanging indent effect. Also, make sure to capitalize each meaningful word.
Books’ titles must be in italics. You need author’s full first and last name, as well as source’s date, title, and publishing house. Some APSA citation format requires the mention of state where this publishing house is located, so clarify this stuff with university professor beforehand. Look at this example.
For referencing books with more than one author, apply the rules pointed out in the in-text citations section and/or see below.
Articles can be from scholarly journals and popular magazines and their titles must always be in quotation marks. The name of journals and magazines must be in italics. For journal articles, apart from author’s names, date, and title, add volume, issue, and page range.
For articles from magazines, the rules are similar, only you have to add more exact date of when article was published.
Here, add link to site and date when you accessed it.
Everything is identical here: simply take name of person who uploaded video, its date and title, and mention date of access.
APSA citation machine will need all information about your movie, so mention directors, date of release, movie title (which should be in italics), and studio.
Mention plaintiff, appellant, volume number, collection title, page number of court’s decision, as well as date.
Point out author’s name, type of message, date, time, and link to the tweet.
Correct citations are very important for academic papers. Professors can even refuse to grade the paper if it is not formatted. The rules of formatting aren’t complex but there are many intricacies that one can miss being in a hurry. That’s why using APSA citation machine is the best decision, and EduBirdie system in particular is among most accurate and functional ones. It’s completely free, it doesn’t require registration; in addition, it’s updated according to latest APSA requirements. Naturally, each university might have its APSA peculiarities, so if you have manual from professor, great! Rely on EduBirdie APSA citation machine and check results, correcting possible minor differences. If no special manual is provided, you can trust ours to help you achieve perfect APSA formatting.
What kind of sources can you format with EduBirdie APSA Citation Generator?
Books, separate chapters, articles from newspapers, magazines, encyclopaedias, and online websites.
How to use EduBirdie APSA citation machine?
Just visit EduBirdie site, choose formatting style, fill in required info and click “Generate”.
Is this generator reliable?
Yes, it is. Granted, many universities have varying APSA citation rules, but EduBirdie’s generator corresponds to basic APSA guidelines.
Should I memorize all APSA formatting rules?
You shouldn’t force yourself to remember everything because there are many citation styles and numerous kinds of sources. But memorizing the ones you use most is a good idea. The more references you generate with EduBirdie APSA citation machine, the better you’ll remember such basic rules as titles of sources like books, journals, magazines, and movies being in italics; names of articles and short stories being in quotation marks; placing conjunction between two names; using ‘et al.’ for many authors, etc.
I have completed my paper in MLA. Can anyone fix formatting to APSA?
Have no worries! Edubirdie has a team of professional editors who can change style of your paper. Just contact us to get it done asap!